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AT Lab Final Exam
Terms in this set (100)
Which of the following is the correct credential for a board certified athletic trainer?
Which document specifically states that athletic trainers should "engage in lifelong, professional and continuing educational activities to promote continued competence" in role of an athletic trainer?
BOC Standards of Professional Practice
What is the name of the patient care note that is written when therapy is ended either by the patient having a final evaluation or the patient not coming back?
An athletic trainer has a legal and moral obligation to do the following except?
Refer patients to physical therapists for long term rehabilitation
A S.O.A.P note is an example of what type/style of documentation?
You are the athletic trainer at Olney Central College. Your spouse is a sales representative for Nike. In your position, you encourage the athletics department and coaches to select your spouse's company as its sole uniform and accessories provider. How would this behavior be categorized?
Legal but unethical
Currently, how many states have enacted some type of regulation for athletic trainers?
What year was the NATA founded?
As an experienced athletic trainer, you would like to model good professional behavior. Which of the following actions would you avoid in this effort?
Discuss specifics of an athlete's treatment plan at an after-hours staff social function
How often should an athletic trainer document?
ATs should document any patient encounter or any interaction with a patient when an athletic training service is provided or a communication occurs regarding their health status.
All soiled materials should be placed in ___
Which of the following is an example of a non-occlusive dressing?
What is the best treatment for an open carotid artery wound?
Apply direct pressure, apply an occlusive dressing, and apply a pressure dressing
What type of wound is characterized as deep, narrow and high risk of infection?
A patient with a known communicable disease is bleeding profusely from a wound. The athletic trainer fears for her own physical well-being. What policy gives the athletic trainer the right to withhold service?
-NATA Code of ethics
- Good Samaritan Law
Which of the following is the best way to clean an open wound?
Clean an area at least twice the size of the wound with saline water or antiseptic agent
A patient may need to be referred to a physician for oral antibiotics for a wound if...
The wound is deep and heavily contaminated
When does a laceration require sutures?
The patient's wound shows fat
What is the proper mandated care standards set by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) when dealing with an abrasion that might transmit a communicable disease?
The athletic trainer wearing latex gloves stops the bleeding, cleans the wound, and applies an occlusive dressing.
What is the priority when dealing with a laceration in the oral cavity?
Control the bleeding to prevent an airway obstruction
Which form of communication is best for interaction because it has the lowest risk of interference?
EMS has arrived to take an injured patient to the emergency room. What is the most important information that needs to be conveyed to emergency medical personnel?
Age, sex, history of incident, chief complaint, level of responsiveness, vital signs, secondary assessment, pertinent medical conditions, and treatment provided
When using a bag valve mask on an adult; how often should a breath occur?
Over the length of 1 second
A patient is in a confined space and requires CPR. A second rescuer has gone to call for advanced life support. The athletic trainer will need additional space to effectively do CPR. What should be done?
Pull the patient into a larger area with more room; then begin CPR
A patient has no breathing or pulse. In which of the following situations should CPR not be started? Choose only one
The patient has been decapitated
The athletic trainer is dealing with an emergency situation. Which of the following is important to communicate when speaking with the emergency (911) operator?
Provide a specific description of the injury and care being provided
Which statement describes the best placement of AED electrode pads on the chest? Choose only one.
The right pad is on the right anterior superior chest wall and the left pad is on the inferior lateral left chest.
Which of the following is the best description for the proper placement of an adult pocket cardiopulmonary resuscitation mask with a one-way valve?
Place the pointed end of the mask over the bridge of the nose and the flat end over the patient's chin and lower lip
The athletic trainer has witnessed a patient collapse. EMS has been activated. The athletic trainer has determined there is no breathing and no heartbeat and that the airway is clear when rescue breathing is performed. What is the next step that should be taken?
Begin chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute
How often should the athletic training staff practice with rescue squad personnel to ensure proper care of patients?
