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26 terms

G4 Science - Bone Diseases

Bone Diseases
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Ricket
a bone disease caused by deficiency (lacking) of vitamin D
Ricket
usually caused when babies do not get enough vitamin D in their diet (food) and do not get enough sunlight, therefore their bones become deformed (the shape is not right)
Ricket
children with this are usually bow-legged, with curved backbones, flat heads, enlarged wrists or ankles, generally weak muscles
Ricket
a child with this should be given plenty of milk, which has calcium to make bones hard.
Ricket
a child with this should also be given Vitamin D supplements, but not in excessive amounts (or not too much).
Ricket
a child with this should be exposed to morning sunshine
Osteoporosis
is a disease of the bones common to women as they grow older. Their bones, become thinner and brittle (easily breaks) so they are easily fractured.
Osteoporosis
the bone tissues gets lost, and are not easily replaced.
Osteoporosis
its treatment includes proper diet: "calcium from milk, green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, and shellfish."
Osteoporosis
Calcium tables can also help cure this.
Scoliosis
is an abnormal curvature of the backbone, which may start from childhood or adolescence.
Scoliosis
may be caused by a disease that affected the spine or it may be a defect that is already present at birth.
Scoliosis
its treatment includes the use of braces or hooks. Bed rest is also important.
Arthritis
is a disease of the joints and affects mostly elderly people.
Arthritis
is caused bye the destruction of the cartilage between bones at a joint especially the hip, knee, and fingers.
Bone Infections
an injury to the bone, such as an open fracture, can cause this
Bone Infections
with this, the pus can slowly destroy the bones.
Pus
is a thick fluid produced by the body as it fights infection (in tagalog: "nana")
Bone Infections
antibiotics are used for treating this
Bone Infections
to further prevent this, practicing hygienic measures such as washing the hands often and washing and covering the wound.
Artificial joints
Permanently damaged joints can now be replaced by these. They may be made of steel or plastic which are designed as to enable the joints to move like the real ones.
joints
if all the ___ were fixed, the body could not move at all
Fixed joints
are secured by fibrous tissues so they do not move. (e.g. bones of the skull). These are also called sutures
Synovial fluid
lubricates bones so they can move smoothly
Movable joints
are coated with cartilage which acts as a shock absorber. (e.g. knee joint, elbow joint, joints between bones of fingers/arms/shoulders)
Bone graft
A small peice of bone can be taken from one part of the body to repair a damaged bone in another part. This piece of bone is called ____.