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Dr. Tagayuna Soci 200 Final Exam
Chapters 9, 10, 12 Study past test's as well.
Terms in this set (47)
refers to the biological characteristics with which we are born—chromosomes, anatomy, hormones, and other physical and physiological attributes.
refers to learned attitudes and behaviors that characterize people of one sex or the other. Gender is based on social and cultural expectations rather than on physical traits.
The perception of oneself as either masculine or feminine
The characteristics, attitudes, feelings, and behaviors that society expects of females and males
are expectations about how people will look, act, think, and feel because of their sex
an attitude or behavior that discriminates against one sex, usually women, based on the assumed superiority of the other sex.
peoples unequal access to wealth, power, status, prestige, and other valued resources on the basis of their sex.
an invisible barrier that keeps women from being more successful.
ones preference for sexual partners of the same sex, opposite sex, or of both sexes.
are sexually attracted to people of the same sex.
are called "straight" and are attracted to partners of the opposite sex.
attracted to members of both sexes
lack any interest in or desire for sex.
include transsexuals, intersexuals, and transvestites.
a belief that heterosexuality is superior to and more "natural" than homosexuality or bisexuality.
the fear and hatred of homosexuality, is less overt today than in the past but still widespread.
the graphic depiction of images that causes sexual arousal. 90 percent of viewers are men; 15 billion dollar industry
male role; procreator, protector, and provider
female role; providing emotional support and nurturance that sustain the family unit and support the father/husband
refers to a group of people who share physical characteristics such as skin color and facial features which is passed through reproduction.
a set of people who identifies with a common national origin or cultural heritage that includes language, geographic roots, food, customs, traditions, and religion.
Incorporates both physical and cultural traits.
Any physical or culturally distinctive group that has the most economic and political power, the greatest privileges and the highest social status.
a formal system of racial segregation
a group of people who may be subjects to different and unequal treatment because of their physical, cultural, or other characteristics such as gender, sexual orientation, religion, ethnicity, or skin color.
the systematic attempt to kill all members of a particular ethnic, religious, political, racial, or national group.
refers to the subordinate status of groups who are treated unequally within a nation.
is the physical social separation of dominant and minority groups.
the process of conforming to the culture of the dominant group and intermarrying.
refers to a society where minority groups exist separately from the dominant culture but also enjoy equal access to resources across the institutions.
is a set of beliefs which claim that one's own racial group is "naturally" superior to other groups.
an attitude, positive or negative, toward people because of their group membership.
an oversimplified or exaggerated generalization about a category of people.
a belief that one's own culture, society, or group is inherently superior to others.
are individuals or groups whom people blame for their own problems or shortcomings.
an act that treats people unequally or unfairly because of their group membership.
is a harmful action directed intentionally on a one-to-one basis by a member of a dominant group against a member of a minority group.
Minority group members experience unequal treatment and opportunities due to the everyday operations of a society's laws, rules, policies, practices, and customs.
a household in which 2 adults are married or cohabiting and at least one of the adults has children.
an arrangement where 2 related people are not married but live together and have a sexual relationship.
are when both partners are employed outside the house.
Scientists who study the biological, psychological, and social aspects of aging.
the average length of time people of the same age will live.
point out the essential functions family serves for the survival of society.
proposes that many older people remain engaged in numerous roles and activities. When this happens they are more satisfied.
see's family as a source of inequality and power.
focus on exchange theory; people seek through their interactions with others to maximize their rewards and minimize their costs.
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