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air ambulances

fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters that have been modified for medical care; used to evacuate and transport patients with life-threatening injuries to treatment facilities


a specialized vehicle for treating and transporting sick and injured patients

blind spots

areas of the road that are blocked from the driver's sight by their own vehicle or mirrors


the process of removing dirt, dust, blood, or other visible contaminants from a surface

CPR board

a device that provides a firm surface under the patient's torso

cushion of safety

keeping a safe distance between your vehicle and other vehicles to any side of you


to remove or neutralize radiation, chemical, or other hazardous material from clothing, equipment, vehicles, and personnel


the killing of pathogenic agents by direct application of chemicals

emergency mode

the use of lights and sirens

first-responder vehicle

a specialized vehicle used to transport EMS equipment and personnel to the scenes of medical emergencies

high-level disinfection

the killing of pathogenic agents by using potent means of disinfection


a condition in which the tires of a vehicle may be lifted off the road surface as water "piles up" under them, making the vehicle feel as though it is floating

jump kit

a portable kit containing items that are used in the initial care of the patient


medical evacuation of a patient by helicopter


a person who assists a driver in backing up an ambulance in order to compensate for blind spots at the back of the vehicle

Star of Life

the six-pointed star that identifies vehicles that meet federal specifications as licensed or certified ambulances


a process, such as heating, that removes microbial contamination

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