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EDUC 125 Exam Ch 7-12
Terms in this set (120)
Which of the following legislative acts withheld federal funds from schools that discriminated against students based on race, color, or national origin?
Civil Rights Act of 1964
The beginning of public high school was marked by the opening of the
English Classical School in 1821
"Boarding 'round" was a practice in the 18th century involving
teachers living with student families for about a week at a time
Which of the following phrases best describes the purpose of normal schools?
to provide formal training for teachers
The first compulsory education law in the New World was the
Massachusetts Act of 1642
Which of the following did not result from the publication of A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform?
renewed attention to education
Which of the following was included in the New England Primer?
-spelling guide based on the alphabet denoted in brief rhymes and pictures
-list of books of the Bible
The "Schoolmaster of the Republic" who published the American Spelling Book was
Which of the following statements best describes the Puritans' view of education?
memorization of Scripture and the practice of biblical principles were more important than academic subjects
The legistlative act that called for strengthening of science, math, and foreign language programs was the
National Defense Education Act of 1958
Brown vs. Board of Education was a court ruling that
declared that segregating children based solely on race was wrong and illegal
All of the following describe the Franklin Academy except
instruction offered in Latin
All of the following are basic principles of progressive education except
core subjects should be emphasized
Which of the following educators established a school in Florida to train female African American teachers?
Mary McLeod Bethune
The purpose of the Black Codes was to
prohibit the education of slaves
Prudence Crandall was best known for her work with
African American children
All of the following are true about the first colonial schools except
they were equally attended by girls and boys
Which of the following legislative acts divided federally owned wilderness land into townships and required the building of schools?
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
All of the following were objections to the idea of common schools except
they provide avenues for social and economic mobility
Town schools were created to
give slaves the opportunity to learn to read and write
A teacher's philosophy of education is all of the following except
a static document that never changes
The most prominent of all the proponents of progressivism was
Which philosophy is least likely to give students choices?
Which of the following describe Maria Montessori's beliefs about early childhood education?
children are capable of integrating aspects of the world around them through the use of their senses
All of the following educators were major proponents of social reconstructionism except
Which of the following best defines philosophy?
-basic beliefs, conscious and unconscious
-a living dynamic part of who we are
Which of the following educators established Summerhill School in England that emphasized learning by discovery?
Which of the following educators established Summerhill School in England that emphasized learning by discovery?
The philosophy that seeks to change society rather than just teach about it is
A teacher who primarily facilitates, coaches, and encourages likely has an anchor philosophy of
The philosophy that grew out of a sense that those in power control those who don't have power is
Which philosophy says that education is more than preparation for life, it's life itself?
Proponents of romanticism believe all of the following except
there should be a balance of power among all people
Which of the following approaches to teaching is considered teacher-centered?
What enters into every decision a teacher makes?
Picking and choosing among the components of several philosophies to create an individual philosophy is referred to as
an eclectic approach
The only way to know anything is through the study of the material world is espoused by
Which philosophy is least likely to initiate service-learning?
All of the following are beliefs of progressivists except
the curriculum should be unchanging with no choices or electives
All of the following are student-centered approaches to teaching except
At Carver Middle School, rules are paramount and are taken very seriously. The curriculum focuses on a traditional core of classes, and the teachers focus heavily on standards and testing. Which philosophy of education is being demonstrated at Carver Middle School?
All of the following are signs of physical abuse except
the child encourages interaction with adults
Data shows that substance abuse has increased for all of the following except
All of the following are examples of bullying except
disagreeing with a classmate
Overall, the statistics show that the level of substance abuse in children and teenagers is
According to the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System, approximately how many children were victims of abuse in 2011?
Students who are depressed are
twice as likely to commit suicide as those who aren't
Which of the following is a sign of neglect?
lacking sufficient clothing for the weather
Members of a student's community include
family, teachers, administration, neighbors, etx
Nonattendance of compulsory education is called
Which legislative act requires schools that receive federal funding to actively prevent bullying and to respond to all instances of it?
Safe and Drug Free Schools Act of 2004
All of the following are ways that students are different
Which of the following is the most common form of violence in schools?
Overall, since 1960, the teen birth rate has
About what percentage of the homeless population is comprised of families?
What percentage of K-12 students are children of immigrants?
All of the following are steps to confronting racism except
remaining silent in an effort not to offend students
Approximately what percentage of American children will live in households that make use of food stamps at some time in their first 18 years?
If a teachers suspects a student is suicidal, she should
be willing to listen, not lecture
All of the following are examples of discrimination except
giving children opportunities to explore their own identities
Approximately what percentage of high school seniors report consuming more than just a trial tase of alcohol?
The First Amendment to the Constitution guarantees all of the following except
the right of due process
Ethical teachers shall do all of the following except
put standardized test scores ahead of other considerations
Mr. Smith has a strong ability to put himself mentally in the place of others in order to appreciate a variety of perspectives. Which characteristic of ethical decisions is he demonstrating?
