25 terms

Chapter 8

The persistence of learning over time most clearly depends on:
Storage is to encoding as ________ is to ________
Retention; Acquisition
The process of getting information out of memory is called:
Automatic processing and effortful processing involve two types of
The effortful processing of information:
can become automatic through practice.
Priming is to retrieval as rehearsal is to:
Semantic encoding refers to the processing of:
Children can better remember an ancient Latin verse if the definition of each unfamiliar Latin word is carefully explained to them. This best illustrates the value of:
semantic encoding.
Chunking refers to:
the organization of information into meaningful units.
A momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli is called ________ memory.
Peterson and Peterson demonstrated that unrehearsed short-term memories for three consonants almost completely decay in as short a time as:
12 seconds.
Long-term potentiation is a(n):
neural basis for learning and memory.
A flashbulb memory would typically be stored in ________ memory.
The hippocampus plays a critical role in ________ memory.
Cerebellum is to ________ memory as hippocampus is to ________ memory.
implicit; explicit
When an eyewitness to an auto accident is asked to describe what happened, which test of memory is being used?
While in a context similar to one you've been in before, you see a stranger who looks and walks like one of your friends. These circumstances are likely to trigger the experience of:
déjà vu.
After his last drinking spree, Fakim hid a half-empty liquor bottle. He couldn't remember where he hid it until he started drinking again. Fakim's pattern of recall best illustrates
state-dependent memory.
After learning the combination for his new locker at school, Milton is unable to remember the combination for his year-old bicycle lock. Milton is experiencing the effects of:
retroactive interference.
A type of motivated forgetting in which anxiety-arousing memories are blocked from conscious awareness is known as:
Among contemporary memory researchers, increasing numbers think that ______ rarely, if ever, occurs.
The misinformation effect best illustrates the dynamics of:
memory construction.
Which of the following techniques used by professional therapists are highly likely to promote the construction of false memories?
hypnosis, drug-induced recall, imagination-enhancing exercises, (ALL OF THE ABOVE)
Memory experts who express skepticism regarding reports of repressed and recovered memories are most likely to emphasize that:
extremely stressful life experiences are especially likely to be well remembered.
Forming many associations between new course material and what you already know is an effective way to build a network of:
retrieval cues.