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attaches to the sides of the the spinous processes and runs up and down connecting them all
known as primary curves because you are born with these, thoracic, sacral, and coccygeal
2 joints of the vertebral column
Diarthrosis(synovial)--which involve the articular processes of the vertebrae, and the costal joints
2 parts of the intervertebral disc
anulus fibrosus--the outer part
nucleus pulposus which is the inner softer gelatinous portion that shrinks and is a remnant of the notochord
Remember the ligaments that are a part of this joint are the anterior and posterior longitudinal ligaments
3 synovial joints in the vertebral column
zygapophyseal--ligaments-->supraspinous, interspinous, ligamentum flavum and intertransverse
Termination of the spinal cord
the end is known as the CONUS MEDULLARIS, usually ends between L1 and L2 but can be T12 to L3.
2 enlarments of the spinal cord
Lumbar enlargement (L1 to S4) which is after the conus meduallaris
both happen in order to innervate the extremities (upper and lower)
Collection of dorsal and ventral roots of the lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal spinal nerves, they start below the conus medullaris and exit their respective intervertebral foramina
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