At least once a year
A patient needs to be backboarded. The patient is prone with head turned to the side. What does the athletic trainer controlling the head need to do when the patient is rolled into the supine position?
Use a cross-arm technique
Why is a Le Fort fracture a medical emergency?
The airway can be compromised
An athlete who is wearing an ill-fitting football helmet injures his cervical spine and must be backboarded. What is the proper management when working with this helmet?
Remove the face mask, then remove the helmet: One person stabilizes the head by placing one hand at the angle of the jaw and the other hand on the occiput while the other person pulls the earpieces to widen the helmet and pulls the helmet off. Then remove the shoulder pads
What is the treatment of a bleeding wound caused by a compound fracture?
Direct pressure, pressure point, and if necessary, tourniquet
A patient has an object impaled through his hand. What is the best treatment of this injury?
Apply sterile gauze, immobilize the object, and splint to keep the hand and wrist immobilized
A catastrophic cervical spine injury is caused by what mechanism of injury?
Head being driven caudally
What are the keys to splinting a fracture?
Splinting the joint above and below the fracture
A male lacrosse player has stopped breathing and may have a cervical spine injury. How should this be handled?
Remove the face mask, chin guard, and visor using cutters or a screwdriver. Leave the chin strap snugly in place. Begin rescue breathing using chin lift.
How is a cervical collar size determined?
By measuring the distance between the patient's jaw line to the top of the shoulder using fingers to measure
What is the position of the hand at the time a Bennett's fracture occurs?
When should a patient with heatstroke be removed from cold water immersion?
Once core temperature drops to 102 °F (<38.9 °C)
Which athlete is most likely to suffer a heat-related illness?
An overweight athlete wearing a cotton shirt and taking laxatives
Which of the following is part of general shock management?
Controlling the loss of fluids
When is heat syncope most likely to occur?
Within the first five days of practice before acclimatization occurs
How can an athlete who participates in an outdoor sport and is prone to anaphylactic shock brought on by bee stings help to prevent bee stings?
Avoid using deodorants and perfumes
Bradycardia, low blood pressure, and signs of a neck injury are likely to lead to what form of shock?
What is the best treatment for anaphylactic shock if the athletic trainer is not able to administer epinephrine?
Call 911 and monitor vital signs
For an underage patient with no standing consent from the parent or guardian to give medical care, what step should the athletic trainer take when a patient with a medical condition needs the intervention of an emergency room physician?
Give care to the patient and activate the emergency action plan. Notify the parent after the fact
What are the 2 most critical signs/symptoms of heatstroke?
Rectal temperature of 105 °F (40.5 °C) and altered state of consciousness
What are the signs or symptoms for a patient with heat-related muscle cramps in the legs?
Muscle cramps come and go, and patient is tired and dehydrated
When taping an ankle to prevent inversion, what is the direction of the heel lock on the lateral side of this ankle?
Pulled posteriorly from the inferior portion of the calcaneus going toward the Achilles tendon
When wrapping a hip flexor strain, what is the position of the patient who is being wrapped?
Involved leg is in a neutral position with the knee slightly bent
For which of the following sports does NATA neither endorse nor discourage use of helmets or headgear?
What is the NOCSAE standard for football helmets regarding eye protection?
Wire face mask and a polycarbonate eye shield
In which sport(s) are athletes allowed to wear a padded fiberglass cast?
Baseball, softball, football, and soccer
A patient asks the athletic trainer to modify a piece of equipment that does not fit properly. What should the athletic trainer do to limit liability?
Do not modify the equipment and do not allow the patient to play with the improperly fitted equipment
Which of the following football players should wear cantilevered shoulder pads?
What methods or procedures can be undertaken to prevent skin irritation of an athlete's ankle as part of preventive taping?
Apply lace and heel pads, then put on underwrap
Of the following braces, which is most appropriate for preventing medial collateral ligament sprains in collision sports?
Prophylactic lateral knee brace
The NCAA and NHSF require a NOCSAE-certified helmet with double ear flaps for which players in baseball?
