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101 terms

EXAM #1

STUDY
PLAY
PERFUSION
the circulation of blood within an organ or tissue in adequate amounts to meet the cells current needs.
PHYSIOLOGIC MANIFESTATIONS OF STRESS INCLUDE:
perspiration, increased blood glucose levels, and dilated pupils
CARDIAC MONITORING, PHARMACOLOGICAL INTERVENTIONS AND OTHER ADVANCED TREATMENT SKILLS ARE FUNCTIONS OF THE
paramedic
YOU ARRIVE AT THE SCENE OF AN APPARENT DEATH. WHEN EVALUATING THE PATIENT WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A DEFINITIVE SIGN OF DEATH?
dependent lividity
WITH THE FLOWMETER SET AT 6 L/MIN. THE NASAL CANNULA WILL DELIVER UP TO HOW MUCH OXYGEN
44%
WHICH CONDITION OFTEN REQUIRES TRANSPORT TO A HOSPITAL WITH SPECIALIZED CAPABILITIES THAT MAY NOT BE AVAILABLE AT THE CLOSEST HOSPITAL
stroke and heart attack
PARADXYSMAL NOCTURNAL DYSPNEA, RALES, AND DEPENDENT EDEMA ARE CLINICAL INDICATORS OF
congestive heart failure
CRITICAL INCIDENT STRESS MANAGEMENT CAN OCCUR AT AN ONGOING SCENE EXCEPT WHEN:
patients are actively being assessed or treated
A 37 YEAR OLD MALE HAS AN APPARENT FOREIGN BODY AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. HE IS CONSCIOUS AND ALERT AND IS COUGHING FORCEFULLY. HIS SKIN IS PINK WARM AND MOIST. THE MOST APPROPRIATE TREATMENT FOR THIS PATIENT INCLUDES
performing a series of abdominal thrusts
IN CONTRAST TO INHALATION, EXHALATION
is a passive process caused by increased intrathoracic pressure
THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM IS COMPRISED OF THE:
brain and spinal cord
WHICH SYSTEM IS RESPONSIBLE FOR RELEASING HORMONES THAT REGULATE BODY ACTIVITIES?
endocrine
WHAT IS A LATE SIGN OF HYPOXIA
cyanosis
THE LEAF-SHAPED STURCTURE LOCATED SUPERIOR TO THE LARYNX IS CALLED THE
epiglottis
WHEN GIVEN TO PATIENTS WITH CARDIAC-RELATED CHEST PAIN, NITROGLYCERIN
increases myocardial contraction force
A PATIENTS SHORT-TERM MEMORY IS MOST LIKELY INTACT IF HE OR SHE CORRECTLY ANSWERS QUESTIONS REGARDING
date and event
WHEN USING A BODY DRAG TO PULL A PATIENT WHO IS ON THE GROUND YOU SHOULD:
kneel to minimize the distance that you will have to lean over
REGARDLESS OF WHERE PORTABLE AND MOUNTED OXYGEN CYLINDERS ARE STORED IN THE AMBULANCE THEY MUST
be capable of delivering oxygen at 1 to 15 L/min.
IT IS ESPECIALLY IMPORTANT TO ASSESS PULSE, SENSATION, AND MOVEMENT IN ALL EXTREMITIES AS WELL AS PUPILLARY REACTIONS IN PATIENTS WITH WHAT SUSPECTED PROBLEM
neurologic problem
DYSPNEA
shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
KIDNEY, PANCREAS, STOMACH ARE ALL PART OF WHICH SYSTEM?
digestive system
MOVEMENT OR MOTION AWAY FROM THE BODY'S MIDLINE IS CALLED
abduction
MOVEMENT OR MOTION INTO THE BODY'S MIDLINE IS CALLED
adduction
A PATIENT WITH PROFUSE SWEATING IS REFERRED TO AS BEING
diaphoretic
THE GOLDEN PERIOD BEGINS WHEN AN INJURY OCCURS AND ENDS WHEN:
the patient receives definitive care
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A UNIQUE FUNCTION OF THE EMERGENCY MEDICAL DISPATCHER
providing callers with life-saving instructions
THE INFERIOR CARTILAGINOUS TIP OF THE STERNUM IS CALLED WHAT?
xiphoid process
COMMON SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ACUTE HYPERVENTILATION SYNDROME INCLUDE WHAT?
anxiety, dizziness and sever bradypnea
URTICARIA IS THE MEDICAL TERM FOR WHAT?
hives
ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME IS A TERM USED TO DESCRIBE WHAT?
a group of symptoms that are caused by myocardial ischemia.
