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61 terms

Pathogen and Diseases

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Bordetella pertussis
Bacteria; Whooping cough
Borrelia burgdorferi
Bacteria; Lyme disease, relapsing fever
Campylobacter jejuni
Bacteria; Dysentery, Campylobacter
Chlamydia trachomatis
Bacteria; Urethritis (nongonococcal), Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Clostridium difficile
Bacteria; Diarrhea, nosocomial
Clostridium perfringens
Bacteria; Gas gangrene, C. perfringens gastroenteritis
Coxiella burnetti
Bacteria; Q Fever
Enterobacter spp.
Bacteria; Nosocomial pneumonia and wound infections
Enterococcus spp. (faecalis, faecium)
Bacteria; Most common cause of surgical wound infections, nosocomial sepsis
Escherichia coli
Bacteria; Gastroenteritis, enterotoxigenic, enteroinvasive, and enterohemorrhagic; Traveler's diarrhea/Montezuma's revenge. Nosocomial pneumonia and wound infections
Haemophilus influenzae
Bacteria; Meningitis, bacteremia, epiglottitis, or pneumonia
Helicobacter pylori
Bacteria; Ulcer (Gastric and duodenal), stomach cancer
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Bacteria; Pneumonia, most common cause of surgical wound infections
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Bacteria; Nosocomial pneumonia and wound infections, dermatitis, otitis externa, urinary tract infections, burns; can cause septicemia, abscesses, and meningitis
Rickettsia rickettsii
Bacteria; Rocky Mountain spotted fever
Salmonella enterica
Bacteria; Food Poisoning (Salmonellosis)
Shigella sonnei
Bacteria; Dysentery (Shigellosis)
Staphylococcus aureus (coagulase + beta hemolytic)
Bacteria; Most common cause of nosocomial pneumonia, MRSA accounts for 52.3% of S. aureus nosocomial infections. Also causes boils (furuncles), carbuncles (abscesses), acute bacterial endocarditis, folliculitis, food poisoning, impetigo, otitis media, pimples, scalded skin syndrome, sties, and toxic shock syndrome
Staphylococcus epidermidis (coagulase - no beta hemolysis)
Bacteria; Most important cause of nosocomial sepsis. May also cause acute bacterial endocarditis.
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Bacteria; Pneumonia (pneumococcal), Meningitis (pneumococcal), otitis media; Nosocomial pneumonia and wound infections
Streptococcus pyogenes (group A beta-hemolytic streptococci)
Bacteria; Strep throat (may be accompanied by scarlet fever or rheumatic fever), impetigo, otitis media, and erysipelas.)
Also causes pneumonia, bacteremia in association with cutaneous infection, deep soft-tissue infection - cellulitis, myositis, necrotizing fascitis, meningitis, peritonitis, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, puerperal fever, neonatal sepsis, and nonfocal bacteremia
Treponema pallidum
Bacteria; Syphilis
Vibrio cholerae
Bacteria; Gastroenteritis, Vibrio Non-O:1
Yersinia pestis
Bacteria; Bubonic Plague
Aspergillus flavus
Fungus; Aflatoxin poisoning may contribute to cirrhosis and liver cancer, also may cause serious respiratory infections
Blastomyces dermatidis
Fungus; Blastomycosis - respiratory infection resembles bacterial pneumonia, may spread from lungs, causing severe abscesses
Candida albicans
Fungus; Opportunistic. Usually affects mucous membranes or moist areas of skin. Thrush is infection of oral mucosae. Vaginitis is infection of vaginal mucosae
Coccidiodies immitis
Fungus; Coccidioidomycosis - progressive disease resembles T.B.
Cryptococcus neoformans
Fungus; Cryptococcosis - severe meningitis
Histoplasma capsulatum
Fungus; Histoplasmosis - respiratory, usually subclinical, resembles T.B. if progressive
Ascaris lumbricoides
Helminth; Ascariasis
Echinonococcus granulosus
Helminth; Hydatid disease
Necator americanus
Helminth; Hookworms
Schistosoma sp.
Helminth; Schistomiasis
Taenia saginata (beef)
Helminth; Tapeworm infection
Prion
Prion; Spongiform encephalitis
Cryptosporidium parvum
Protozoa; Dysentery: Cryptosporidiosis
Entamoeba histoltica
Protozoa; Dysentery: Amoebiasis
Giardia intestinalis (lamblia)
Protozoa; Dysentery: Giardiasis
Leshmania sp.
Protozoa; Leshmaniasis
Naegleria fowleri
Protozoa; Meningoencephalitis
Plasmodium sp. (P.falciparum, P. vivax, P. malariae, P. ovale)
Protozoa; Malaria
Toxoplasma gondii
Protozoa; Toxoplasmosis
Trichomonas vaginalis
Protozoa; Trichomoniasis (vaginitis)
Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, T.b. gambiense
Protozoa; African trypanosomiasis
Trypanosoma cruzi
Protozoa; Chagas' disease, American trypanosomiasis
Ebola virus (a filovirus)
Virus; Hemorrhagic fever, viral
Epstein-Barr virus (HHV-4)
Virus; Infectious mononucleosis, Burkitt's lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma
Hepatitis A virus
Virus; Hepatitis, infectious
Hepatitis C virus
Virus; Hepatitis, serum
Herpes simplex 1
Virus; Cold Sores, may cause genital herpes depending on transmission
Influenza virus
Virus; Influenza: Types A, B, and C. Segmented genome allows extensive recombination leading to antigenic changes. Transmitted by inhalation, infects respiratory mucosa, allows secondary bacterial infections to occur after epithelial denudation
Lassa fever virus
Virus; Hemorrhagic fever, viral; Lassa Fever
Marburg virus (a filovirus)
Virus; Hemorrhagic fever, viral
Measles virus
Virus; Red measles (rubeola), Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis
Papillomavirus spp.
Virus; Warts, including genital warts
Rotavirus
Virus; Gastroenteritis
Rubivirus
Virus; Rubella (German Measles), Congenital rubella syndrome
Varicella zoster (HHV-3)
Virus; Chicken Pox (varicella), Shingles (herpes-zoster)
Variola major
Virus; Smallpox, (pox - vesicopustular skin eruptions)
Yellow Fever Virus (Flavivirus, an arbovirus)
Virus; Hemorrhagic fever, viral; Yellow Fever