frequently develops with renal disease due to increased aldosterone secretion, glomerular congestion, and increased vascular volume.
commonly caused by hyperlipidemia
indicated by increased serum urea and creatinine
determines emotional responses
criteria for declaration include no activity on EEG, absence of all reflexes, and no spontaneous respirations
inflammation and demyelination of peripheral nerves leads to ascending paralysis
when CSF leaks from the ear
stiff hyperextended neck associated with irriation of spinal nerve roots
precipitated by a viral infection in part, cerebral edema develops, liver damage is common
a condition present at birth, the spinal cord is exposed, can be diagnosed prenatally by ultrasound or detection of AFP in maternal blood or amniotic fluid.
formerly called Grand Mal seizure, characterized by loss of consciousness then the tonic stage, which follow the aura. The clonic stage consists of alternating contractions and relaxation of skeletal muscles.
consists of bizarre or inappropriate behavior
Pathophysiology includes demyelination of axons, affects the brain, spinal cord and cranial nerves, affects motor, sensory and autonomic fibers. Early signs include tremors, weakness in the legs and visual problems.
degeneration of the basal nuclei with a deficit of dopamine, early signs include tremors at rest in the hands and difficulty initiating voluntary movements, at later stages there is difficulty chewing and swallowing and with urinary retention and orthostatic hypotension develops
an autoimmune disorder, cholinergic receptors at the neuromuscular junctions are damaged, muscle weakness and fatigue occur in the face and neck
used to confirm, diagnose and classify seizures
seizures are recurrent or continuous without full recovery between episodes, severe hypoxia and acidosis develop, changes in the characteristics of CSF develop
caused by a decrease in Glucocorticoids
a skin and tissue disorder usually due to severe prolonged hypothyroidism, due to a devdicit of T3 and T4
causes the pituitary gland to produce excess growth hormone, resulting in abnormally tall stature.
an endocrine disorder in which excessive cortisol is excreted. It results in a heavy body and round face, atrophied skeletal muscle in the limbs and atrophy of the lymph nodes.