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373 terms

Medical Terminology Exam

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Based on its word parts, the term cardiorrhexis means
rupture of the heart
Which combining form means fever?
pyr/o
Which term means the tissue death of an artery or arteries?
arterionecrosis
Which suffix means a specialist?
-ologist
In the term pericardioectomy, the word part -ectomy is a
suffix
Which term describes an examination technique involving the hands?
palpation
Which suffix means to suture or stitch?
-rrhaphy
In the term otorhinolaryngology, which word part means ear?
ot/o
Which term describes a torn, ragged wound?
laceration
Which combining form means plaque or fatty substance?
ather/o
Based on its word parts, the term hepatorrhagia means
bleeding of the liver
Which suffix means a surgical opening of an artificial wound?
-ostomy
Which term describes the time and events surround birth?
perinatal
Which is the correct spelling of the term meaning the surgical removal of the appendix?
appendectomy
Which term means the rupture of a muscle?
myorrhexis
Which combining form means white?
leuk/o
Which term means inflammation of a nerve?
neuritis
A fever that can be measured by the patient or others is a
sign
Which term describes part of the hipbone?
ilium
Which term means pain in the stomach?
gastralgia
Which term means any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord or bone marrow?
myelopathy
Which combining form means fungus?
myc/o
Which combining form means nerves?
neur/o
Which prefix means between or among?
inter-
Which condition is a benign tumor formed from glandular tissue?
adenoma
Which term means the study, structure, and composition of tissues?
histology
Which type of tissue has the specialized ability to contract and relax?
muscle tissue
Which term means towards the side?
lateral
Which term means the opposite of anterior?
posterior
A hospital acquired infection is a
nosocomial infection
Which body cavity protects the organs of reproduction?
pelvic
Which type of disorder has no detectable physical changes to explain the symptoms being experienced by the patient?
functional
A portion of the body that is located above the transverse plane is said to be
superior
Which plane divides the body into equal left and right parts?
midsagittal plane
Which of these diseases is not spread by blood-borne transmission? (STD, HIV, Hepatitis B, Tuberculosis)
tuberculosis
What is a characteristic of anatomic position?
standing up straight so the body is erect
Which term refers to an outbreak of a disease occurring over a large geographic area, possibly worldwide?
pandemic
What is the correct spelling of the term that means maintaining a constant internal environment?
homeostasis
Which condition is the abnormal development of tissue cells and cells?
dysplasia
True or False: When a recessive gene is inherited from both parents, the offspring will have that condition.
True
Which hereditary disorder causes the irreversible and progressive loss of muscle control and mental ability?
Huntington's
A genome is
the entire set of genes received from both parents
Which term means the lower part of the body?
caudal
Which of these structures is not a source of stem cells? (cord blood, gametes, adult bone marrow, newly formed embryo)
gametes
Which term means the direction toward or nearer the midline?
medial
Which body regions are located on the side and covered by the lower ribs?
left and right hypochondriac
Which term means the study of the functions of the structures of the body?
physiology
The coronal plane is also known as the
frontal plane
Which of the following is a congenital disorder? (cystic fibrosis, fetal alcohol syndrome, sickle-cell anemia, down syndrome)
fetal alcohol syndrome
A fracture in which a bone is splintered or crushed is a/an
comminuted fracture
Which bone is also known as the kneecap?
patella
Which bone is also known as the shoulder blade?
scapula
Which bone tissue functions as a fat storage area?
yellow bone marrow
Which bone tissue is a hemopoietic?
red bone marrow
Which condition is a congenital defect in which the spinal canal fails to close the spinal cord?
spina bifida
Which condition is also known as adult rickets?
osteomalacia
Which condition is characterized by extensive bone destruction followed by abnormal bone repair?
