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Abdomen and Thorax Challenge Questions
Terms in this set (72)
Which of the following structures serves as a common passageway for food and air?
Which position/projections would best demonstrate the axillary portion of the right rib cage?
The thyroid cartilage of the larynx is at the level of which cervical vertebra?
Which of the following is the preferred SID for the radiography of the heart and lungs?
Where is the trachea situated in relationship to the esophagus?
What is the sac that encloses the lungs called?
What is the area called where the bronchi enter the lungs?
Which of the following is not an artery that originates directly from the aortic arch?
b. Right Subclavian
c. Left Common Carotid
d. Left Coronary
What is the portion of the lung that lies above the clavicles called?
What is the name of the valve that allows blood to pass from the left atrium to the left ventricle?
The right bronchus divides into ____ branches and the left bronchus into _____ branches.
What is the name of the cartilage that prevents food from entering the larynx during swallowing?
Which of the following structures would not be found in the mediastinum?
Which of the following are main branches of the trachea?
Why are chest radiographs taken PA rather than AP?
to minimize heart magnification
What is the contraction phase of the heart called?
What is the name for the small air sacs located at the distal ends of the bronchioles?
The xiphoid process is part of which of the following?
What is the name of the area in the thoracic cavity located between the two lungs?
Which of the following positions would be used to show air-fluid levels on a patient who could not be done erect?
d. Lateral decubitus
What breathing instructions should be given to a patient for a below the diaphragm radiograph of the ribs?
Which hemidiaphragm is usually located more superior?
What is the purpose of the thoracic duct?
conveys lymph into the left subclavian vein
What is the lower, outer margin of the lung, at the junction of the ribs and diaphragm, called?
Which of the following is not part of the heart?
a. Superior vena cava
b. Left atrium
c. Right ventricle
d. Mitral valve
superior vena cava
Which gland is large when a person is young and almost disappears as an adult?
What is the main artery of the systemic circulation?
In which direction does the diaphragm move on inspiration?
Why is the shortest possible exposure time necessary for chest radiography?
to eliminate heart motion
Why should the chin be extended when doing either a PA or a lateral chest radiograph?
to demonstrate lung apices
Which of the following positions is used for a general scout radiograph of the abdomen?
Under what conditions should a chest be done supine rather than erect?
a. Patient is unconscious
b. Patient cannot sit up
c. Patient complains of dizziness
d. all of the above
all of the above
Which bone would be radiographed to demonstrate the manubrium?
How many ribs should be showing above the diaphragm on a PA chest radiograph on deep inspiration?
How many chambers are there in the heart?
What are the basic positions/projection for a radiographic examination of the chest?
PA, left lateral
Which of the following is the sac that surrounds the heart?
Why are the shoulders rotated forward when radiographing the chest in a PA projection?
1. to remove the scapulae from the lung fields
2. to get the chest closer to the image receptor
3. to allow a deeper inspiration
To remove the scapulae from the lung fields
What are the first branches of the aorta that supply blood to the heart?
Which set of the conditions would allow the diaphragm to descend to its most inferior position?
patient erect, inspiration
Which of the following does not pass through the diaphragm?
d. Inferior vena cava
The crest of the ilium is at the level of the vertebral interspace between lumbar vertebrae #___ and #____.
In the fetus, the foramen ovale is located between which of the following chambers of the heart?
right and left atrium
What is the name of the prominent, anterior end of the iliac crest?
anterior superior iliac spine
Which of the following should be done to best visualize the sternum?
a. High kVp
b. Shallow breathing, RAO
c. Short SID
Shallow breathing, RAO
What is the name of the large, thick muscle located on either side of the lumbar vertebrae?
What are the blood vessels called that carry blood away from the heart?
What muscle separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity?
What are the breathing instruction from a patient having a routine chest radiograph? - deep inspiration
What bony landmark is used for centering a supine abdominal radiograph?
What is the heart muscle called?
Which of the following structures should be seen on a good, supine abdominal radiograph?
a. Lumbar transverse processes
b. Psoas muscles
c. Kidney outline
d. all of the above
all of the above
How many pair s of ribs are there in a normal human skeleton?
Which of the following reasons would not require an acute abdominal series?
a. A child swallowing a penny
b. Perforated hollow viscus
c. Intestinal obstruction
d. Abdominal infection
a child swallowing a penny
Which decubitus abdomen position would be done if there was a question of free air within the abdomen?
left lateral decubitus
What is the organ of voice called?
An air-fluid level cannot be seen on which of the positions of a standard abdominal series?
The aorta arises from which chamber of the heart?
What do the letters K.U.B. stand for?
kidneys, ureter, bladder
Which of the following is a reliable method for checking for rotation on a PA chest radiograph?
symmetry of sternoclavcicular joints
Which body plane is centered to the central ray for a supine abdominal radiograph?
What is the inferior end of the sternum called?
How long should a patient be upright before the erect radiograph of an acute abdomen series can be taken?
Which heart valves close when the ventricles of the heart contract?
tricuspid and mitral valves
How many pairs of ribs are considered true ribs?
How are floating ribs best visualized?
below the diaphragm
How many pairs of ribs are considered to floating ribs?
Where are the patient's arms placed for an erect lateral position of the chest?
over the head
When radiographing the sternum, which oblique is preferred?
Which one radiograph is the most important in a rib series involving recent trauma?
What term describes any abnormal accumulation of air in the pleural space?
What are the breathing instructions for a lateral sternum?
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