KETONE PRODUCTION IS THE RESULT OF
fat metabolization when glucose is unavailable
ACTIVATED CHARCOAL ADMINISTRATION IS CONTRAINDICATED IN PATIENTS WHO HAVE INGESTED WHAT?
acids or alkalis
INSULIN FUNCTIONS IN THE BODY BY DOING WHAT?
enabling glucose to enter the cells
PSYSIOLOGIC MANIFESTATIONS OF STRESS INCLUDE
perspiration, increased blood glucose levels, and dilated pupils
SUCCESSFUL TREATMENT OF A STROKE DEPENDS ON WHETHER WHAT?
thrombolytic therapy is given within THREE hours after symptoms began.
THE MOST BASIC FUNCTIONS OF THE BODY SUCH AS BREATHING BLOOD PRESSURE AND SWALLOWING ARE CONTROLLED BY THE WHAT?
brain stem
THE PARIETAL PERITONEUM LINES THE
walls of the abdominal cavity
ESOPHAGEAL VARICES MOST COMMONLY OCCUR IN PATINTS WHO
drink lots of alcohol
THE SPINAL CORD EXITS THE CRANIUM THROUGH THE
vertebral foramen
PATIENTS WITH ACUTE ABDOMINAL PAIN SHOULD NOT BE GIVEN ANYTHING TO EAT OR DRINK BECAUSE
substances in the stomach increase the risk of aspiration
ORGANIC BRAIN SYNDROME IS MOST ACCURATELY DEFINED AS WHAT?
a dysfunction of the brain caused by abnormal physical or physiological function
THE TERM BEHAVIORAL CRISIS IS MOST ACCURATELY DEFINED AS WHAT?
any reaction that interferes with activities of daily living or is deemed unacceptable by others
THE MENTAL STATUS OF A PATIENT WHO HAS EXPERIENCED A TYPICAL SEIZURE IS:
likely to improve over a period of 5 to 30 minutes
SUPINE HYPOTENSIVE SYNDROME OCCURS WHEN
the gravid uterus compresses the inferior vena cava
A HISTORY OF PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE OR TUBAL LIGATIONS INCREASES A WOMAN'S RISK FOR WHAT?
an ectopic pregnancy
WHAT IS SEPTIC SHOCK?
bacterial damage to the vessel wall, leaking blood vessels and vasodilation.
WHAT IS VITREOUS HUMOR?
it is a clear jellylike fluid near the back of the eye that cannot be replaced if it is lost.
VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA CAUSES HYPOTENSION BECAUSE
the left ventricle does not adequately fill with blood
THE SYSTEMIC VEINS FUNCTION BY
returning deoxygenated blood back to the heart.
DISTRIBUTIVE SHOCK OCCURS WHEN
widespread dilation of the blood vessels causes blood to pool in the vascular beds
DEOXYGENATED BLOOD FROM THE BODY RETURNS TO THE WHAT?
right atrium
THE NORMAL GLUCOSE LEVEL AS MEASURED BY A GLUCOMETER IS BETWEEN
80 and 120 mg/dL.
BURNS ARE CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO
depth and extent
THE TWO MOST COMMON SIGNS OF ANAPHYLAXIS ARE WHAT?
wheezing and widespread urticaria
ACUTE STRESS REACTIONS
reaction to stress that occurs during a stressful situation
BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS
pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans.
COMMUNICABLE DISEASE
a disease that can be spread from on person or species to another
HEPATITIS
inflammation of the liver, usually caused by a viral infection that causes fever loss of appetite jaundice fatigue and altered liver function
PATHOGEN
a microorganism that is capable of causing disease in a susceptible host.
VECTOR-BORNE TRANSMISSION
the use of an animal to spread an organism from one person or place to another.
