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chp. 15 questions.
Terms in this set (17)
How do psychotherapy, biomedical therapy, and an eclectic approach to therapy differ?
psychotherapy is treatment involving psychological techniques; it consist of interactions between a trained therapist and someone you can to overcome psychological difficulties where achieve personal growth. The major psychotherapies derive from psychologies psychodynamic, humanistic, behavioral, and Cognitive perspectives. Biomedical therapy treat psychological disorders with medications or procedures act directly on a patient's physiology. An eclectic approach combines techniques from various forms of therapy.
What are the goals and techniques psycho analyst, and how have they been adapted in psychodynamic therapy?
Through psychoanalysts, Sigmund Freud tried to get people self insight and relief from their disorders by printing anxiety Laden feelings and thoughts into conscious awareness. Psycho analytic techniques included using free association and interpretation instances of resistance and transference. Differs from it in many ways, including the lack of belief in id, ego, and superago. This contemporary therapy briefer, less expensive, and most focus on helping the client find relief from current symptoms. Psychodynamic therapist helped client understand have a past relationships create themes that may be acted out the present relationship.
What are the basic themes of humanistic therapy, and what are specific goals and techniques of Rogers client centered approach
both psycho analytic and humanistic therapists are insight therapies they tend to improve functioning increasing clients awareness of motives and defenses. humanistic therapy goals have include helping clients grow in self awareness and self acceptance; promoting personal growth rather then curing illness; helping clients take responsibilities for their own growth; focusing on conscious thoughts father day on conscious motivations; and seeing the present And future as more important than the past. Carl Rogers client centered therapy propose that therapist most important contributions are the functions as a cycle logical mirror active active listening and to provide a growth fostering environments of unconditional positive regard, characterized by genuineness, Acceptance, and empathy.
How do the basic assumption of behavior therapy differ from their assumptions of psychodynamic and humanistic therapies? What techniques are used to expose therapies adverse if conditioning?
Behavior therapies are not inside therapies. Their goal is to apply learning principles to modify problem behaviors. Classical conditioning techniques, including exposure therapies ended versus conditioning, Attempt to change behaviors to counterconditioning - evoking new responses to old stimuli to trigger unwanted behavior.
What is the basic idea operant conditioning therapy, and what arguments has been used for and against it?
Therapy based on opera conditioning principles use behavior modification techniques to change unwanted behaviors to positively reinforce desired behaviors and ignoring or punished undesirable behaviors. Critics maintain that one techniques such as those used in token economy's may produce behavior changes that disappear when rewards end, and two deciding which behaviors should change is authoritarian and unethical. proponents Arcata treatment with positive rewards is more humane them punishing people or institutionalizing then for undesirable behaviors.
What are the goals and techniques of cognitive therapy in the cognitive behavioral therapy?
The cognitive therapy such as Aaron Beck's cognitive therapy for depression, it seems that our thinking influences our feelings, and that therapist role is to change client self-defeating thinking by training them to view themselves in a more positive ways. Rational emotive behavior therapy is a confrontational cognitive therapy that, actively changes irrational beliefs. The widely research and practice cognitive behavioral theory combines cognitive therapy and behavior therapy for helping clients regularly act out their new ways of thinking and talking in their everyday life.
Where are the aims and benefits of group and family therapy?
Group therapy sessions can help more people and costs less per person individual therapy board. Clients may benefit from exploring feelings in developing social skills in a group situation, From learning that others may have similar problems, and from getting feedback on new ways of behaving. Family therapy views a family as an interactive system and attempts to help members discover their roles they play and to learn to communicate more openly and directly.
Does psychotherapy work? Who decides?
Clients and therapist positive testimonials cannot provide that psychotherapy is actually effective and the placebo effect makes it difficult to judge whether improvement occurred because of the treatment using meta-analsys to statically combine the results of hundreds of randomized psychotherapy outcome studies, researchers have found that those not undergoing treatment often improved but those undergoing psychotherapy are most likely to improve more quickly, And less chance of relapse.
Are some psychotherapist more effective than others for specific disorders?
No one type of psychotherapy is gently superior to all others. Therapy is most effective for those with clear-cut, specific problems. Some therapies such as behavior conditioning for treating phobias and compulsions are most effective for specific disorders. Psychodynamic therapy has been effective for depression and anxiety, cognitive cognitive cognitive and cognitive behavioral therapies happen effective in copying with anxiety, PTSD, And depression. Evidence-based practice integrates the best available research with clients expertise in patient characteristics, preferences, and circumstances.
How do alternative therapies fair under scientific scrutiny?
Abnormal states tend to return to normal on their own, and the placebo effect can create the impression that the treatment has been effective. These two tendencies complicate assessment alternative therapies. EMDR has shown some effectiveness not from the eye movement but rather from the exposure therapy nature of the treatments. Light exposure therapy does seem to relieve the symptoms of seasonal affective disorder by activating the brains region the influences of arousal and hormones.
What three elements are shared by all forms of psychotherapy?
All psychotherapies offering new hope for the demoralizing; a fresh perspective; and an empathetic, trusting, and caring relationship. The emotional bond of trust and understanding between therapist and client the therapeutic alliance is the important element in effective therapy.
How do culture and values influence the therapist client relationships?
Therapist different values the influencer goals in therapy and their views of progress. These differences may create problems therapist and clients differ in their cultural and religious perspectives.
What should a person look for when selecting a therapist?
A person seeking therapy me want to ask about therapists treatment approach, values, credentials, and fees. An important consideration is whether their the fair PC care feels comfortable and able to establish a bond with the therapist.
What are the drug therapies? How did the blind studies help researchers evaluate a drug effectiveness?
Psychopharmacology, the study of drugs effects on the mind and behavior, has helped make drug therapy the most widely used biomedical therapy. The type of drugs that the industry uses is antipsychotic drugs, anti-anxiety drugs, antidepressant drugs Studies may use a double blind procedure to avoid the placebo effect and researchers bias.
How are brains stimulations and psychosurgery used in treating specific disorders?
ECT, in which a brief electric current is sensitive brain of an anesthetized patient, last resort treatment for cello depressed people who have no respond it to other therapy. Newer alternative treatments for fagus nerve stimulation, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and, in preliminary client experiments, deeper installation that calms an over active brain region linked to negative emotions. Psychosurgery removes or destroys brain tissues in hopes of modifying behavior radical psycho surgical procedure such as lobotomy where once popular but nearest surgeons now rarely performed a brain surgery to change behavior or moods. Brain surgery is a last resort treatment because it affected effects are irreversible
Well, my people find some relief from depression, and how does this reflect are being biopsychosocial system?
Depressed people who undergo a program of your robotic exercise, adequate sleep, light exposure, social engagement, negative thought reduction, and better nutrition often gain some relief Perry in our integrated biopsychosocial system, stress effects our body chemistry and health; Chemical imbalance can reduce depression; in social support And other lifestyle changes can lead to relieve of symptoms.
What is the rationale for preventative mental health programs?
Preventative mental health programs are based on the idea that many psychological disorders could be prevented by changing oppressive, esteemed destroying environments into more been benevolent, nurturing environments that foster growth, self-confidence, and we look resilience. Struggling with challenges can lead to posttraumatic growth. Community psychologist are often active in preventive mental health programs.
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