Paget's disease
Which condition is commonly known as a bunion?
hallux valgus
Which diagnostic technique is used to detect cancer and osteomyelitis?
bone scan
Which form of arthritis is associated with the formation of uric acid crystals in the joint?
gouty arthritis
Which of the following is a definitive test for osteoporosis?
dual x-ray absorptiometry
Which of the following is an arthroscopic treatment of the shoulder?
thermal capsulorrhaphy
Which of these medications is not a NSAID? (naxprofen, ibuprofen, acetominophen, aspirin)
acetominophen
Which procedure is the attempted realignment of the bone involved in the fracture or joint dislocation?
manipulation
Which procedure is the surgical loosening of an ankylosed joint?
arthrolysis
Which procedure is the surgical repair of cartilage?
chondroplasty
Which procedure is the suturing or wiring together of bones?
osteorrhaphy
Which term describes an abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side?
kyphosis
Which term describes the inflammation of bone and bone marrow?
osteomyelitis
Which term describes the opening in a bone through which blood vessels, nerves, and ligaments pass?
foramen
Which term describes the partial dislocation of a bone from its joint?
subluxation
Which term describes the surgical repair or replacement of a damaged joint?
arthroplasty
Which term identifies the upper portion of the sternum?
manubrium
Which type of transplant uses the patient's own bone marrow?
autologous bone marrow transplant
Which condition is a weakness or slight paralysis of a muscle?
myoparesis
Which condition is also known as wryneck?
spasmodic torticollis
Which condition is the total paralysis of one side of the body?
hemiplegia
Which diagnostic test records the strength of muscle contractions?
electromyography
Which motion turns the palm of the hand downward or backward?
pronation
Which muscle is formed from three divisions?
triceps
Which procedure is the surgical division of a tendon for relief of a deformity?
tenotomy
Which procedure is the surgical repair of a fascia?
fascioplasty
Which term describes an abnormal condition of muscle tone?
dystonia
Which term describes the inflammation of a skeletal muscle?
myositis
Which term describes symptoms that occur when when the median nerve is compressed as it passes through the narrow area in the wrist?
carpal tunnel syndrome
Which term describes the act of raising the ribs when breathing in?
elevation
Which term describes the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissue?
contracture
Which term describes the place where a muscle begins?
origin
Which term describes the protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured sheath?
myocele
Which term means abnormally decreased motor function or activity?
hypokinesia
Which term means delayed relaxation of a muscle after strong contraction?
myotonia
Which term means the study of human factors that affect the design and operation of tools and the work environment?
ergonomics
Which term means to bend a limb at the joint?
flexion
Which term means to bend to foot upward at the ankle?
dorsiflexion
Which term means to move away from the midline?
abduction
Which term means to suture the ends of a tendon to a bone?
tenodesis
Which term means weakness and wasting away caused by disuse of the muscle over a long period of time?
atrophy
Which type of muscle is slanted outward, away from the midline?
oblique
Which type of muscle tissue forms the muscular wall of the heart?
myocardial
Which structures are microscopic blood vessels that are only one cell in thickness?
capillaries
Which specialist treats diseases and disorders of the blood and blood-forming tissues?
hematologist
Which condition is hypertension of unknown cause?
idiopathic hypertension
A/An __________, which is designed for use by nonprofessionals, externally shocks the heart to restore a normal cardiac rhythm.
automated external defibrillator
Which condition is an abnormally slow heartbeat?
bradycardia
Which term describes the highest pressure against the walls of blood vessels?
systolic pressure
Which diagnostic procedure requires the patient to wear a portable electrocardiograph for 24 hours?
Holter monitor test
Which condition is an irregular quivering of the atria?
atrial fibrillation
Which condition sometimes forms in the legs of a patient who is bedridden?
deep vein thrombosis
Which type of white blood cells fight infection by phagocytosis?
neutrophils
Which medication controls irregularities of the heartbeat?
antiarrythmic
Which term describes a localized, balloon-like enlargement of the wall of an artery?
aneurysm
Which condition is usually fatal unless reversed by electric defibrillation?
ventricular fibrillation
Which type of medicine is administered to reduce cholesterol?
statins
Which medical condition is commonly known as a heart attack?
myocardial infarction
Which procedures opens a blocked artery without actually removing the plaque?
balloon angioplasty
Which are the smallest formed elements of the blood?
