Color Theory (3.1)

STUDY
PLAY
1. Define Color
the general sensation perceived by the mind's eye to the activity and vibration of light
2. Define Hue
The property of a color by which it is distinguished from others
3. The lightness or darkness of a color
Value
4. Another name for intensity of color
Chroma
5. The brightness or dullness of a color
Intensity
6. Name the 3 color Theories
Spectral Color Theory; Prang [Pigment] Color Theory; Colored Illumination
7. The original scientific standard for color was which theory
Spectral Color Theory
8. Name the 7 spectral colors in order
Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet
9. What wavelength of spectral color is the longest
Red
10. Name the primary colors of the Spectral Color Theory
Green, Red, Indigo (blue-purple)
21. Name the secondary colors of the spectral color theory
Yellow, Blue, Violet
13. Which type of illumination (Incandescent or Fluorescent) is high if yellow and low in blue
Incandescent
14. Which type of illumination (incandescent or fluorescent) provides more light for less cost
Fluorescent
15. The quantity or amount of illumination passing throug a transparent color filter in colored illumination is
Brilliance a.k.a. Brightness
16. The primary colors of the additive method of colored illumination
Red, Green, Blue
17. The secondary colors of additive method of colored illumination
Yellow (Red and Green), Magenta (Red and Blue), Blue-green (Blue and Green), White (mixture of all three primary colors)
18. The complement of Red in colored illumination is
blue-green (cyan)
19. The complement of Magenta in colored illumination is
green
20. The complement of Blue in colored illumination is
yellow
22. In spectral color theory, the presence of all light yields
white
23. In spectral color theory, black is represented by
the absence of all color
24. Another name for the Prang color theory
Pigment
25. List problems associated with the Prang color theory
imperfections; range of color is narrower than the range of color in nature; can't produce certain colors such as wood grain, minerals, certain skin colors, blond color; pigment fade or bleach when exposed to sunlight/air; not stable - differ from purchase to purchase
26. The primary colors of the prang color theory
red, yellow, blue
27. The secondary colors of the Prang color theory
orange, green, purple
28. What two primary colors of Prang color theory are used to produce orange
red and yellow
29. What two primary colors of Prang color theory are used to produce green
blue and yellow
30. What two primary colors of Prang color theory are used to produce purple
red and blue
31. The primary colors of the subtractive method of colored illumination
magenta, yellow and blue-green (cyan)
32. The secondary colors of subtractive method of colored illumination
blue, red, and green
33. How are intermediate hues produced in prang color theory
an equal mixture of a primary hue and its adjacent secondary hue
34. How many intermediate hues exist in the Prang color theory
six
35. Define tertiary hues in the prang color theory
those hues produced by an unequal amount of directly opposite hues on the color wheel
36. If warmer colors are dominant on a tertiary color of the Prang color theory, what shade will it be
brown
39. If cooler colors are dominant in a tertiary color of the prang color theory, what shade will it be
gray
37. The complement of an intermediate hue in the Prang Color Theory is always (a primary, a secondary, or an intermediate)
intermediate
40. Another name for advancing hues
Warm
41. Define Juxtaposition
the placement of two hues side by side without mixing
42. Another name for cooler colors in the prang color theory
Receding
43. What is the tint of Yellow, Red, and Blue
yellow becomes ivory, red becomes pink, blue becomes powder blue
45. List shades of Yellow, Red and Blue
yellow becomes mustard, red becomes burgundy, blue becomes navy blue
47. A hue which occurs when progressive quantities of white are added to a pigmentary hue
Tint
49. A hue which occurs when progressive quantities of black are added to a pigmentary hue
Shade
50. A color scheme which utilizes a single hue or similar hues
monochromatic
51. List the 3 related color harmonies
Monochrome, Analogous, Achromatic
52. Define a monochrome related color harmony
a color scheme which uses one color with individual tints, shades and tones of that color
53. A color scheme which makes use of adjacent hues in which there is an identifiable common hue
Analogous
Ex of Analogous color scheme
yellow, yellow-green and yellow-orange
54. Give an example of a monochrome color scheme
yellow, mustard and ivory
55. List some of the hues which may be present in an achromatic color scheme
black, white, grays, silver and gold
57. The term used to describe a hue in which a small amount of gray is mixed with another hue
Tone
uses 2 hues which are not related and not quite complementary, provided the scheme includes one cool and one warm hue - Usually includes a hue which is 1 step away from the complement
Contrasting color scheme
Ex of Contrasting color scheme
yellow and blue-purple
use of two complementary hues including their tints, shades and tones
Complementary color scheme
Ex of Complementary color scheme
yellow mum and purple orchids
uses 4 hues, including two adjacent hues and their respective complements
Double complementary color scheme
Ex of Double complementary color scheme
yellow, yellow-orange, purple and blue-purple
use of 3 hues which include, a base hue and the two hues on each side of its complement
Split complementary color scheme
Ex of Split complementary
blue, yellow-orange and red-orange
use of 4 hues which include the 2 hues on either side of a designated base hue and the complement of each of these hues
Double split complementary color scheme
Ex of Double split complementary
red, green, yellow and purple
a color scheme which uses 3 hues that have 3 hues between each of the hues
Triad color scheme
Ex of Triad color scheme
yellow-green, blue-purple and red-orange
a color scheme which uses 4 hues that have 2 hues between each of the hues
Tetrad color scheme
Ex of Tetrad color scheme
yellow, blue-green, purple and red-orange