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Satire and Comedy Vocab
Terms in this set (40)
sarcasm, irony or wit used to ridicule or mock
Direct and Indirect
Types of Satire
Horatian and Juvenalian
irony, travesty, burlesque, parody, farce, ivective, sarcasm, knaves&fools, malapropisms
Types of Irony
verbal, dramatic, socratic and situational
the actual intent is expressed in words which carry the opposite meaning. It is lighter, less harsh in wording than sarcasm, though more cutting because of its indirectness. The ability to recognize irony is one of the surest tests of intelligence and sophistication. Irony speaks words of praise to imply blame and words of blame to imply praise. Writer is using a tongue-in-cheek style. Irony is achieved through such techniques as hyperbole and understatement.
simply an inversion of meaning
when the words or acts of a character carry a meaning unperceived by himself but understood by the audience. The irony resides in the contrast between the meaning intended by the speaker and the added significance seen by others.
Socrates pretended ignorance of a subject in order to draw knowledge out of his students by a question and answer device. Feigning ignorance to achieve some advantage over an opponent.
Depends on a discrepancy between purpose and results. Example: a practical joke that backfires.
presents a serious (often religious) subject frivolously it reduces everything to its lowest level. "Trans"=over, across "vestire"=to clothe or dress Presenting a subject in a dress intended for another type of subject.
ridiculous exaggeration achieved through a variety of ways. For example, the sublime may be absurd, honest emotions may be turned to sentimentality. STYLE is the essential quality in burlesque A style ordinarily dignified may be used for nonsensical matters , etc.
a composition imitating or burlesquing another, usually serious, piece of work. Designed to ridicule in nonsensical fashion an original piece of work. Parody is in literature what the caricature and cartoon are in art.
Using different meaning of the same word or similar sounding words to make a "joke".
exciting laughter through exaggerated, improbable situations. This usually contains low comedy: quarreling, fighting, coarse with horseplay, noisy singing, boisterous conduct, trickery, clownishness, drunkenness, and slap-stick.
harsh, abusive language directed against a person or cause. Invective is a vehicle, a tool of anger. Invective is the bitterest of all satire.
a sharply mocking or contemptuous remark. The term came from the Greek word "sarkazein" which means "to tear flesh."
a deliberate mispronunciation of a name or term with the intent of poking fun.
in comedy there are no villains and no innocent victims. Instead, there are rogues (knaves) and suckers (fools). The knave exploits someone "asking for it". When these two interact, comic satire results. When knaves & fools meet, they expose each other.
A form of drama wherein the protagonist overcomes the obstacles facing him or her.
Types of Comedy
Tragicomedy / Seri comedy, slapstick, satire, Horatian Satire, Juvenalian Satire, Wit, Comedy of Manners / High Comedy, parody, burlesque, travesty, Black Humor/Dark Comedy, Gallows Humor, Caricature, Farce, Irony, Blunder, Pun, Double Entendre
A comedy with serious elements or overtones is known as serio comedy. Main plot is serious and might lead to catastrophe but ends happily for the protagonist
Also called physical comedy. Slapstick humor is a boisterous form of comedy with chases, collisions and practical jokes where people just do silly things such as tripping, falling over or embarrassing themselves just to make people laugh. Noted comedian Charlie Chaplin who acted in the silent movies, used a lot of slapstick comedy.
Named for the Roman satirist, Horace (65 BCE - 8 BCE), playfully criticizes some social vice through gentle, mild, and light-hearted humour. It directs wit, exaggeration, and self-deprecating humour toward human folly rather than the evils of humanity. Horatian satire's sympathetic, playful tone is common in modern society.
Named after the Roman satirist Juvenal (late 1st century - early 2nd century CE), is a type of satire that is more contemptuous and abrasive. Juvenalian satire addresses social evil through scorn, outrage, and savage ridicule. This form is often pessimistic, characterized by irony, sarcasm, moral indignation and personal invective, with less emphasis on humour. Strongly polarized political satire is often Juvenalian.
Keen perception and the ability to express one's perceptions in a clever way denotes a kind of verbal or written expression which is brief, deft, and intentionally contrived to produce a shock of comic surprise
Comedy of Manners / High Comedy
Contrived plot in which the artificialities of a sophisticated society are exposed and satirized. Characters are more important than plot. Dialogue is witty, cynical, and light.
Parody is defined as a work created to mock, comment on, or poke fun at an original work, its subject, or author, by means of humorous or satiric imitation. Parody is nothing but a composition that imitates or misrepresents somebody's style, in a humorous way.
A parody that either treats a trivial or ridiculous subject (the "matter") in a serious, high-toned way (or "manner"), or by doing the opposite, treating a serious subject in a light or derogatory way. Horatian in manner, not meant to be too mean
Satirical parodies that are Juvenalian in nature (mean, biting) A work that treats a serious subject frivolously-- ridiculing the dignified. Often the tone is mock serious and heavy handed. Can be direct or more subtle.
Black Humor/Dark Comedy
Black humor or dark comedy often refers to the juxtaposition of morbid and farcical elements to create a disturbing effect. Black comedy is a sub-genre of comedy and satire where grave topics like death, rape, murder, marital affair, human annihilation or domestic violence are treated in a satirical manner. There is a thin line between black humor and vulgarity since it is based on taboo subjects like body parts, bodily functions, sex, religion, death, etc.
Type of humor which arises from traumatic or life-threatening situations such as wartime events, mass murder, hostilities or in other situations where death is impending and unavoidable. This genre is similar to black comedy but, the only difference is that the comedy is created by the victim.
An exaggerated parody, "over the top" portrayal of a person's mental, physical, or personality traits in wisecrack form. Caricatures can be insulting, complimentary, and political or can be drawn solely for entertainment too. If the caricature is crude, coarse, or bitter it might be called a lampoon.
This is a genre of humor, which involves a character or a comedian making foolish mistakes, which seem humorous to others.
A double meaning, a pun that contains a word or phrase can be understood in two ways - one of those meanings could be interpreted to mean something risqué, crude, or improper
The Comedic Ladder
Comedy of Ideas (high comedy), Comedy of Manners (high comedy), Farce (can be combination of high/low comedy), Low Comedy
Comedy of Ideas (high comedy)
1. Characters argue about ideas like politics, religion, sex, marriage.
2. They use their wit, their clever language to mock their opponent in an argument.
3. This is a subtle way to satirize people and institutions like political parties, governments, churches, war, and marriage.
Comedy of Manners (high comedy)
1. The plot focuses on amorous intrigues among the upper classes.
2. The dialogue focuses on witty language. Clever speech, insults and 'put-downs' are traded between characters.
3. Society is often made up of cliques that are exclusive with certain groups as the in-crowd, other groups (the would-be-wits, desiring to be part of the witty crowd), and some (the witless) on the outside.
Farce (can be combination of high/low comedy)
1. The plot is full of coincidences, mistiming, mistaken identities.
2. Characters are puppets of fate—they are twins, born to the wrong class, unable to marry, too poor, too rich, have loss of identity because of birth or fate or accident, or are (sometimes) twins separated , unaware of their double..
1. Subjects of the humor consist of dirty jokes, dirty gestures, sex, and elimination.
2. The extremes of humor range from exaggeration to understatement with a focus on the physical like long noses, cross eyes, humped back and deformities.
3. The physical actions revolve around slapstick, pratfalls, loud noises, physical mishaps, collisions—all part of the humor of man encountering an uncooperative universe.