thrombocytes
Which condition is a syndrome in which the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body's need for oxygen and nutrients
congestive heart failure
Which term describes a foreign object, such as a blood clot, circulating in the blood?
embolysm
Which condition is also known as blood poisoning?
septicemia
Which characteristic describes the blood carried by the pulmonary arteries?
carbon dioxide rich blood
Which condition is also known as preleukemia?
myelodysplastic syndrome
Which substance transports oxygen from the lungs to all body tissues?
hemoglobin
A tissue plasminogen activator administered to
dissolve blood clots
Which condition is a blood disorder in which red blood cells are larger than normal?
megaloblastic anemia
At which stage of breast cancer is the cancer no larger than 2 centimeters but has spread to the axillary lymph nodes?
stage 2
Infectious mononucleosis is a type of
viral infection
The majority of breast cancers are
infilitrating ductal carcinomas
Which blood test is used to confirm an HIV diagnosis?
Western blot
Which condition is a benign tumor made up of abnormal lymphatic vessels?
lymphangioma
Which condition is a malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue?
myosarcoma
Which condition occurs when one or more parts of the immune system are missing or not functioning properly?
immunodeficiency disorder
Which disorder is a malignant neoplasm of connective tissues?
sarcoma
Which form of bacteria causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
rickettsia
Which immune system components contribute to the immune defense by coordinating immune defenses and by killing infected cells on contact?
T cells
What is the correct spelling of the term meaning an enlargement of the spleen?
splenomegaly
Which autoimmune disorder attack the digestive system?
Crohn's disease
Which infection is caused by a fungus?
aspergillosis
Which type of tissue is not affected by sarcomas?
glandular
Which viral disease is commonly known as chickenpox?
varicella
Which organ or structure has a hemolytic function?
spleen
True or False: Hodgkin's disease is distinguished by the presence of Reed-Sternburg Cells
True
Which term describes complex proteins that normally circulate in the blood in an inactive form but are activated by contact with an antigen?
complement
Which term describes the process by which cancer spreads from the primary site to a secondary site?
metastasize
Which term is applied to malignancies that develop in the lymphatic system?
lymphoma
Which term means not life-threatening and does not recur?
benign
Which tonsils are known as the adenoids?
nasopharyngeal
Which treatment cuts off the blood supply to a tumor?
antiangiogenesis
Which type of bacteria forms chains?
streptococci
Which type of medication causes the death of bacteria?
bactericide
A _________ dispenses large doses of medication in the form of a mist that is inhaled via a mask of mouthpiece.
nebulizer
During an asthma attack, the
lining of the airway swells
FESS is a surgical procedure that is performed to
enlarge the opening between the nose and sinus
The loss of the ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds is known as
aphonia
What regions of the chest contains the heart, aorta, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, and thymus?
mediastinum
What structure, commonly known as the Adam's Apple, protects the larynx?
thyroid cartilage
Which condition is a pattern of alternating periods of rapid breathing, slow breathing, and the absence of breathing?
Cheyne-Stokes respiration
Which condition is also known as black lung disease?
anthracosis
Which condition is the abnormal build up of carbon dioxide in the blood?
hypercapnia
Which condition is the abnormal escape of fluid into the pleural cavity?
pleural effusion
Which condition is the absence of spontaneous respiration?
apnea
Which condition is the absence, or almost complete absence, of oxygen from inspired gases, arterial blood, or tissues?
anoxia
Which condition is the irreversible enlargement of bronchi or broncioles that is commonly accompanied by chronic infection?
bronchiectasis
Which condition may result in a collapsed lung?
atelectasis
Which diagnostic test measures the oxygen saturation level in the blood?
pulse oximeter
Which of the following surrounds each lung?
visceral pleura
Which procedure is a surgical incision of the pharynx?
pharyngotomy
Which respiratory condition occurs most commonly during the cold months?
influenza
Which respiratory therapy is used to temporarily replace or supplement the patient's natural breathing function?
ventilator
True of False: Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder
true
Which structure carries both food and air?
