occurs when members of one group marry those of other social or ethnic groups; blending of 2 cultures into a single culture
a process by which members of subordinate racial and ethnic groups become absorbed into the dominant culture.
a family created from previous divorces or separations experienced by one or both spouses
a situation in which two people live together, and think of themselves as a couple, without being legally married
involves reorganizing friendships and adjusting relations with family members who are accustomed to seeing them as a couple
the belief that wages ought to reflect the worth of a job, not the gender or race of the worker.
involves facing the issues of child custody; a current trend in joint custody, in which children divide their time between both parents
hidden or subtle. Characterized by non-traditional racist beliefs but more subversive beliefs intertwined with current social, political and economic issues
crude divorce rates
the number of divorces per 1000 in the population; a faulty measure because it includes members of the population not at risk
cultural subordination that perpetrate sexism, such as belief systems, value, norms and language
actions or practices of dominant-group members (or their representatives) that have a harmful effect on members of a subordinate group.
Between 1960 and 1979, the refined divorce rate rose from 9.2 to 22.8 From 1979 to 1996, the rate dropped from 22.8 to 19.5 In 1997 the refined divorce rate was 19.8 Redivorces take place more rapidly than first divorces
involves dividing marital assets equally; may mean a higher standard of living for men, but financial hardships for women
a collection of people distinguished, by others or by themselves, primarily on the basis of cultural or nationality characteristics.
a family unit composed of relatives in addition to parents and children who live in the same household.
a relatively permanent group of people connected by blood, marriage or adoption that live together and share social and economic responsibilities
family of orientation
the family into which a person is born and in which early socialization usually takes place.
the belief that all people—both women and men—are equal and that they should be valued equally and have equal rights.
people who are frustrated in their efforts to achieve a highly desired goal will respond with a pattern of aggression towards others
the culturally and socially constructed differences between females and males found in the meanings, beliefs, and practices associated with "femininity" and "masculinity."
the attitudes, behavior, and activities that are socially defined as appropriate for each sex and are learned through the socialization process.
broad generaling on which people think you should belong to based on masculine or femine
human capital hypothesis
individuals vary widely in their aquired education and job training, this is the source of a persons productivity and can be measured in terms of the return on investment
behavior consisting of one-on-one acts by members of the dominant group that harm members of the subordinate group or their property.
the process in which the day-to-day practices, procedures and policies of social institutions promote differential treatment which is harmful to members of the minority group
occdurs when members of subordinate racial or ethnic groups gain acceptance in everyday social interaction with member of the dominant group
according to conflict theorists, a practice that occurs when members of a racial or ethnic group are conquered or colonized and forcibly placed under the economic and political control of the dominant group.
a legally recognized and/or socially approved arrangement between two or more individuals that carries certain rights and obligations and usually involves sexual activity.
a hierarchical system of social organization in which cultural, political, and economic structures are controlled by women.
a social group that is singled out for differential treatment or discrimination due to physical or cultural characteristics and have traditionally been disadvantaged or experienced less access to resources. Also known as "subordinate groups" in society
a marriage between two partners, usually a woman and a man. Only legal marriage pattern within the US.
a family composed of one or two parents and their dependent children, all of whom live apart from other relatives.
number of divorces per year
not an accurate measure; does not take into account population increases
occupational or gendered segragations
concentration of women and men in different occupations, jobs and places of work
utilitarian in nature; emphasizes practicality rather than emotional closeness
a hierarchical system of social organization in which cultural, political, and economic structures are controlled by men.
married couple lives with or near the husband's family, same community or even same house
the concurrent marriage of a person of one sex with two or more members of the opposite sex.
a negative attitude based on faulty generalizations about members of selected racial and ethnic groups.
involves regaining a sense of psychological independence as a result of emotional seperation from their former spouse
a category of people who have been singled out as inferior or superior, often on the basis of physical characteristics such as skin color, hair texture, and eye shape.
a set of attitudes, beliefs, and practices that is used to justify the superior treatment of one racial or ethnic group and the inferior treatment of another racial or ethnic group.
ratio of current marriages to current divorces
faulty measure; marriages reported have all taken place in the current year and divorces occur over many years
refined divorce rates
best measure; the number of divorces per 1000 married women over age 15; no predictive use for individuals
a person or group that is incapable of offering resistance to the hostility or aggression of others.
secondary sex characteristics
the physical traits (other than reproductive organs) that identify an individual's sex.
the spatial and social separation of categories of people by race, ethnicity, class, gender, and/or religion.
the subordination of one sex, usually female, based on the assumed superiority of the other sex.
a person's preference for emotional-sexual relationships with members of the opposite sex (heterosexuality), the same sex (homosexuality), or both (bisexuality).
the extent to which people are willing to interact and establish relationships with members of racial and ethnic groups other than their own.
the process in which minorities experience socially supported mistreatment, injustice, or experience high poverty rates
overgeneralizations about the appearance, behavior, or other characteristics of particular groups.
structural or institutional sexism
institutional policies, structures that promote the subordination of women
a male who lives as a woman or a female who lives as a man but does not alter the genitalia.