the agriculture

une zone climatique

a climatic zone

une forêt tropicale

a tropical forest

le sahel

the Sahel

la savane

the savannah

le désert

the desert

le cacao

the cocoa

l'huile de palme

palm oil

le coton

the cotton

manquer de

to lack

être au chômage

to be unemployed

la grogne

the discontent

la famine


la sécheresse


la surpopulation

over population


to beg

un/e mendiant/e

a begger

une aumône


la dette

the debt

élever des animaux

to raise animals

cultiver (la terre)

to cultivate

labourer (les champs)

to work (fields)


to plant seeds

faire la moisson

to harves


to milk



le/la fermier/-ière


le/la cultivateur/-trice


le/la berger/-ère


le champ

the field

le pré

the meadow

le verger

the orchard

la charrue

the plow

le tracteur

the tractor

le grenier

the granary

le bouc

the billy goat

la chèvre

the goat

le dromadaire

the dromedary

le zébu

breed of African cattle

le boeuf

the ox

la vache

the cow

la poule

the chicken

le mouton

the sheep

la brebis

the ewe

le cochon

the pig


the donkey

le mil

the millet

la calabasse

a type of large gourd

les Wolofs (agriculteurs)

Wolof (Senegal)

les Sérères (agriculteurs)

Serer (Senegal)

les Diolas (agriculteurs)

Diola (Senegal)

les Peuls (nomades/éleveurs)

Fulani (Peulh) (Mali, Senegal)

les Toucouleurs (nomades/éleveurs)

Toucouleur (Mali, Senegal)

les Bambaras (agriculteurs)

Bambara (Mali)

les Bobos (agriculteurs)

Bobo (Mali)

les Dogons (agriculteurs)

Dogon (Mali)

les Sénoufos (agriculteurs)

Senofu (Mali)

les Malinkés (commerçants)

Malinke (Mali)

les Sonrhaïs (pêcheurs)

Songhai (Mali)

les Bozos (pcheurs)

Bozo (Mali)

la culture

the culture

le marabout

marabout, Muslim religious teacher

un talibé

talibe, young boy who lives and works for a marabout

un syncrétisme

syncretism (combining together)



le christianisme


les religions indigenes

indigenous religions

une confrérie

a brotherhood (religious)

le sérigne

the head marabout

un pèlerinage

a pilgrimage

les mourides

Mourides (a major brotherhood in Senegal)


animism (traditional religions)

la polygamie

the polygamy

une concession

a compound (family)

une case

a hut, dwelling

un griot

griot (an elder who has all the knowledge of a group)

un boubou

boubou (W. African dress)

un gris-gris

an amulet

la cora

the cora (African harp)

un sage

a wise man, a sage


to flatter

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