oropharynx
Which term describes paralysis of a larynx?
laryngoplegia
Which term describes the exchange of gases within the cells of all the body organs and tissues?
internal respiration
Which test is used to screen for tuberculosis?
purified protein derivative (ppd)
Which upper respiratory bacterial infection is characterized by a paroxysmal cough?
pertussis
A bolus is
a mass of food that has been chewed and is ready to be swallowed
What structure secretes bile?
liver
Which bacterial infection of the intestines is characterized by paralysis and is often fatal?
botulism
Which condition is a protrusion of part of the stomach through the esophageal opening in the diaphragm?
hiatal hernia
Which condition is an abnormal accumulation of serious fluid in the peritoneal cavity?
ascites
Which condition is characterized by blister-like sores occurring on the lip and adjacent tissue?
herpes labialis
Which condition is commonly known as bad breath?
halitosis
Which condition is involuntarily clenching of the teeth during sleep?
bruxism
Which condition is the earliest stage of peridontal disease?
gingivitis
Which condition is the twisting of the intestine on itself that may cause an obstruction?
volvulus
Which condition is yellow discoloration of the skin caused by excessive billirubin in the blood?
jaundice
What is correct spelling of the term that means surgical removal of the ileum?
ileectomy
Which procedure is the surgical fixation of the rectum to an adjacent tissue or organ?
proctopexy
Which procedure is the visual examination of the esophagus, stomach, and upper duodenum?
esophagogastroduodenoscopy
True of False: The capsule records images of the walls of the small intestine.
true
Which structure controls the flow of food and water from the stomach to the small intestine?
pyloric sphincter
Which surgical procedure is the creation of a connection between two hollow or tubular structures?
anastomosis
Which term describes a single pouch or sac occurring in the lining or wall of a tubular organ such as the colon?
diverticulum
Which term describes an eating disorder that is characterized by binge eating?
bulimia nervosa
Which term describes pain in the gallbladder?
cholecystalgia
Which term describes the breaking down of body cells or substances?
catabolism
Which term describes the fourth part of the large colon?
sigmoid colon
Which term describes the last part of the small intestine?
ileum
Which term describes the return of swallowed food?
regurgitation
Which term means difficulty in swallowing?
dysphagia
The placement of a catheter into the bladder through a small incision made in the abdominal wall is known as _______ catherization.
suprapubic
The term ________ describes a procedure to remove waste products from the blood of patients whose kidneys no longer function.
dialysis
The urethral meatus
is the external opening of the urethra
What is the correct spelling of the term that means the destruction of a kidney stone by ultrasonic waves travelling through water?
lithotripsy
Which condition is a congenital abnormality in which the urethral opening is on the upper surface of the penis?
epispadias
Which condition is an abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina?
vesicovaginal fistula
Which condition is an inflammation within the walls of the bladder?
interstitial cystitis
Which condition is an inflammation of the renal pelvis and of the kidney?
pyelonephritis
Which condition is the abnormal enlargement of a ureter?
ureterectasis
Which condition is the abnormal narrowing of the tube that carries urine out of the body?
urethrostenosis
Which condition is the complete suppression of urine formation by the kidneys?
anuria
Which condition is the formation of pus in the kidney?
nephropyosis
Which of the following is not a characteristic of nephrotic syndrome?
pyelitis
Which procedure is the freeing of a kidney from adhesions?
nephrolysis
Which procedure is the removal of a kidney stone through a surgical incision into the kidney?
nephrolithotomy
Which sudden onset condition is characterized by uremia?
acute renal failure
Which term describes a radiographic study of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder without the use of a contrast medium?
KUB
Which term describes excessive urination during the night?
nocturia
Which term describes the disorder that is characterized by the presence of kidney stones?
nephrolithiasis
Which term describes the normal process of excreting urine?
micturition
Which term describes the outer layer of the kidney?
cortex
Which term describes the presence of abnormally high concentrations of protein in the urine?
hyperproteinuria
Which term describes the surgical repair of the tube extending from the kidney to the bladder?
ureteroplasty
Which term means the inability to control urination when sneezing?
stress incontinence
Which toxic condition is caused by excessive urea in the bloodstream?
uremia
A bundle of nerve fibers that carry nerve impulses toward the brain is known as a/an
ascending tract
A generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by
exaggerated worry and tension even where there is little or nothing to provoke these feelings
True of False: A patient in a vegetative state exhibits alternating sleep and wake cycles.
