The Respiratory System Study

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Terms in this set (...)

takes in oxygen, removes carbon dioxide and water
two functions of the respiratory system
oxygen
this is needed for the energy-releasing chemical reactions that take place inside your cells
respiration
the process in which oxygen and glucose undergo a complex series of chemical reactions inside cells
carbon dioxide, energy, water
three products of respiration
circulatory system, respiratory system, and digestive system
the organ systems that make respiration possible
cleaned, warmed, moistened
three things that happen to air as it passes through the nose and moves into the lungs
sneeze
shoots the particles out of your nose and into the air
throat
another name for the pharynx
nostrils
openings in the nose through which air enters
nasal cavities
spaces lined with cilia and mucus
mucus
moistens the air and traps particles in the air
cilia
tiny hairlike extensions that sweep mucus into the throat
nose, mouth
body parts that are connected to the pharynx
cartilage
the walls of trachea are made up of rings of ______ that strengthen the trachea and keep it open
choke
if food enters the trachea, a person can ____
lungs
the respiratory organs that the air reaches after the bronchi
gas exchange
in the capillaries around the alveoli, oxygen attaches to the hemoglobin in the red blood cells. At the same time, carbon dioxide moves from the blood and into the alveoli
diaphragm
a large, dome-shaped muscle that plays an important role in breathing
larynx
another name for the voice box
vocal cords
folds of connective tissue that produce your voice and stretch across the opening of the larynx