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32 terms

Existentialism Notes

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This modern philosophy was a reaction to pragmatism; it emphasizes the individual choice
existentialism
Name the "religious" existentialist who took a "leap of faith"
(Soren) Kierkegaard
Soren Kierkegaard was able to consider himself both an atheist and theologist because he ______ to act as if there were a God
Chose
This eistentialist declared teh death of God
Nietzsche
(Philosophical Position of Existentialism) refusual to belong to _____ school of thought
any
(Philosophical Position of Existentialism) repudiation of the __________ of any philosophy or school of thought
adequacy
(Philosophical Position of Existentialism) A marked _____________ with traditional philosohy (its all too superficial, accademic, or remote from life)
dissatisfaction
Existentialists believe in stark _____________
individualism (only individual has purpose; no one can determine another's purpose)
Metaphysics. Existentialists believe in a world of _________ _________; nothing else has meaning
individual existence
For the Existentialist, ____________ precedes essensce
Existence (For the Christian essense precedes existence)
For the Existentialist, the only certainty is that we __________
exist (for the Christian, we know that God exists)
For the Existentialist, there is _____ purpose
no (Christians believe in God's purpose)
For the Existentialist, there is ______ authority
no (Christian's believe in God's authority)
This existentialist said that there were both Christian and athiest existentialists. Man could make a god if he wants. Wrote Nausea, No Exit, and Dirty Hands.
(John-Paul) Sarte
According to Sarte, man is "condemned to be ______"
free (man must make his whole existence by himself)
Epistemology. Existentialists belief that truth is ________
choice
Would the existentialist believe that meaning and truth are built into the universe
no (only the individual gives nature meaning)
Existentialists believe that first came the ____________, then the idea that he created
individual
What is the focus of the existential (what part of philosohpy)
axiology
The existentialist believes that life's values and beauty are bound up in the existential choices of the _________
individual
The existentialist student is a __________, _______, and _______ agent
choosing, free (to set goals), responsible (accountable to self)
The teacher to the existentialist is a _________ who leads the studetns into a better understanding of themselves. They identify with the individual students.
facilitator
The existential curriculum would be _____________, chosen by the __________, focused on the __________
flexible, student, humanities
The existential method would be _____________ and ____________
noncoercive; individualistic
(Similarities in Pragmatism and Existentialism) No _________ truth
a priori
(Similarities in Pragmatism and Existentialism) Downplay ________________________ (branch of phillosophy)
metaphysics
(Similarities in Pragmatism and Existentialism) classes are ________________ (man-centered)
humanistic
(Similarities in Pragmatism and Existentialism) As far as truth goes, there is only ______________ truth
relative (no absolutes)
For the Pragmatist, truth or meaning is found in the role of __________; for the existentialist, it is found in the role of the ________________
society; individual (the big dif)
(Similarities in Pragmatism and Existentialism) teacher is always a _______________
facilitator (guide)
(Similarities in Pragmatism and Existentialism) curriculum is _________-______________
child-centered
(Similarities in Pragmatism and Existentialism) the purpose is not to transmit ________________ of the past
knowledge