Principles of Infection Control egans ch 4

Refers to infections that develop in a patient during the course of medical treatment
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Terms in this set (24)
occurs when a pathogen is transferred directly from one person to anotherdirectinvolves the transfer of a pathogen through a contaminated intermediate object or personindirectinanimate objects that may serve to transfer pathogens from one person to anotherfomitesexamples of fomites-----Generated when an infected individual discharges large contaminated liquid droplets into the air by coughing, sneezing, or talking Respiratory droplets are also generated during procedures such as suctioning, bronchoscopies, and cough inductionDroplet transmissionExamples of airborne transmissionMycobacterium tuberculosis Varicella (chickenpox) MeaslesN-95 respirator are required forairborne trasmissionkills bacteriabacteriocidalinhibit the growth of bacteriaBacteriostaticdestroys spores Spores are the dormant form of vegetative bacteria Highly resistant to physical and chemical influencesSporicidaldestroys virusesVirucidalDecontaminate equipment capable of spreading infection Involves cleaning, disinfection, and sterilizationSpecialized Equipment ProcessingHelp to keep the overall environment clean Achieved through sanitary laundry management, food preparation, and housekeepingGeneral Sanitation MeasuresA shared commitment to patient and health care worker safety Organizations endorse best practices Ensures the bedside caregiver has Appropriate time Equipment Trainingcreateing a safe culture