History Chapter 12
Terms in this set (40)
how did nationalism contribute to the start of ww1
1) tendency for countries to act in their own national interest. 2) diverse ethnic populations, longing for enthnic minority often led to violence.
which countries were known as the allies? which countries were known as the central powers?
CENTRAL POWERS- Germany and Austria-hungary
ALLIES- Russia, France, Serbia, and Great Britain.
what were two causes of stalemate in the west?
both sides fortified with trenches, and both sides were of equal strength and numbers
what was the main reason that the us stayed neutral at the start of ww1?
President Wilson wanted to protect American investments.
policy which involves aggressively building up a nation's armed forces in preparation for war and giving the military more authority over the government and foreign policy.
A situation in which neither side in conflicts able to gain advantage
info to sway public oppinion
what were the main causes of ww1
describe the first three months of the war in europe in your own words.
trench warfare mud
a telegram sent by Germany's foreign secretary in 1917 to Mexican officials proposing an alliance with Mexico and promising the us territory if Mexico declared war on us
why did germany's use of u boats lead to conflict with us
Ships had no warning or defense against U-boats; submarines attacked American and other neutral ships; the German government broke its promises about restricting its submarines.
how did suusex pledge affect relations between the us and germany? why did germany end the pledge
why did the zimmermann note enrage americans?
was an attempt to secretly draw Mexico into the war and ultimately reward it with U.S. territory
what were the reactions in the us to the outbreak of war in europe?
most Americans favored the Allies. President Wilson decided on a position of neutrality. Both the preparedness movement, which urged the U.S. to get ready for war, and the peace movement began promoting their views.
why did the us declare war on Germany?
he triggering cause was the continued sinking of neutral ships, which harmed American commercial interests.
american troops in europe
group of unarmed ships surrouned by naval vessels
why were convoys important to American war efforts?
Because convoys were used to protected against submarine warfare
in what ways was the us unprepared to help the allies in 1917? in what ways did the us offer immediate help?
small, only 120 planes. Offered supplies and weapons
why did germany agree to an armistice in november 1918?
The Central Powers were collapsing
German soldiers realized that defeat was inevitable
how did new weapons change the way that soldiers fout durring war?
Tanks allowed the Allies to break though German lines
Aircraft were used to scout enemy positions, direct combat, drop bombs
name some of the militarry innovations introduced durring ww1
brass nuckles, periscopes, sanbags
special war bond sold by the government to support the allied cause durring ww1
speech or action that encurages rebelion
wilsons proposal 1918 for european peace
league of nations
international orginization formed after ww1 that aimed to ensure security and ppeace for all its members
ended world war 1
What was the role of price controls and rationing on the home front in World War I?
A lot of items that were needed for war were limited in America. For instance people would only get a certain amount of rubber to use because the war effort needed it.
What were three ways that the government intervened in the economy to help the war effort?
They began a system of Rations, they issued daylight savings time, and they imposed price controls.
how did the government deal with newspapers, magazines, and movies during the war?
The espionage act was amended by the Sedition act. The sedition act made it illegal to discuss any thing illegal (basically).
What was the purpose of Wilson's Fourteen Points?
It called for an end to secret treaties. It was meant to deal with issues so as to keep peace after the war. The issues included the removal of trade barriers among nations and the reduction of military forces. Wilson also called for the right of Austria-Hungary's ethnic groups to self-determination. Wilson hoped that these points would form the basis of peace negotiations.
Why did France and Britain demand reparations from Germany?
To punish Germany for its role in the war.
how did us make pace wth germeny
The Senate approved a separate peace treaty in 1921
how did the allies both envourage and discourage self determination in europe
They encouraged it by giving independence to some countries
Discouraged it by disregarding the wishes of other countries
why and how did the government try to control the economy at home
They intervened to that people at home would not use all of the supplies that the soldiers said and take all the money as well.
why and how did the government influence what people said about war
They wanted to keep the spirit of the war alive.
what was American reaction to Versailles treaty and to the league of nations
great alccliam but they had doubts