The rights of students to wear armbands to protest the Vietnam War was upheld in
Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District
For a school employee to be considered liable for something, which of the following must be proven to be present?
1- the person has a legal duty to protect students
2- the person fails to act within reason and provide the appropriate standard of care
3-there is a casual connection between the person's conduct and the result of injury
4- actual damage occurs to the injured person
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 requires schools to
establish curricular standards
Which of the following legislative acts allows parents and guardians access to their students' academic records and requires written parental permission for the records to be shared with anyone else?
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974
Which amendment to the Constitution protects citizens from unreasonable search and seizure?
An ethical teacher
-is guided by a set of beliefs that leads to attitudes and actions focused on what's best for students
-taking the high road and behaving professionally
Which of the following scenarios best describes Murray v. Pittsburgh Board of Education?
teacher may not use instructional strategy considered unorthodox by school board
The policy of courts to use preceding court decisions in deciding future cases of a similar nature is called
Issues that are addressed by state and local laws and policies include all of the following except
freedom of speech
Teachers may be dismissed from their positions for all of the following except
having a homosexual relationship with another adult
The procedures of due process generally require all of the following except
the teacher must be given a severance package
Continuing contract status is known as
A work is considered in the public domain if it
is more than 75 years old or published by a government agency
According to an AAUW survey, about what percent of eighth and eleventh-grade students experienced sexual harassment?
Teaching contracts typically include all of the following except
recent test scores
Which of the following court cases deals with freedom of expression?
Pickering v. Board of Education
The difference (or similarity) between laws and ethics is
ethics tell us what we should do and shouldn't do, while laws tell us what we can and can't do
The Dale County school district includes four elementary schools that move into two middle schools, and then onto Dale County High School. This is an example of a
The primary source of local funding for schools is
What percentage of public school revenues comes from federal sources?
less than 10%
Ms. Thomas is the principal of Howard Middle School. She is interested in instituting site-based management at her school. Which of the following would not be a strategy that Ms. Thomas would use in her school?
dictate rules and policies without a collaborative effort
In addition to instruction costs, common education expenditures include
all of the above are common expenditures
Responsibilities of state legislators include all of the following except
determining curriculum standards and accountability
All of the following are true about principals except
they are expected to both advise the school board and carry out board policies
The person responsible for appointing the state's chief education officer as well as members of the state board of education in some states is the
The state department of education addresses all of the following except
how state chief officers of education and state board members are selected
The institution that generally consists of volunteer members who set policies for the operation of schools is the
district school board
All of the following are examples of categorical grants except
No Child Left Behind Act
The act most closely associated with educational funding under the Obama administration is
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
Approximately what percentage of the U.S. government budget goes to public education?
Mr. Parsons and Ms. Beck are interested in starting a new charter school. To which organization should they go for approval?
state department of education
State money for schools is raised through
-state income tax
-state corporate tax
-state sales tax
A state department of education operates under the guidance of the
state board of education
District school board responsibilities include all of the following except
making decisions about how state funds are allocated
Children of poverty require
about 40% more spending than students of average socioeconomic status
The person in charge of the the bureaucracy that is usually centralized in the state's capital city, and travels throughout the state as the acknowledged authority on how schools operate is the
State boards of education
establish the standards by which schools are accredited
According to a survey of new teachers, most report feeling most prepared to do the following
teach all students
Early field experiences are generally devoted to
Which of the following is a potential parental barrier to family involvement?
educational background barriers
Some ways of involving families in education include
-parent volunteer opportunities include materials preparation and working with students who may need extra help
-parent-student-teacher events, such as family math night and career exploration workshops
-student performances, such as chorus and band concerts, sports events, and club activities
According to a survey of new teachers, most report feeling least prepared to do the following:
develop interdisciplinary curriculum
Which of the following are common teacher education courses that are part of a teacher preparation program?
Each of the following are guidelines for parent-student-teacher conferences except
use educational jargon as much as possible
Which kind of relationship would be the opposite of a congenial relationship?
All of the following are methods for communicating with families except
Which of the following is a potential teacher barrier to parental involvement?
lack of effort
What is another term for a cohesive package of representative products?
A negative observation that a prospective teacher may observe in a field experience is
Which statement is not true about performance-based pay?
we know how to measure teacher effectiveness
Teachers who take responsibility for student learning
model respect and enthusiasm
One of the best ways to learn how to become comfortable with parent conferences is to
sit in on conferences conducted by experienced teachers
Another term for student teaching is
the capstone internship
Which of the following is a tip for making the most of phone calls to parents?
ask if the parent has a few minutes to talk
According to the text, who should student teachers confide in during their experience?
another clinical intern
someone you trust
Teacher study groups
are a means of building professional, collegial communities within schools
Each of the following is a core belief of the NBPTS except
teachers are committed to monitoring student behavior
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