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Essentials of Human Anatomy by Marieb

superior (cranial or cephalad)

toward the head end or upper part of a structure

inferior (caudal)

away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or he body; below

anterior (ventral)

toward or at the front of the body; in front of

posterior (dorsal)

toward or at the backside of the body; behind


toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of


away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of


between a more medial and a more lateral structure


close to the orgin of the body part or the point of attatchment of a limb to the body trunk


farther from the orgin of a body part or the piont of attatchment of a limb to the body trunk

superficial (external)

toward or at the body surface

deep (internal)

away from the body surface; more internal

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