True
A ____ is a condition in which an individual acts as if he or she has a physical or mental illness when he or she is not really sick.
factitious disorder
A _____ is the suturing of the ends of a severed nerve
neurorrhaphy
A/An _________ is administered to temporarily relieve anxiety and to reduce tension.
anxiolytic drug
A/An _________ is characterized by a group of intense emotional feelings that are accompanied by physical symptoms that can include shortness of breath, feelings of unreality, sweating, heart palpitations, chest pain, and choking sensations.
panic attack
A/An ______, also known as a bleed, occurs when a blood vessel in the brain leaks.
hemorrhagic stroke
Alzheimer's disease is a
group of disorders involving the parts of the brain that control thought, memory, and language
The inner surface of the skull is lined with
dura mater
The ____ lobe of the cerebrum controls monitor functions.
frontal
Which condition includes a sense perception that has no basis in external stimulation?
hallucination
Which condition is a slowly progressive decline in mental abilities, including memory, thinking and judgement, that is often accompanied by personality changes?
dementia
Which condition is an inflammation of the brain?
encephalitis
Which condition is an intense burning pain after an injury to a sensory nerve?
causalgia
Which condition is commonly known as Lou Gehrig's disease?
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Which condition is an inflammation of a nerve causing pain through the thigh and leg?
sciatica
Which condition of a young child is characterized by the inability to develop normal social relationships?
autism
Which medication depresses the CNS to to produce calm and diminished responsiveness without causing sleep?
sedative
Which part of the brain is responsible for the highest level of thought?
cerebrum
Which structure consists of the medulla, midbrain, and pons?
brainstem
_____ is a disorder characterized by the repeated, deliberate setting of fires.
Pyromania
_____ is a low grade chronic depression with symptoms that are milder than those of severe depression but are present on a majority of days for two or more years.
Dysthymia
_____ is a progressive autoimmune disorder characterized by inflammation that causes dymyelination of the myelin sheath.
Multiple sclerosis
____ is an excessive fear of spiders.
Arachnophobia
A cochlear implant is
an electronic device that transmits signals to electrodes implanted in the cochlea
What abbreviation means left eye?
OS
Which condition is also known as nearsightedness?
myopia
Which condition is also known as night blindness?
nyctalopia
Which condition is characterized by the inward deviation of one eye relative to the other?
exotropia
Which condition is the flow of pus from the ear?
otopyorrhea
Which diagnostic procedure is an indirect measurement of acoustical energy absorbed or reflected by the middle ear?
tympanometry
Which diagnostic test is performed to determine losses in peripheral vision?
visual field testing
Which disorder has symptoms that include dizziness, a fluctuating hearing loss in one year, and ringing of the ears?
Meniere's syndrome
Which ear structures are important in maintaining an equal atmospheric pressure within the middle ear?
eustachian tubes
Which hearing loss is a gradual loss of sensorineural hearing that occurs as the body ages?
presbycusis
Which laser treatment is used to reattach a deattached retina?
laser retinopexy
Which procedure provides temporary protection when the eyelids are paralyzed?
tasorrhaphy
Which structure is also known as the tear sac?
lacrimal canal
Which term describes a condition in which central vision is lost and peripheral vision may remain?
macular degeneration
Which term describes a noncancerous growth that develops on the cornea that may grow large enough to distort vision?
pterygium
Which term describes an area of absent, or depressed, vision surrounded by an area of normal vision?
soctoma
Which term describes bleeding between the conjunctive and the sclera?
subconjunctival hemorrhage
Which term describes the condition in which the eye does not fucus properly because of uneven curvatures of the cornea?
