1. Providing comprehensible input (way of speaking and explaining that the students can understand: modeling, visuals, hand-on activities, demonstrations, gestures, body language);
2. Providing explicit instruction (KWL charts, vocabulary development, students experiences, illustrations, webbing);
3. Integrating content and language objectives (practice strategies for marking up the text,review objectives several times in class);
4. Supporting students use of English to discuss and consider subject matter content (group discussion, hands-on, engaging partners independently, students can apply content and language objectives, 4 corners activities, send a problem, jigsaw).