On-deck batters, batters, and base runners
Treating people the way they want to be treated, rather than how you would want to be treated is best known as....
What step of the 5-step patient-centered interviewing technique involves identifying your specific role and sitting down to remove barriers to communication?
What is the average reading level of most Americans?
6th grade level
The social determinants of health are often linked back to why and how a patient progresses in their healing following an injury or illness. Which of the following is not a social determinant of health?
Access to phones
The disablement model creates a common language among athletic training educators, clinicians, and researchers. The aspect of increase pain and limited range of function fits best into which model branch?
Which of the following is not one of the 8 principles of Picker's model of patient-centered care?
Equity refers to...
Custom tools that identify and address inequality
What is the validated way to assess pain using the Numeric Pain Rating Scale?
0 is no pain; 10 is the worst pain imaginable
Access to care relative to patient-centered care involves all of the following except:
Recognition of the needs of family and friends
Shared decision making and goal setting are central components to what core competency?
A 16-year-old patient has been bitten by a bee on her neck and is prone on the ground. Upon arrival, the athletic trainer notes cyanosis, respiratory distress, and stinger in the neck. What area should an EpiPen injection be given for this patient?
Using triage categories of red, yellow, green, and black, designate which of the following patients are in which triage category. Match the appropriate action (triage category) to the correct condition.
What is an example of a response to the 'A' in SAMPLE a patient could provide when taking a patient's history?
What is the best instruction for using crutches to go down stairs?
Place the crutches on the first step down. The injured leg remains over the crutch tips, and then the non-injured leg swings through to the step down.
What is the best way to determine medical history and the nature of the current emergency of an unconscious patient?
Do a head-to-toe examination checking for grimaces or moans and a medical alert tag
When fitting someone for crutches, what is the space that should be between crutch top and axillary fold?
Blood pressure of 116/86 is an example of what information in the SOAP note?
There is a mass casualty situation. Many patients need care. The scene is safe to enter. Each patient will be assessed with primary and secondary surveys. Which of the following items are part of the primary survey?
Check for profuse bleeding
Check for blood circulation
Check the airway
When assessing family and past medical history, which would be considered a red flag for urgent or immediate referral? for imaging or other testing?
History of cancer
For a set of shoulder pads to be properly fitted, which anterior muscles must be protected?
Pectoralis and deltoid
When is the resting heart rate considered tachycardia?
100 beats per minute
What does a pulse oximeter device measure?
What does the athletic trainer need to do to ensure a pulse oximeter device will work properly once in place?
The light on the device has unobstructed access to the capillary bed
During the PPE, a patient is shown to have vision of 20/10. What does this mean?
The patient can read the letters on the Snellen eye chart on the 10-foot line while standing 20 feet from the chart
A patient has a mild form of congenital heart disease. What limitations will this patient have in athletic participation?
A patient who is 18 years of age chooses to participate in athletics against medical advice. What law, act, or statute gives the patient the legal right to participate?
Federal Rehabilitation Act
How does the athletic trainer determine the correct size of a blood pressure cuff?
The cuff wraps around the arm 1 to 1.5 times and takes up two-thirds of the length of the upper arm
What professional can be involved in medical history review for the PPE?
A pre-participation exam should occur no more than how many weeks before the start of the season?
Six weeks before the start of season training
What is the maximum heart rate for an athlete who is 25 years old?
A person that is lying face down on the ground is considered to be in what anatomical direction?
What is a normal respiration rate for an adult?
If a patient is is unresponsive but responds when spoken to, what letter from the AVPU scale would they be classified as?
When using a bimanual technique for palpation, what is the depth used?
Objective measures of range of motion are best recorded using what medical device?
Which of the following is an open-ended question?
What happened and how did it happen?
Which of the following is part of a patient's initial history?
Family history of illness or injury, social habits, demographic information, and chief complaint
Which of the following is not a symptom?
What is a typical capillary refill time?
What is the official name of the blood pressure cuff?
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