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Enterococcus spp. (faecalis, faecium)
Bacteria; Most common cause of surgical wound infections, nosocomial sepsis
Bacteria; Gastroenteritis, enterotoxigenic, enteroinvasive, and enterohemorrhagic; Traveler's diarrhea/Montezuma's revenge. Nosocomial pneumonia and wound infections
Bacteria; Nosocomial pneumonia and wound infections, dermatitis, otitis externa, urinary tract infections, burns; can cause septicemia, abscesses, and meningitis
Staphylococcus aureus (coagulase + beta hemolytic)
Bacteria; Most common cause of nosocomial pneumonia, MRSA accounts for 52.3% of S. aureus nosocomial infections. Also causes boils (furuncles), carbuncles (abscesses), acute bacterial endocarditis, folliculitis, food poisoning, impetigo, otitis media, pimples, scalded skin syndrome, sties, and toxic shock syndrome
Staphylococcus epidermidis (coagulase - no beta hemolysis)
Bacteria; Most important cause of nosocomial sepsis. May also cause acute bacterial endocarditis.
Bacteria; Pneumonia (pneumococcal), Meningitis (pneumococcal), otitis media; Nosocomial pneumonia and wound infections
Streptococcus pyogenes (group A beta-hemolytic streptococci)
Bacteria; Strep throat (may be accompanied by scarlet fever or rheumatic fever), impetigo, otitis media, and erysipelas.)
Also causes pneumonia, bacteremia in association with cutaneous infection, deep soft-tissue infection - cellulitis, myositis, necrotizing fascitis, meningitis, peritonitis, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, puerperal fever, neonatal sepsis, and nonfocal bacteremia
Fungus; Aflatoxin poisoning may contribute to cirrhosis and liver cancer, also may cause serious respiratory infections
Fungus; Blastomycosis - respiratory infection resembles bacterial pneumonia, may spread from lungs, causing severe abscesses
Fungus; Opportunistic. Usually affects mucous membranes or moist areas of skin. Thrush is infection of oral mucosae. Vaginitis is infection of vaginal mucosae
Fungus; Histoplasmosis - respiratory, usually subclinical, resembles T.B. if progressive
Epstein-Barr virus (HHV-4)
Virus; Infectious mononucleosis, Burkitt's lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma
Virus; Influenza: Types A, B, and C. Segmented genome allows extensive recombination leading to antigenic changes. Transmitted by inhalation, infects respiratory mucosa, allows secondary bacterial infections to occur after epithelial denudation
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