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HEALTH TEST 50pts quiz overview
Terms in this set (34)
What 5 central traits can be used to define personality?
extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness to experiences
What 2 general factors combine to influence your personality?
Environment and heredity
What did Erickson say about how your personality develops throughout your life?
He said that my personality develops throughout life.
Define the term identity. At what life stage does the search for identity begin?
Identity is the sense of ones self. This begins at around 12 to 20 years old.
Define self-esteem. Explain the effects that high and low self-esteem may have on health.
Self-esteem refers to how much you respect yourself and like yourself. If you have a high self esteem it has a positive effect on health. You are more likely to set goals, ask help when needed, and bounce back quickly from setbacks and disappointments.
If you have low self esteem it has a negative effect on health. They are more likely than their peers to use drugs, drop out of school, become pregnant, and suffer from eating disorders.
In general, what happens to self-adolescent? Explain why this change occurs
Because we tend to judge ourselves to harshly and compare ourselves not only to other people
Indenting three things you should focus on if you want to improv self esteem?
Learn to accept compliments, look beyond concerns, and don't focus too much on appearance
Define the term self-actualization. What did Maslow claim must happen before a person can achieve self-actualization?
Self-actualization is the process by which people achieve their full potential. according to Maslow, before people can achieve actualization, their basic needs must be met. These needs are physical needs, the need to feel safe, the need to belong, and the need for esteem.
Define the term emotion.
a reaction to a situation that involves your mind, body, and behavior
How do healthful and harmful coping strategies differ? Give an example of each.
Coping strategies are helpful when they improve a situation or allow a person to handle a situation in a better way. Coping strategies are harmful when they make a situation worse or a person is less able to handle a situation. A helpful way of coping is to confront the situation head-on. If possible, take action to improve the situation. Some harmful ways of coping are using drugs and alcohol or withdrawing form friends and family.
What is stress?
the reaction of the body and mind to everyday challenges and demands
When do people experience stress?
when situations, events, or people make demands on your body and mind
What is meant by the term stressor?
an event or situation that causes stress
List the four general types of stressors and give an example of each type
The four types of stressors are major life changes such as graduating high school or collage, catastrophes such as natural disasters, everyday problems such as work or driving, and environmental problems such as pollution or not catching any fish when you go on a fishing trip.
What are the three stages of the stress response ? On what order do they occur??
alarm, resistance, exhaustion
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