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usually caused when babies do not get enough vitamin D in their diet (food) and do not get enough sunlight, therefore their bones become deformed (the shape is not right)
children with this are usually bow-legged, with curved backbones, flat heads, enlarged wrists or ankles, generally weak muscles
a child with this should also be given Vitamin D supplements, but not in excessive amounts (or not too much).
is a disease of the bones common to women as they grow older. Their bones, become thinner and brittle (easily breaks) so they are easily fractured.
its treatment includes proper diet: "calcium from milk, green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, and shellfish."
may be caused by a disease that affected the spine or it may be a defect that is already present at birth.
is caused bye the destruction of the cartilage between bones at a joint especially the hip, knee, and fingers.
to further prevent this, practicing hygienic measures such as washing the hands often and washing and covering the wound.
Permanently damaged joints can now be replaced by these. They may be made of steel or plastic which are designed as to enable the joints to move like the real ones.
are secured by fibrous tissues so they do not move. (e.g. bones of the skull). These are also called sutures
are coated with cartilage which acts as a shock absorber. (e.g. knee joint, elbow joint, joints between bones of fingers/arms/shoulders)
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