astigmatism
Which term describes the opaque middle layer of the eyeball?
choroid
Which term describes the region where vision is sharpest on the retina?
fovea centralis
Which term describes the simultaneous inward movement of both eyes toward each other to maintain single binocular vision?
convergence
Which term describes the state of balance?
equilibrium
Which term describes the surgical incision of the eardrum to create an opening for the placement of tympanostomy tubes?
myringotomy
Which term means fusing together of the bones of the middle ear resulting in a conductive hearing loss?
otosclerosis
A/An __________ medication is put on the skin to treat the area it is applied to
topical
Which autoimmune disorder is characterized by a red, scaly rash on the face and upper trunk?
lupus erythematosus
Which chronic disorder is characterized by itching and by red papules covered with silvery scales?
psoriasis
Which condition involves death that is usually associated with a loss of circulation?
gangrene
Which condition is a closed sac or pouch containing fluid or semisolid material?
cyst
Which condition is a collection of dried serum and cellular debris?
crust
Which condition is a crack-like sore?
fissure
Which condition is a localized skin infection around hair follicles and sebaceous glands?
furuncle
Which condition is a precancerous skin lesion caused by excessive exposure to the sun?
actinic keratosis
Which condition is a raised birthmark made up of newly formed blood vessels?
strawberry hemangioma
Which condition is the loss of pigment in areas of the skin, resulting in milk-white patches?
vitiligo
Which condition responds to laser treatment?
rhinophyma
Which degree of burns involves blisters and damage to the epidermis and dermis?
second
Which form of skin cancer is derived from cells capable of forming melanin?
malignant melanoma
Which procedure is also known as a skin graft?
dermatoplasty
Which procedure is the surgical removal of excess skin for the elimination of wrinkles?
rhytidectomy
Which substance, which is an anticoagulant, is released in response to injury?
heparin
Which term describes a discolored, flat skin lesion such as a freckle that is less than 1 cm in diameter?
macule
Which term describes a smooth, swollen area that is accompanied by itching?
wheal
Which term describes the black pigment that determines skin color?
melanin
Which term describes the change in nails associated with a chronic lack of oxygen?
clubbing
Which term describes the half-moon-shaped white region at the nail root?
lunula
Which term means abnormal hairiness?
hirsutism
Which term means an infestation with head lice?
pediculosis capitis
A pheochromocytoma occurs in the
adrenal medulla
Also known as a thyroid storm, _______ is a life threatening condition resulting from the release of excessive quantities of the thyroid hormones into the bloostream.
thyrotoxicosis
Hormones that control the functions of other endocrine glands are secreted by
pituitary gland
Hypoparathyroidism is usually accompanied by hypocalcemia and, in severer cases, leads to
tetany
The endocrine gland located near the midline in the anterior position of the thoracic cavity is the
thymus gland
The thymus secretes the hormone
thymosin
The thyroid-stimulating hormone is secreted by the
anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
What term describes substances such as sodium and potassium that are normally found in blood?
electrolytes
Which autoimmune disorder is characterized by hyperthyroidism, goiter, and exophthalmos?
Graves' disease
Which condition has symptoms that include puffiness of the hands and face?
myxedema
Which condition is an insulin deficiency disorder?
type 1 diabetes mellitus
Which condition is caused by a congenital lack of thyroid secretion?
cretinism
Which condition is caused by prolonged exposure to high levels of cortisol?
Cushing's syndrome
Which condition is not a diabetic complication?
aldosteronism
Which gland secretes the hormone melatonin?
pineal
Which hormone increases calcium levels in the body?
parathyroid
Which hormone increases pigmentation of the skin?
melanocyte-stimulating
Which hormone is normally secreted in response to high blood sugar?
insulin
Which hormone regulates the growth of bone, muscle, and other body tissues?
somatotropin
Which hormone stimulates ovulation in the female?
luteinizing
Which hormone stimulates the development of male secondary sex characteristics?
testosterone
Which hormones influence some sex-related characteristics?
gonadocorticoids
Which procedure is the surgical removal of the pineal gland?
