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53 terms

GI/Derm

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Digestive Tract
Alimentary Canal
Tounge
Muscular Organ
Parotid Gland
Largest of the salivary glands, located anterior to the ear
Submandibular Glands
On each side of the jaw bone
Sublingual Glands
under the tounge
Stomach
J-shaped bag
Stomach Sphincters
Esophageal (cardiac), Pyloric
Stomach Cells
Mucous, parietal, chief, endocrine
Duodenum
First portion of the small intestine
Jejunum
Second portion of the small intestine
Ileum
third portion of the small intestine
Cecum
First two to three inches of the large intestine
Appendix
Function unknown
Colon
Ascending, transverse, descending, sigmoid
Rectum
controls the defecation reflex
Liver
has four lobes and manufactures and secretes bile
Gall Bladder
Pear shaped sac
Bile
Stored in the gall bladder, emulsifies fat.
Pancreas
secretes enzymes that are vital for the breakdown of all food types.
Dental caries
Cavities
Thrush
yeast infection of the mouth
Stomatitis
Inflammation of the oral mucosa
GERD
Gastroesophageal reflux disease. Chronic condition in which stomach acid moves back into the esophagus from the stomach.
Peptic Ulcer
A craterlike lesion of the mucosal lining of the stomach or duodenum
diarrhea
the passage of fluid or unformed stools
Constipation
sluggish action of the bowels
colitis
chronic inflammation of the colon
appendicitis
inflammation of the vermiform appendix
diverticulosis/diverticulitis
inflammation of the outpouching of the wall of the colon
crohn's disease
a chronic inflammatory disease involving any part of the GI tract. Associated with scarring and thickening of the bowel wall.
Hepatitis
inflammation of the liver. Types A, B and C
Cirrhosis
death of liver cells and their replacement by fibrous connective tissue (scarring).
Cholecytitis
inflammation of the gallbladder
cholelithiasis
the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
ascites
accumulation of excess fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
jaundice
yellow or greenish pigmentation of the skin due to hyperbilirubinemia
pancreatitis
inflammation of the pancreas
Dermatologic System
Integumentary system
epidermis
The outermost layer of skin and outermost cells that are constantly lost through wear and tear
Langerhan's cells
the first line of defense against bacteria and other microbes attempting to penetrate the skin
Dermis
made up of living cells
hypodermis
located between the skin surface and muscles
hair
increases the skins surface to touch
sebaceous glands
secrete and oily substance called sebum
vitamin synthesis
produced in the skin when exposed to sunlight
boils
a tender inflamed area of skin containing pus
Carbuncles
deep, broad, swollen, erythematous and painful follicular masses
impetigo
a superficial bacterial skin infection seen most commonly in babies and children.
Acne vulgaris
an inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and the adjacent hair follicle
Scabies
parasitic infection that is often worse at night.
Decubitis ulcers
bedsores
psoriasis
chronic inflammatory skin disorder characterized by recurrent exacerbations and remissions of thickened erythematous, scaling lesions.
Skin cancer
the most common form of cancer