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American History: Articles of Confederation
*Better used with flashcards and scatter game then other activities because of long answers*
Terms in this set (24)
The states did not send a lot of money because everyone was facing hard times in an economic crisis, especially farmers. This led to Daniel Shays starting a rebellion.
Why did the national government not get a lot of financial support from the states?
The Era of Confederation.
The years of 1781-1789 are known as what?
A united group or party.
What does confederation mean?
They feared a government that was too powerful, unbalanced.
What motivated architects to frame the Articles of Confederation the way they did?
The Confederation Congress did good things like winning the war, winning peace, and gaining western territories from the British.
What information supports the argument: "the Articles have been subjected to unfair scorn and abuse"?
The articles required money contributions from the state government, the articles could not establish a good system of trade, they were unable to make the people follow the Treaty of Paris, and all the states had to agree to change the document.
Why were the Articles disappointing, or "fatally defective"?
They expanded west, led by Daniel Boone on the Wilderness Road.
Into which areas did American settlement expand in the late 1700s? Who brought them there?
The states developed governments through constitutions:
-some had separate branches
-some had bills of right added
*All were Republican in nature.
What kinds of government did the new states create for themselves?
A Republic is a form of government where the people choose representatives to govern them.
What is a Republic?
The U.S. is a Republic because we elect leaders to represent us.
Why is the U.S. a Republic?
Members of the Continental Congress disagreed over voting (one per state of base on population) and over who should control the western lands.
What issues divided the Continental Congress as it developed a plan for national government?
Under the Articles of Confederation, the national government was ran by the Confederation Congress with each state having one vote. The government had the power to wage war, issue money, make peace, and sign treaties.
What was the structure and powers of the national government under the Articles of Confederation?
Under the Articles of Confederation, the national government could not set taxes or enforce national law.
What couldn't the national government do under the Articles of Confederation?
Some smaller states wouldn't sign until the western lands were under government control. All states signed by 1781.
How did state claims to western lands affect the acceptance of the Articles of Confederation?
There were disagreements over who would control the territories, and how they would be divided and governed.
What issues affected the Western Territories between 1775 and 1787?
The Land Ordinance of 1785 said that the land would be divided into 6 mile square plots called Townships using an organized grid system in the Northwest Territory.
How did the Land Ordinance of 1785 state that the western lands should be divided?
The Northwest Ordinance explained how the land should be governed, including specifics on: voting, slavery, religion, and trials. It also stated that money from the sale of land would go to schools.
How were the Western Territories governed under the Northwest Ordinance?
The Northwest Ordinance talked about how the territories would become states.
Why was the Northwest Ordinance important to the growth of the U.S.?
Debt was a critical problem because the Confederation Congress could not collect taxes.
Why was debt a critical problem for the national government under the Articles of Confederation?
It showed that the Articles of Confederation could not enforce laws or collect taxes, and that there was no debt relief.
How did Daniel Shay's rebellion point out the weaknesses of government under the Articles of Confederation?
3. Weaknesses in Articles of Confederation
4. Shay's rebellion
What were 4 challenges Americans faced in shaping a new government?
The Continental Congress created the Articles of Confederation through making peace and the treaty. They also settled the western lands by the Land Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787.
What were three successes of the Continental Congress?
The strengths of the Articles of Confederation was that they left power to the states.
What were the strengths of the Articles of Confederation?
The weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation were that they couldn't enforce laws, collect taxes, regulate trade, and that all states had to approve changes
What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
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