pinealectomy
Which substance is used to suppress inflammation?
cortisone
Which term describes the excessive hunger associated with diabetes insipidus?
polyphagia
The condition in which the ovaries cease functioning before the age 40 is known as
premature menopause
The presence of single or multiple cysts in the breast that are usually benign is known as
fibrocystic breast disease
The thick fluid that aids the motility of the sperm is secreted by the
prostate gland
Torsion of testis is
pain caused by twisting of the vas deferens and blood vessels leading into the testis
When the ovum leaves the ovary it is caught by the
fimbriae
Which complication of pregnancy is characterized by convulsions and sometimes coma
eclampsia
Which condition is a developmental defect in which one testicle falls to descend into the scrotum.
cryptochidism
Which condition is a difficult or painful monthly flow?
dysmenorrhea
Which condition is a painful erection that is not accompanied by sexual excitement?
priapism
Which condition is also known as a precancerous lesion?
cervical dysplasia
Which condition is an inflammation of a fallopian tube?
salpingitis
Which condition is the inflammation of the lining of the cervix?
endocervicitis
Which condition is severe itching of the external female genitalia?
pruritus vulvae
Which condition is the abnormal implantation of the placenta in the lower portion of the uterus?
placenta previa
Which condition is the absence of the monthly menstrual flow?
amenorrhea
Which diagnostic technique is the direct visual examination of the tissues of the cervix?
colposcopy
Which diagnostic test is based on a specimen that is obtained between the eighth and tenth weeks of pregnancy?
chorionic villus sampling
Which of these STDS is caused by a virus?
genital herpes
Which procedure is formed to affix sagging breasts in a more elevated position?
mastopexy
Which procedure is performed to facilitate vaginal delivery?
episiotomy
Which procedure is the surgical removal of an ovary?
oophorectomy
Which term describes a woman who has given birth two or more times?
multiparous
Which term describes the fluid secreted by the breasts during the first days postpartum?
colostrum
Which term describes the removal of a cone of tissue from the cervix?
conization
Which term describes the tough membrane outer layer of the uterus?
perimetrium
A C-reactive protein (CRP) blood test
detects coronary artery inflammation that could signal an increased risk of heart attack
A/An _______ is an induced effect that is the exact opposite of that which was therapeutically intended.
paradoxical drug reaction
A/An ______ radiographic projection has the patient positioned facing the film and parallel to it?
posteroanterior
Elevated levels of which test may indicate gallstones or liver problems?
serum bilirubin
In preparation of a nuclear scan a/an _______ is administered.
radiopharmaceutical
Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA)
combines MRI with a contrast medium to locate problems with blood vessels
Nuclear medicine
is utilized for both diagnosis and treatment purposes
Positron emission tomography
combines tomography with radionuclide tracers
The C-reactive protein test is used to detect
coronary-artery inflammation
Which blood test is used to detect an internal hemorrhage lasting more than 24 hours?
red blood cell count
Which condition detected by urine analysis is an indication of impaired kidney function?
albuminuria
Which crackle-like sound is heard while listening to the chest when the patient is breathing in?
rale
Which instrument is used to examine the tympanic membrane?
otoscope
Which is the correct spelling of the name of the instrument that is used to measure blood pressure?
sphygmomanometer
Which position is used for examination of the anterior surface of the body?
supine
Which procedure is the drawing of fluid from the pericardial sac?
pericardiocentesis
Which statement applies to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)?
An MRI is used to image the brain, spine, and complex joints
True or False: The pulse rate measures the number of heartbeats per minute
true
Which statement is true concerning traditional radiography?
In radiographs, hard structures appear white or light gray.
Which term describes a very low body temperature?
hypothermia
Which term means the evaluation or appraisal of a condition?
assessment
Which term reflects the amount of wastes, minerals, and solids in the urine?
specific gravity
Which test is performed to determine the patient's blood test?
agglutination
Which test is useful as evidence of a myocardial infarction?
serum enzyme test
______ of the abdomen is performed to listen to abdominal sounds within the body.
Auscultation