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106E.03 Skin Diseases & Disorders
Lesions, Disorders, Infections & Cancer
Terms in this set (20)
A flat discoloration appearing on the skins surface less than 1cm and with no change in texture on the skin. One greater than 2cm is called a "patch". Light brown or red, rounded and distinct, may be oval irregular or have an outline that gradually fades into surrounding tissues. Flat area, not raised from the skin. ie: Freckle
well-defined, elevated cluster of flat, scaly skin. Larger than 1cm. Can have a silver appearance, firm, rough to touch. ie: plaque psoriasis
AVOID TREATMENT TO THE AFFECTED AREA
Hardened, colored elevation of the skin in which no fluid or pus is present. Solid, about 1cm or less. Can be red, purple, or pink in color. Shape, size and color may vary. Elevated and hard. ie: warts, skin tag, fibrous papule
DO NOT PERFORM EXTRACTION!
Small elevation of skin simjilar to a vesicle in size and shape but containing pus. May develop from vesicles or papules. Various sizes. Appear whitish or yellowish in color and may be surrounded by a reddish inflammatory border. Soft, firm, elevated above the skin. ie: pimples
Solid formation above the skin, often caused by an insect bite or allergic reaction. Usually rapidly develop, disappear slowly and are accompanied by itching or tingling sensations. Irregular in shape and appearance. Raised, solid, inflamed, swollen and itchy. Shows white when touched. ie: urticaria, insect bites
abnormal membranous sac containing a liquid or semi-solid substance. Raised, red or light colored, circular, moves when touched, feels like a small balloon, may be painful for client. ie: Grade 2 acne
AVOID TREATMENT-REFER TO MD
Small fluid-filled sac that develops under the epidermis of the skin. Fluid inside vesicles may be clear, white, yellow, or mixed with blood. May develop from macules, papules, or poison oak or ivy and are generally short lived. Raised, thin-walled, larger than 1cm. ie: poison oak rash DO NOT TOUCH
Like vesicles but larger with dermal involvement. Elevated with clear fluid, larger than 1cm, penetrates dermis, ie: second degree burn DO NOT TOUCH
Like a papule, but larger with dermal penetration. Raised, circular, firm. Possibly red, firm, feels attached deeper within the skin. ie: large sebaceous cyst, nodular melanoma AVOID TREATMENT
Known as a neoplasm; an abnormal mass of tissue in the skin that can be fluid-filled or solid. Larger than 1cm, elevated above skin, irregular shape, various sizes, can be soft or hard and maybe fixed or moveable. ie: hemangiomas, skin cancer USE CAUTION (AVOID THE AREA)
Use Caution Symbol
This means that caution with modalities should be used and after the server per listed instructions.
Avoid Treatment Symbol
This means that the lesion or disease is contraindicated.
4 Categories of Skin Conditions
abnormal changes in the structure of the skin.
There are 2 Types of Lesions:
Primary & Secondary
medical term for anything that has an abnormal appearance or growth compared to the skin around it.
changes in the structure of the skin during the early stages of change and development. A lesion can be the first visible indicator of a disease and or disorder. They are often benign but can be unattractive.
Evolve from Primary Lesions, they can evolve as part of a disease process, wound healing, or directly from the client's actions, such as picking at a pustule. Most Secondary lesions are contraindicated for services. A scar within the maturation phase of healing is an exception.
Benign Skin Growth (Hypertrophy)
Skin classification that identifies common skin conditions that involve a non-malignant overgrowth or excess of skin (new growth).
abnormalities within the skin. They can affect multiple cells, glands, capillaries and include birthmarks. Disorders don't always indicate a skin disease. Estheticians do NOT diagnose, refer to MD.
abnormalities related to capillary growth, bruising or blood visible within the epidermis. They can be caused by disease, trauma, or genetic abnormalities. Most indicate a systemic problem, and services usually are allowed unless a hemorrhage or injury exists. Caution should be used with any modality that greatly increases microcirculation, such as steam or other heat applications.
a result of abnormal melanocyte activity. Excess production of melanin results in darker patches and is called hyperpigmentation. A lack of pigmentation or Melanin production that results in light or white patches is called hypopigmentation.
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