Large, multicellular eukaryotes that occupy terrestrial environments; absorb nutrition from other organisms
Symbiotic relationships which benefit both partners
Living in close association with plants
Fungi that get nutrition by digesting dead plant material
One form of fungi; single-celled
Form of fungi; multicellular, filamentous structures; has large surgace area to absorb
Filaments within mycelium
Each cell contains several haploid nuclei from different parents
Two haploid nuclei, one from each parent, are present
Cross-walls that break hyphae into cell-like compartments; have pores that enable materials, including organelles/nuclei, to flow between compartments
Lacking septa completely
Fungi with swimming gametes; have alternation of generations
Spore-producing structure formed when hyphae from two different fungi yolk together
Specialized "little pedestals" that form at ends of hyphae and produce spores
Species with basidia
Specialized sacs that form at ends of hyphae and produce spores
Species that produce asci
Species that produce zygosporangia
Symbiotic relationships which benefit one partner
Symbiotic relationships which benefit one partner at the expense of the other
Ectomycorrhizal Fungi (EMF)
Form sheaths around trees; cleave peptide bonds in decaying material, transmit nutrition to trees
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF)/Endomycorrhizal Fungi
Penetrates interior of treee, cell walls; transfer phosphorus to trees
Fungi that live in the aboveground parts of plants
Digestion that takes place outside of organism; occurs with fungi
When hyphae from two individuals come together and cytoplasm fuses
Fusion of nuclei
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