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25 terms

test 3 (anatomy II lab)

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inferior
two pairs of vocal folds are found in the larynx. Which pair are the true vocal cord (superior or inferior)
Thyroid cartilage (laringeal prominance), epiglottis, cricoid cartilage, arytenoid cartilage
name the specific cartilages in the larynx that correspond to the followig descriptions: Forms of adam's apple______a lid for the larynx______shaped like a signet ring_______vocal cord attachment____
mantein the patency (permeabilidad) of the trachea. protection.
what is the significance of the fact that the human trachea is reinforced with cartilaginous rings?
because the let a space for the esophagus expand in the trachea.
why the cartilaginous ring of the trachea are incomplete posteriorly?
The pleural membrane also helps to keep the two lungs away from each other and air tight, thus if one lung is punctured and collapses due to an accident, the other pleural cavity will still be air tight, and the other lung will work normally
whas is the function of the pleural membranes
1. war incoming air, moist incomin air,filtering incoming air.
name three functions of the nasal cavity mucosa
Left, right, left, right
the following questions refer to the primary bronchi: which is longer_______, larger in diameter______, more horizontal________which more commonly traps a foreign object that has entered the respiratory passageways________
Conducting zone of respiratory system. nostril, nasal cavity, internal nares, nasopharinx, oropharins, thrachea, 1st bronchus, 2nd bronchus, 3th bronchus, branchide, terminal branchide, respiratory branchiole, alveolar ducts, alveolar sacs, alveoli, wall of alveolus, intestitium, wall of pulmonaty capillaries and pulmonary capillaries blood.
trace a molecule of oxigen from the nostrils to the pulmonary capillaries of the lungs and name of the system. start with nostril
trachea
connects the larynx to the primary bronchi
pharynx
site of tonsil
esophagus
food passageway posterior to the trachea
epiglottis
covers the glottis during swallowing of food
larynx
contains the vocal cord
phrenic nerve
nerve that activates the diaphragm durng inpiration
parietal pleura
pleural layer lining the walls of the thorax
alveolus
site from which oxygen enters the pulmonary blood
pharyngotympanic tube
connects the middle ear to the nasopharynx
glottis
opening between the vocal fold
conchae
increases air turbulence in the nasal cavity
palate
separates the oral cavity from the nasal cavity
outside (next to thorax) parietal, and inside visceral, in between pleura fluid.
name of two layers of pleura membrane
from the conducting zone of respiratory system: nostril, nasal cavity, internal nares, nasopharinx, oropharins, thrachea, 1st bronchus, 2nd bronchus, 3th bronchus, branchide, terminal branchide.Because in this area there is not gas exchange.
what portion of the respiratory system are referred to as anatomical dead space and why is called this way.
external respiration
gas exchange at the respiratory membrane
internal respiration
gas exchange at the systemic capillaty bed
cellular respiration
gas exchange at the cellular level