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87 terms

Pathology II- Ex 3 diseases of the digestive and lymphatic system

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gingivitis
inflammation and infection of the gums due to the long-term effects of plaque
pharyngitis
inflammation of the pharynx, results in a sore throat
esophagitis
inflammation of the esophagus, caused by gastroesophageal reflux
gastritis
inflammation of the stomach lining
entertitis
inflammation of the intestine caused by microoorganisms
colitis
inflammation of the large intestine
appendicitis
inflammation of the appendix, can be potentially fatal
hemorrhiods
piles, inflamed veins around the anus or lower rectum
hepatitis
inflammation of the liver
cirrhosis
chronic, dengenerative disorder of the liver
cholecystitis
inflammation of the gall bladder
cholelithiasis
formation of gallstones and an inflammatory disorder of the gallbladder
calculi
gallstones
cholangitis
inflammation of the bile duct
pancreatitis
inflammatory process resulting in autolysis of the pancreas, that is the pancreas is digested by its own enzymes
peritonitis
inflammation of the peritoneum, the membrane that lines the walls of the abdomen and covers the abdominal organs
diverticulitis
inflammation of the diverticula, small sacs in the wall of the colon
inflammatory/degenerative
gingivitis; pharyngitis; esphagitis; gastritis; entertitis; colitis; appendicitis; hemorrhoids; hepatitis; cirrhosis; cholecystitis; cholelithiasis; cholangitis; pancreatitis; peritonitis; diverticulitis
genetic/ developmental
pyloric stenosis; hernia
hyperplasia; neoplasia
polyp(s); colon/rectal carcinoma
obstruction
stenosis; volvulus; intussusception; adhesions
pyloric stenosis
accumulation of scar tissue in the pyloric region on the stomach which narrows the opening through which the food passes into the small intestines
hernia
abnormal protrusion of part of an organ through an abnormal opening in the wall that normally contains it
polyp
benign tumors of vascular organs with pedicle (to supply blood)
colon/rectal carcinoma
if begins in colon or rectum, when it affects either of these portions of the large intestine called colorectal cancer
stenosis
scar tissue formation that narrows the opening
volvulus
intestines twists on itself (can cause obstruction, gangrene, peritonitis)
intussusception
one part of the intestines slips into a previous segment
adhesion
a fubrous band holding parts together that are normally separated, occurs as part of the healing process after injury
stomatitis
inflammation of the mouth and may result from such things as trauma, chemical irritation, burns, tobacco, etch
stomatitis
appthous stomatitis; thrush
apthous stomatitis
forms at the base of the gums, lips, and cheeks, commonly referred to as a "chanker sore":
thursh
monillasis
thrush
infection of the mouth caused by candida albicans
glossitis
inflammation of the tongue
tonsillitis
inflammation of the tonsils, caused to streptococcus organisms
peptic ulcer
occurs in the stomach and duodenum, eroded tissue may perforate, causing hemorrhage, may lead to pyloric stenosis
proctitis
inflammation of the rectum
diverticulosis
pouch-like structures, whihc protrude into the walls of the intestines
hernia
abdominal; inguinal; umbilical; hiatal
adominal
type of hernia where the abdominal wall splits from weakness
inguinal
type of hernia that occurs in the groin area
umbilical
type of hernia that affects ususally infants, due to imperfect closure of the abdominal wall
hiatal
type of hernia where stomach goes through the diaphragm at the espohageal sphincter, the main danger with this hernia is the fact that the blodd supply to the intestines may be pinched off, resulting in necrosis and gangrene.
hepititis
types A, B, or C
type A
infectious hepititis
type B
serum hepititis
type C
non A/non B
cirrhosis
hardening of the liver, hepatic cells turn into scares, often associated with chronic alcoholism, could also result from drugs or toxins
cirrhosis
jaundice
ascites
edema
conditions considered to be complications, related to:
edema
fluid built up anywhere in the body, aka anasarca
jaundice
increased bilirubin (bile pigment) building up in the tissues
ascites
fluid or edema in the periotneum (abdominal cavity)
postmortem conditions (digestive)
ascities, dehydration, emaciation, rapid decomposition, rapid coagulation of blood, jaundice, edema; hemorrhage; purge; distention
lymphatic system
comprised of vessles similar to the blood system
one
how many directions does the lyphatic fluid flow in?
body
lymph tissues are present throughout the:
tonsillitis
inflammation of the tonsils caused by an infection; can be contagious, spread through direct contact with throat or nasal fluids, previously treated by removal of tonsils, now treated with antibiotics
lymphangitis
inflammatory disorder of the lymph vessels, characterised by local and systemic pain, commonly results from bacterial infection of the skin
splenomegaly
enlargement of the spleen beyond its normal size, rupture is possible
lyphadenopathy
enlargement of the lymph nodes caused by proliferation of lymphocytes and leukocytes within the nodes or presence of a tumor in the node
lymphoma (Hodgkin's)
canger of the lympathic system contianing Reed Sternburg cells, malignant nonfunctional form of B lymphocytes, B cells should produce antibodies that guide the immune system in defense of invaiding bacteria.
lymphoma (non-hodgkin's)
collection of many varied lymphomas; no Reed- Sternburg cells
postmortem conditions (lymphatic)
edema, emaciation, dehydration, metastasis
gastritis
inflammation of the stomach is called:
stenosis
the narrowing of the esophagus is called
hepatitis
inflammation of the liver is called:
choleliths
caculi that form within the kidney are called:
pancreatitis
inflammation of the pancreas is called:
peritonitis
inflammation of the lining of the abdomen is called:
stomatitis
imflammation of the mouth is called:
glossitis
inflammation of the tounge is called:
proctitis
inflammation of the rectum is called:
gingivitis
inflammation of the gums is called:
hemorrhoids
variscosity of the veins around the rectum is a condition known as:
enteritis
inflammation of the small intestine is called:
colitis
inflammation of the large intestine is called:
cirrhoisis
the following are postmortem conditions of what disease?
jaundice
ascities
edema
cholecystitis
inflammation of the gall bladder is called:
volvulus
a twisting of a segment of intestine is konwn as:
colitis
a disease that may be attributed to nervous tension is:
cholelithiasis
the formation of calculi in the gall bladder is called:
small intestine
enteritis is associated with which of the following:
cirrhosis
the name for the chronic end-stage of liver disease whereing the functional cells of the liver are replaced by a lower form of cells is
jaundice
excess bilirubin in teh blood
polyp
a benign stalked growth commonly found on the mucous membranes is
digestive system
appendicitis is a disease of the