IB History Terms [Cold War: Berlin Airlift, NATO and the Bomb]
The Berlin Wall and the Cuban Missile Crisis
Terms in this set (26)
In response to the Berlin Blockade the Western Allies organised the Berlin airlift to carry supplies to the people in West Berlin. Aircrews from the United States Air Force, the British Royal Air Force, the Royal Canadian Air Force, the Royal Australian Air Force, the Royal New Zealand Air Force, and the South African Air Force flew over 200,000 flights in one year, providing up to 4700 tons of necessities daily, such as fuel and food, to the Berliners
Is a Cold War term by the Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov of the Soviet Union that believed the Marshall Plan was being used by the United States to create a 'sphere of influence' in Western Europe after World War II.
Organization created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and several Western European nations to provide collective security against the Soviet Union.
Was a collective defense treaty among eight communist states of Central and Eastern Europe in existence during the Cold War. Was the military complement to the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CoMEcon), the regional economic organization for the communist States of Central and Eastern Europe. The Warsaw Pact was in part a Soviet military reaction to the integration of West Germany into NATO
Was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. During the multinational occupation of post-World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under allied control. Their aim was to force the western powers to allow the Soviet zone to start supplying Berlin with food, fuel, and aid, thereby giving the Soviets practical control over the entire city. From 24 June 1948 to 12 May 1949
Two Camps Doctrine
Also know as the Zhdanov Doctrine, was a Soviet cultural doctrine developed by Central Committee secretary Andrei Zhdanov in 1946. It proposed that the world was divided into two camps: the "imperialistic", headed by the United States; and "democratic", headed by the Soviet Union.[ The main principle of the Zhdanov doctrine was often summarized by the phrase "The only conflict that is possible in Soviet culture is the conflict between good and best".
Also known as West Germany is the accronym for the Federal Republic of Germany ( Bundesrepublik Deutschland or BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 to German reunification on 3 October 1990. And was established from eleven states formed in the three Allied Zones of occupation held by the United States, the United Kingdom and France post-World War 2.
Also known as East Germany, is the accronym for German Democratic Republic ( Deutsche Demokratische Republik or DDR), was a state within the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period. From 1949 to 1990, it administered the region of Germany which was occupied by Soviet forces at the end of the Second World War—the Soviet Occupation Zone of the Potsdam Agreement
A weapon of mass destruction whose explosive power derives from a nuclear reaction. The only time it has been used was in August 9 1945
Is a doctrine of military strategy and national security policy in which a full-scale use of high-yield weapons of mass destruction by two or more opposing sides would cause the complete annihilation of both the attacker and the defender
A strategy intended to dissuade an adversary from taking an action not yet started, or to prevent them from doing something that another state desires.
Was a German communist politician. He played a leading role in the creation of the Weimar-era Communist Party of Germany (KPD) and in the early development and establishment of East Germany
Was a barrier that existed from 1961 through 1989, constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin until it was opened in 1989
The elected President of Cuba from 1940 to 1944, and dictator from 1952 to 1959, before being overthrown as a result of the Cuban Revolution
A Cuban politician and revolutionary who served as Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976, and President from 1976 to 2008. Politically a Marxist-Leninist, he also served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from 1961 until 2011. Under his administration the Republic of Cuba became a one-party socialist state; industry and businesses were nationalized, and state socialist reforms implemented throughout society.
Is the process of taking a private industry or private assets into public ownership by a national government or state.Nationalization usually refers to private assets, but may also mean assets owned by lower levels of government, such as municipalities, being transferred to be the state.
Is a government led by a committee of military leaders. The term derives from the Spanish word junta, meaning committee or meeting; specifically a board of directors.
The Central Intelligence Agency is one of the principal intelligence-gathering agencies of the United States federal government. Its employees operate from U.S. embassies and many other locations around the world. The CIA has three traditional principal activities, which are gathering information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals; analyzing that information, along with intelligence gathered by other U.S. intelligence agencies, in order to provide national security intelligence assessment.
Bay of Pigs
Bahía de Cochinos is an inlet of the Gulf of Cazones located on the southern coast of Cuba. Playa Girón and Playa Larga were the landing sites for seaborne forces of armed Cuban exiles in the Bay of Pigs Invasion, an American CIA-sponsored attempt to overthrow the new government of Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro in April 1961.
John F. Kennedy
Was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963. Notable events that occurred during his presidency included the Bay of Pigs Invasion, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Space Race the building of the Berlin Wall, the African-American Civil Rights Movement, and the increased US involvement in the Vietnam War.
Was a US foreign policy regarding Latin American countries in 1823. . It stated that further efforts by European nations to colonize land or interfere with states in North or South America would be viewed as acts of aggression, requiring U.S. intervention.
The Limited Test Ban Treaty is a treaty prohibiting all test detonations of nuclear weapons except underground. It was developed both to slow the arms race, and to stop the excessive release of nuclear fallout into the planet's atmosphere. The Treaty was signed and ratified by the governments of the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States during the autumn of 1963.
'Hot line' Telephone
The Moscow-Washington hotline is a system that allows direct communication between the leaders of the United States and Russia. This hotline was established in 1963 and links the Pentagon with the Kremlin .Although in popular culture known as the "red telephone", the hotline was never a telephone line, and no red phones were used.
Is the political, economic, or military predominance or control of one state over others.
A quarantine is used to separate and restrict the movement of persons; it is a 'state of enforced isolation'. Quarantine can be applied to humans, but also to animals of various kinds, and both as part of border control as well as within a country.
Sphere of influence
In the field of international relations, a sphere of influence (SOI) is a spatial region or concept division over which a state or organization has a level of cultural, economic, military, or political exclusivity, accommodating to the interests of powers outside the borders of the state that controls it.