Photography Terms for Midterm Review
Review of photography terms including review of terms related to pinholes, photograms, the dark room process, camera obscura, and the history of photography.
Terms in this set (50)
When a camera is exposed to much light. The result is a bright image.
A setting on a lens. One stop = double or half the amount of light.
Exposing camera to not enough light. The result is a dark image.
The opening in a lens through which light passes. It is usually expressed as a fraction that is F/Stop on cameras. Determines the depth of field.
A device that determines how long the camera is exposed to light. Uses a pair of curtains or blinds.
A picture of a person
A picture of yourself
What is the best ISO for a bright and sunny day
100 or 200 ISO
Why would you put your camera on Shutter Priority
Because you want to control the movement in the photograph, for example for a fast moving object or sports
What aperture or f/stop would you want for a shallow depth of field
You would want an aperture of f/2.8 or f/4 for a shallow depth of field
Shallow depth of field
Image is focused in the foreground and blurry in the middle and background- good for food photography and babies
Deep depth of field
Image is focused in the foreground, middle and background- good for landscapes
Why is f/8 great?
F/8 is great because it focuses on the foreground and middle ground and a good standard for photojournalism and groups of people
What you press to take a photograph
The photograph is too dark and not exposed long enough
Rule of Thirds
The main subject is in the third quadrant of a photograph
What does an HDR (high dynamic range) photograph do
An HDR photograph shows detail in the highlights and shadows
What happens to a moving subject when the exposure is one second
A moving object will be blurry at the shutter speed of a second
Something unexpected in a photograph
Close up of an object to capture how it feels i.e. fur or bark
Main thing in a picture is how colorful it is
One color with its tints and shades (i.e. photograph is primarily pink with dark pink and light pink)
Switches camera mode from Aperture Priority to Shutter Priority to Automatic to Manual, etc. On top left of camera.
What you look through the camera to take your picture.
The darkness or lightness of an image
The darkest area of a photograph
The brightest area of a photograph
How fast or slow the image is exposed to light.
Image mirrors itself, like a butterfly wing
How large something is as compared to something else
The first thing you look at in a photograph
A line in which your eye goes through the photograph
The area that is closest to the viewer
The area that is furthest to the viewer
The area in the middle of the photograph that is between the foreground and background
An adjustable three legged stand to put your camera on to stabilize it
The relationship between Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO to create the perfect exposure
ISO measures the sensitivity of the image sensor. The lower the number the less sensitive your camera is to light. Higher ISO settings are generally used in darker situations to get faster shutter speeds.
Best resolution for printing an image
You want to use a resolution of 300 pixels per inch to print an image
Action to step back and undo something in Photoshop
Step backward, Command + z
Print out of all images that you created on a photo shoot for proofing and to have a record.
How to create light painting
Create light painting by using a slow shutter speed of at least 8 seconds, a dark area, and your camera on a tripod.
What measures the amount of light needed to create a correct exposure
A form of intellectual property, applicable to any expressed representation of a creative work
The number of pixels in a digital photo or artwork
Painting with Light
A lighting technique whereby the photographer paints light onto the subject, usually using a constant light source such as a flashlight.
Why would you want to use a tripod?
Used for slow moving objects, when it's dark, or creating HDR photographs
The placement or arrangement of visual elements or ingredients in a work of art
Repetition of elements. Makes an artwork look active.
A composition with variety and harmony, making a unified whole.