How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

105 terms

Music

Final Exam
STUDY
PLAY
Which meter would most likely be associated with a march?
Duple
A texture in which a single voice takes over the melodic interest while accompanying voices are subordinate is called
Homophony
The deliberate shifting of the accent to a weak beat or an offbeat is called:
Syncopation
The resting place at the end of a phrase is called:
Cadence
The first note of the scale is called the:
Tonic
The gradual swelling of the volume of music is called:
crescendo
The term a cappella refers to choral music performed:
Without Accompaniment
Te instruments of the Western orchestra are categorized in four groups:
strings, brass, percussion and woodwinds
Which tonality would most likely be chosen for a triumphal march?
Major
The percussion family is comprised of a variety of instruments that are made to sound by:
Striking and Shaking
The patriotic song America "My country tis of thee" is an example of:
Triple Meter
The quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument from another is
Timbre
How many notes make up a pentatonic scale
Five
When two or more independent melodic lines are combined, the resulting texture is called
polyphony
Which element of music is measured in decibles
volume
Should a composer write a film score to a horror movie, one might reasonably expect that the harmony would include a great deal of:
Dissonance
The first accented beat of a measure is called:
A downbeat
How do idiophones produce sound?
by shaking, scraping or striking the instrument itself
A succession of single tones or pitches perceived as a unit is called:
a melody
Which brass instrument uses a large, movable U-shaped slide to change notes?
trombone
The element that describes the musical fabric, or the relationship of musical lines within a work is called:
texture
A combination of three or more tones that constitutes a single block of harmony is called:
a chord
The distance between two pitches is called:
an interval
The soprano brass instrument sometimes described as possessig a BRILLIANT timbre is the
Trumpet
The distance between the highest and lowest tones of a melody is called:
the range
The expressive device used by Renaissance composers to pictorialize words musically is called:
Word painting
A highly emotional song in an opera is called:
an aria
Th orchestral introduction heard at the beginning of the opera:
overture
The vocal style in opera that imitates the natural inflections of speech is called:
recitative
An end-blown flute with a breathy toe is called:
Recorder
_______ is traditionally associated with collecting the chants of the church.
Pope Gregory
The portion of the Mass that remains the same in every celebration of the service is called:
The Ordinary
Who was a leader in the Protestant Reformation
Martin Luther
The French courtly love song of the Middle Ages was called the
Channson
Where was the first madrigal developed
Italy
Which genre of vocal music was NOT used in Renaissance church services?
Chansons
In Germany, aristocratic poet-musicians were called:
Minnesingers
A setting of Gregorian chant with one note per syllable is called:
Syllabic
What is a cantus firmus?
A fragment of Gregorian chant or a secular tune used as the foundation of a polyphonic Mass.
What best describes the texture of the ideal Renaissance sacred music?
Imitative
Which of the following would be considered an appropriate outdoor instrument?
shawm
Which of the following was the most important secular genre of the sixteenth century?
Madrigal
Medieval instruments can be classified as bas or haut, meaning:
Soft or loud
Which of the following was NOT a recommendation of the Council of Trent
To use instruments to embellish church music
Which of the following does not characterize Gregorian chant?
Triadic Harmonies
Which best describes the character of Farmer's Fair Phyllis (from your listening"?
pastoral and light
The early poolyphonic genre that resulted from the addition of texts to all voices was called:
Motet
A drama that is sung is called:
an Opera
The standard ranges of the human voice from highest to lowest are:
soprano,alto, tenor, bass
Music is propelled forward in time by:
rhythm
Te degree of loudness or softness, or volume, at which music is played is called:
dynamics
The technique through which performers create music on the spot is known as:
improvisation
Woodwind instruments:
all have a pipe with holes
Instruments that produce sound by using air as the vibrating means are called:
aerophones
What quality of a work of art refers to it structure or shape?
Form
Organizing patterns of rhythmic pulses are called:
meters
The rate of speed at which a piece of music is played is its:
tempo
Of the following, which is a pitched percussing instrument
xylophone
Dido sings her famous lament n Purcell's opera Dido and Aeneas just prior to:
Killing herself
A setting of Gregorian chant with two to four notes per syllable might be
neumatic
The text of an opera is called the:
libretto
Of the following, which woman was a religious leader and a prominent figure in literature and music?
Hildegard of Bingen
The earliest type of polyphony was:
Organum
Which of the following was Not subject reflected in the poems of troubadours and trouvere?
The rebirth of classical learning
The medieval ancestor of the modern trombone is the:
sakbut
In opera, the lyric melodies that release emotion are called recitatives.
False
__________was born in Germany and studied in Italy, but sent much of his creative life in England.
Handel
The famous choral climax in Part II of Handel's Messiah is
Hallelujah Course
Lully was the leading composer of opera in France
True
What is the principal element of a fugue?
Counterpoint
The earliest operas took their plots from:
Greek Mythology
In the field of keyboard music, Bach's most important collection was:
The well-tempered clavier
Te solo instrument in the Spring, from the Four Seasons is:
Violin
A concerto based on the opposition of small and large groups of instrumental music was the:
Baroque
Who was the greatest and most prolific Italian composer of concertos?
Vivaldi
Chorales were intender to be sung by a trained choir.
False
A cantata must be written on a religious or sacred theme
False
Bach was most famous in his day as a performer on:
Organ
Which of the following was Not an important keyboard instrument in the Baroque?
Piano
Who composed the Brandenburg Concertos?
Bach
The sacred cantata was an integral part of the:
Lutheran Church Service
Of the following wind instruments, which was not made of wood?
Trumpet
Vivaldi was known as "the red priest" for:
The color of his hair
The sonata de camera of the Baroque was intended for
be performed at home.
Why is the music for Handel's Water Music marked by lively rhythms and catchy melodies
It was performed outdoors on barges
How many players are generally necessary to perform a trio sonata?
4
Which of the following does NOT characterize an oratorio?
elaborate scenery
The dominant instrument in Mouret's Rondeau is:
trumpet
Who is best viewed as the first master of opera?
Monteverdi
The Hallelujah Chorus is the climax of the Christmas section of the Messiah:
False
A piano trio consists of:
Piano, Violin and Cello
Quick crescendos and the four-movement cycle in symphonies were developed in
Manneheim
The number of players in a Classical orchestra was typically"
30-40
Which of the following best describes the opening idea of Beethoven's Symphony No. 5?
a four note motive
WHich composer rebelled against the patronage system and struggled to achieve financial independence?
Mozart
How many symphonies did Beethoven write?
9
The patronage system failed to support Haydn, and he was forced to live by teaching and performing
False
A musical setting of the Mass for the Dead is called a:
Requiem
The most important instrumental genre of the Classical period is:
Symphony
A short repeated musical pattern is called:
ostinato
Who was Haydn's principal patron?
Prince Esterhazy
A string quartet consists of
Violin, Violin, Viola, Cello
Mozart dies while composing
Requiem
The three main sections of sonata-allegro form are the exposition,development, and:
Recapitulation
Using material from an earlier movement in a symphony is called:
Cyclical form