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AP Human Chapter 1
Terms in this set (39)
Based on the cardinal points of North, South, East, and West.
Exact measurement of the physical space between two places.
Exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates.
The distortion of an area; inaccurate to the actual area; bigger or small, thinner or wider.
Geospatial data collected through the quantification of a population.
Gathering; forming in a group.
The distortion of a direction; cardinal directions are not preserved.
Movement of individuals away from centers of high population density or their area of origin.
The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
Distance between two points may be longer or shorter than in reality.
The height of land above sea level.
A doctrine that claims that cultural traits are formed and controlled by environmental conditions.
An area defined by one predominant or universal characteristic throughout its entire area; well defined boundaries.
A region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it.
Geographic Information System (GIS)
A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data.
Quantitative or qualitative information about people, places and environments.
Information about a physical object that can be represented by numerical values in a geographic coordinate system.
The scale of the world, in a global setting.
A spatial scale that is essentially equivalent to a community.
Happens when a round surface is made flat; distortion may be in size or shape of land forms, distance between land forms, or in direction.
A spatial scale that is essentially equivalent to individual countries.
The geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area.
Perceptual/ vernacular region
A region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and not as a physically demarcated entity.
A specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular character.
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
Maps that show the absolute location of places and geographic features determined by a frame of reference, typically latitude and longitude.
The study of the cultural, economic, political, physical, or other factors that contribute to the distinctiveness of geographical areas.
Interactions occurring within a region, in a regional setting.
Directions such as left, right, forward, backward, up, and down based on people's perception of places.
Approximate measurement of the physical space between two places.
Where a place is located in relation to another place.
The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods.
Images generated at intervals from satellites orbiting the Earth. Can show visible, infrared, shortwave infrared or water vapor images.
Satellite navigation system (GPS)
Satellite-based system for determining the absolute location of places or geographic features.
The result of unequal magnification of the actual shape of the structure.
The physical gap or interval between two objects.
The use of Earth's renewable and nonrenewable natural resources in ways that do not constrain resource use in the future.
Maps that tell stories, typically showing the degree of some attribute or the movement of a geographic phenomenon.
A term associated with the work of David Harvey that refers to the social and psychological effects of living in a world in which time-space convergence has rapidly reached a high level of intensity.
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