How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Mitosis: Cell Division

STUDY
PLAY
mitosis
reproductive process of cells, the cells nucleus divides so each new cell will have the same type and number of chromosomes as the parent cell
cytokinesis
splits the cytoplasm of a dividing cell into daughter cells
daughter cells
The cells that are produced as a result of mitosis. These cells are identical to each other, and also to the original parent cell.
spindle fibers
:fibers that attach to chromosomes and move the chromosomes by pulling homologous chromosomes in opposite directions and pushing the poles apart
cytoplasm
gel-like material inside the cell membrane of animals and plants; it is constantly moving, most of the cell;s life processes take place in the cytoplasm. .
interphase
cell growth phase where a cell increases in size, carries on metabolism, and duplicates chromosomes prior to division
telophase
last phase of mitosis, chromosome are in two new cells and nuclear membranes start to reform
anaphase
in this stage, the chormosomes are pullled away from thhe middle to the spindle poles of the cell
prophase
first and longest phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes become visible and the centrioles separate and take up positions on the opposite sides of the nucleus
metaphase
second phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell
chromatid
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible during meiosis or mitosis
centromere
a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appears during mitosis where the chromatids are held together to form an X shape
cell membrane
A structure that surrounds a cell, providng a barrier between the inside of a cell and the cells exterior enviornment
nucleus
has chromosomes that contain complex chemical information that directs all the celll;s activities, a membrane-enclosed command center in the cytoplasm of animal and plant cells
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid; the molecule that carries the hereditary information of the cell, it is the chemical blueprint for living things. It carries coded information that determines the features of an organism and ensures that these are copied and passed on to any offspring.
chromosomes
threadlike structure within the nucleus containing the genetic information that is passed from one generation of cells to the next

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.