Beginning of Societies
Terms in this set (17)
People who didn't have a single, settled home. Traveled in search of food (hunter gatherer)
Taming or controlling plants or animals to make them more useful to humans
Good for farming
An extra amount of one thing - prevents famine
Division of labor
Farming/planting - growing of plants and raising of animals to supply food for humans
Last phase of stone age - agriculture began in the Neolithic Era
5 characteristics of a civilization
1) stable food supply
2) specialization of labor
3) system of government
4) social levels
5) Highly developed culture - include arts, architecture, religion, music, law
Where the early civilizations developed
Advantages to Agriculture
1) less stress
2) didn't have to rely on only hunters
3) farmers could raise more food than hunter/gatherers could collect
4) support more people on small plots of land
5) create a steady supply of food year round (surplus was possible)
1) farming work was harder than hunting and gathering
2 Examples of how having a surplus helped early humans
1) allowed people to store food for a time when they needed it or trade it
2) allowed people to stay in one place and create larger families
3) allowed some people to stop farming and develop different types of jobs (artisans, tradespeople)
How did early man go from being nomads to developing civilizations?
They learned to farm and that led to having permanent homes. With farms, they were able to have a surplus of food, which led to diversification of jobs and larger populations. Cities developed near rivers because they provided fertile soil and a source of water. Cities led to the rise of civilizations.
What does the environment need in order to become a successful farming community?
Fertile soil and a water source
What are the advantages of domesticating animals?
They didn't have to hunt
How did historians think farming may have started?
Discovered that planting seeds results in new growth. Also, learned not to collect all of the seeds at harvest time so that new plants could grow the following season. 7000 BC
How do historians think the domestication of animals may have started?
Watched and learned the habits of the animals they hunted. They started to protect the herds from predators, building their trust. Over time the animals began to depend on man for food and would breed. Examples: sheep, goats, dogs