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home maintenance, professional products

To ensure the client has the knowledge necessary to care for their hair properly between salon visits, it is our responsibilty to educate them on ____________ and ____________.

client consultation

The first step in the hairstyling process should always be a

finger waving

Shaping and directing the hair into an S formation using a comb, lotion, and the fingers is called

waving lotion

Hair gel that makes the hair pliable, keeps it in place, and is made of karaya gum is

heavy side

When creating finger waves with a side part, you should begin on the

sideways and parallel around the head

In creating horizontal finger waves, the waves are placed _______ and _______ the head.

stationary foundation

The base of a pin curl is it's

direction and movement

The stem of a pin curl gives the curl its ________ and ________.


The stem of the pin curl is the part that determines

no-stem pin curl

Pin curls that produce tight, firm, long-lasting curls and allow for minimum mobility are

open end

Pin curls formed in a shaping should begin at the

open center curls

Smooth waves and uniform curls are produced by

counterclockwise curls

Pin curls formed in the opposite direction of the hands of a clock are


Pin curl bases are referred to as rectangular, triangular, square, or

prevent breaks or splits

Triangular base pin curls are used along the front or facial hairline to


Creating tension by forcing hair between the thumb and back of a comb when making pin curls is called

carved curls

Pin curls sliced from a shaping and formed wihtout lifting the hair from the head are

skip waves

Two rows of ridge curls placed on the side of a head are

cascade curls

Pin curls that allow the hair to flow upward and downward are called stand-up curls or


Barrel curls are similar to a roller, but do not have the same


The panel of hair on which a roller is placed is the


Hair between the scalp and the first turn of a roller is the


For a roller set where little or no volume is required, the rollers should be placed


The point where curls of opposite directions meet forming a recessed area is

hair breakage

The metal edge of roller clips placed at an angle against the hair can cause


Combing small sections of hair from the ends toward the scalp creating a cushion or base is


To smooth hair that is back-combed, the teeth of the comb or brush should be held at a ____ angle.

not lifted

When wrapping hair, very llittle volume will be attained provided the hair at the scalp is


The nozzle attachment used in blow-drying to create a steady stream of air is the


The tool attachment used to dry hair softly and accentuate the textural definition is a

smooth surface

Teeth on a styling comb that are closely spaced remove curl definition and create a

heat resistant and antistatic

Classic styling brushes having rows of round-tipped nylon bristles should be ___________ and ________.

vent brush

An ideal brush for blow-drying fine hair quickly and adding lift to the scalp area is a

styling gel

A thickened liquid styling tool, spread with fingers, that creates the strongest control and distinct texture definition is


A styling aid that holds fine hair with little or no heaviness is

straightening gel

A styling aid applied to damp wavy or curly hair to create a straight look when hair is blow-dried is

45-degree angle

When blow-drying with a round brush, maximum lift is achieved by inserting the brush on base and directing the section up at a

nape to crown

When using a concentrator to blow-dry straight or wavy hair, build the shape working from ______ to ______.

thermal curling

Waving and curling straight or pressed hair using special manipulative techniques on dry hair is

barrel and shell

The basic parts of a thermal iron are the rod handle, shell handle, _______ and ______.

inner edge

The edge of a beveled flat iron that is nearest the stylist is the


To remove dirt, oils, and product residue from the barrel of a thermal iron, use a dampened towel with a soapy solution containing a few drops of

a nonflammable substance

Combs used with thermal iron should be about 7 inches long and made of

full-base curl

In thermal curling, hair is held at a 125-degree angle with medium tension and the curl is placed in the center if its base is a

completely off base

A type of thermal curl with only slight lift or volume can be achieved by using a 70-degree angle and rolling hair

hair pressing

A technique used to temporarily straighten extremely curly or unruly hair until the hair is shampooed is

hard press

Applying a thermal pressing comb through the hair twice on each side to remove curl is

diameter and feel

Variations in hair texture are defined by the ________ and _____ of the hair.

compact cuticle layer

Pressing wiry or curly hair requires more heat and pressure due to the

scalp massage

A tight scalp can be made more flexible with hair brushing and the systematic use of

piece of light paper

The temperature of pressing combs should be tested on a

pressing oil

To prevent the smoking or burning off of hair during the pressing treatment, avoid excessive

balance and proportion

When executing an updo, always inspect the shape you are building from every angle to determine ________ and ________.

hair spray

A styling product available in a variety of strengths applied in the form of a mist to hold a style in position is

spiral curl

A method of curling hair by winding a strand around a rod is a(n)

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