OHS The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography Chapter Twelve Key Terms
Mrs. Clark's AP Human Geography Vocabulary List for Chapter Twelve of Rubenstein's book.
Terms in this set (38)
basic industries sector
Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers outside the settlement.
a geographical economic theory that refers to how the price and demand on real estate changes as the distance towards the Central Business District (CBD) increases. It states that different land users will compete with one another for land close to the city center.
abandoned polluted industrial sites in central cities, many of which are today being cleaned and redeveloped
Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses, including professional, financial, and transportation services
Central Business District
The area of the city where retail and office activities are clustered.
A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area.
Central Place Theory
A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of the market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and further apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel further.
German geographer credited with development central place theory
A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland.
clustered rural settlement
A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement.
Businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers, including retail services and education, health, and leisure services
dispersed rural settlement
A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
A community's collection of basic industries.
A term introduced by American journalist Joel Garreau in order to describe the shifting focus of urbanization in the United States of America, away from the Central Business District toward new loci of economic activity at the urban fringe. These cities are characterized by extensive amounts of office and retail space, few residential areas and modern buildings (less than 30 years old.)
The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the 18th century.
a city that serves as a link between one country or region and others because of its physical situation
The market area surrounding an urban center, which that urban center serves.
market area (or hinterland)
The area surrounding a central place from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services.
City with more than 10 million people
Several, metropolitan areas that were originally separate but that have joined together to form a large, sprawling urban complex.
A large and densely populated urban area
non-basic industries sector
Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community.
The services that provide the well being and personal improvement of individual consumers.
The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Primate City Rule
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Services that primarily help people conduct business.
Services offered by the government to provide security and protection services for citizens and businesses.
range (of a service)
The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service.
A pattern of settlements in a country such that a nth largest settlement in 1/n the population of the largest settlement.
Services that provide goods for sale to consumers.
Any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it.
A permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants.
The extremely poor areas of a city where people do not have proper facilities
a residential district located on the outskirts of a city
The minimum number of people needed to support the service.
transportation and information services
Businesses that diffuse and distribute services
A ranking of settlements (hamlet, village, town, city, metropolis) according to their size and economic functions.
Centers of economic, culture, and political activity that are strongly interconnected and together control the global systems of finance and commerce.