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week 5 medical terminology

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appendectomy
surgical removal of the appendix
appendicitis
inflammation of the appendix
biliary
pertaining to bile
buccal mucosa
pertaining the mucous membrane of the cheek
cholecystectomy
excision of the gallbladder
colitis
inflammation of colon
colostomy
creation of a new opening between the colon and the abdominal wall
duodenal
pertaining to the duodenum
gastroenteritis
inflammation of the stomach and intestines
esophageal atresia
closure of the esophagus
gastrectomy
excision of the stomach
femora hernia
displacement of intestine through the femoral canal
hiatal hernia
displacement of the stomach above the diaphragm into the thoracic cavity
inguinal hernia
displacement of intestines through the inguinal canal
umbilical hernia
protrusion of the intestine through a weakness in the abdominal wall around the umbilicus (navel)
ileostomy
creation of a new opening between the ileum and the abdominal wall
laparoscope
instrument used to visually examine the inside of the abdomen
sublingual
pertaining to the under the tongue
cholecystolithiasis
condition of stones in the bladder
lithotripsy
crushing of gallstones into pebbles tiny enough to be eliminated w/o surgical removal
retroperioneal
behind the peritoneum
pyloric stenosis
narrowing of the pylorus
sigmoidoscopy
process of visually examining the sogmoid colon
stomatitis
inflammation of the mouth
hyperemesis
excessive vomiting
melanemesis
black vomit caused by the mixing of blood with intestinal contents
aphagia
no eating
dysphasia
difficulty eating
catheterization
the process of insterting a flexible tube into a body cavity
cystitis
inflammtion of the bladder
glomerulonephritis
inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney
anuria
no urine formation:supression
dysuria
painful urination
hematuria
blood in the urine
oliguria
decreased urine
proteinuria
excessive amounts of protein in the urine
pyuria
pus in the urine
epispadias
congenital opening of the meatus on the dorsum (top side) of the penis
hypospadias
opening of the meatus on the ventral (underside) of the penis
episiotomy
cutting the vulva
hysterectomy
cutting into the uterous
tubal ligation
a sterilization procedure with women, a surgical sterilization procedure in which the fallopian tubes are sealed or cut to prevent sperm from reaching a mature ovum
amenorrhea
no menstration
dysmenorrhea
painful menstration
endometriosis
endometrial tissue that is found at sites other that the uterus
endometrium
inner wall of the uterous
oocyte
egg cell
hernia
profusion or displacement of an organ through a structure that normally contains it
uria
urine;urination
phagia
eating; swallowing