ASSAULT
unlawfully placing a patient in fear of bodily harm
BATTERY
touching a patient or providing emergencey care without consent.
APPENDIX
a small tubular structure that is attached to the lower border of the cecum in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen
ARTERIOLES
the smallest branches of arteries leading to the vast network of capillaries
ATRIUM
one of the two upper chambers of the heart
AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
the part of the nervous system that regulates functions such as digestion and sweating that are not controlled voluntarily.
BALL AND SOCKET JOINT
a joint that allows internal and external rotation as well as bending
BETA-ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS
portions of the nervous system that when wtimulated can cause an increased heart rate, and bronchial dilation
BILE DUCTS
the ducts that convey bile between the liver and the intestine
CAPILLARY VESSELS
the tiny blood vessels between the arterioles and venules that permit transfer of oxygen carbon dioxide nutrients and waste between body tissues and the blood.
CECUM
the first part of the large intestine into which the ileum opens
CEREBELLUM
one of the three major subdivisions of the brain sometimes called the "little brain"- coordinates the various activities of the brain, particularly fine body movements.
CEREBROSPINAL FLUID
fluid produced in the ventricles of the brain that flows in the subarachnoid space and bathes the meninges
CEREBRUM
the largest part of the three subdivisions of the brain made up of several lobes that control movement, hearing, balance, speech, visual perception, emotions, and personality
CRICOID CARTILAGE
a firm ridge of cartilage that forms the lower part of the larynx
DIFFUSION
movement of a gas from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration
DISTAL
farther from the trunk or nearer to the free end of the extremity
DORSALIS PEDIS ARTERY
the artery on the anterior surface of the foot between the first and second metatarsals
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
the complex message and control system that intergrates many body functions, including the release of hormones
EPINEPHRINE
a hormone produced by the adrenal medulla that has a vital role in the function of the sympathetic nervous system
ESOPHAGUS
a collapsible tube that extends from the pharynx to the stomach, contractions of the muscle in the wall of the esophagus propel food and liquids through it to the stomach
FALLOPIAN TUBES
long slender tubes that extend from the uterus to the region of the ovary on the same side and through which the ovum passes from the ovary to the uterus
FEMORAL ARTERY
the principal artery of the thigh, a continuation of the external iliac artery. it supplies blood to the lower abdominal wall, external genitalia and the legs. can be palpated in the groin area
FEMUR
the thighbone- longest and strongest in the body.
GALLBLADDER
a sac on the undersurface of the liver that collects bile from the liver and discharges it into the duodenum through the common bile duct
KIDNEYS
two retroperitoneal organs that excrete the end products of metabolism as urine and regulate the body's salt and water content
LIGAMENT
a band of fibrous tissue that connects bones to bones it supports and strengthens a joint.
LIVER
a large solid organ that lies in the right upper quadrant immediately below the diaphragm, it produces bile stores glucose for immediate use by the body and produces many substances that help regulate immune responses
MANUBRIUM
the upper quarter of the sternum
NOREPINEPHRINE
a neurotransmitter and drug sometimes used in the treatment of shock, produces vasoconstriction through its alpha-stimulator properties
OCCIPUT
the most posterior portion of the cranium
PANCREAS
a flat solid organ that lies below the liver and the stomach- it is a major source of digestive enzymes and produces the hormone insulin
PLASMA
a sticky yellow fluid that carries the blood cells and nutrients and transports cellular waste material to the organs of excretion
PLATELETS
tiny disk-shap elements that are much smaller than cells they are essential in the initial formation of a blood clot.
PONS
an organ that lies below the midbrain and above the medulla and contains numerous important nerve fibers including those for sleep respiration and the medullary respiratory center.
PROSTATE GLAND
a small gland that surrounds the male urethra where it emerges from the urinary bladder- it secretes a fluid that is part of the ejaculatory fluid.
PULMONARY ARTERY
the major artery leading from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs carrying oxygen-poor blood
RETROPERITONEAL
behind the abdominal cavity
ADOLESCENTS
persons 12 - 18 yrs. of age.
CONVENTIONAL REASONING
a type of reasoning in which a child looks for approval from peers and society
FONTANELLES
areas where the infant's skull has not fused together, usually disappear at approximately 18 months of age.