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Terms in this set (32)
freedom from prejudice
Indian empire founded by Chandragupta in the 300s B.C.
to change one's beliefs
What was the main source of wealth under Chandragupta's rule?
What did Chandragupta use the Maurya Empire's wealth for?
He used to improve his empire by clearing forests, building roads, and improving irrigation systems for farmers.
What were the achievements of the Asoka rule?
building the greatest empire India had ever known
When did Asoka convert to Buddhism?
the bloody battle of Kalinga
What contributed to the breakup of the Maurya Empire?
There were no strong rulers after Asoka
rebirth of the soul in another living thing
representation of a Hindu god or goddess in human or animal form
the religious and moral duties of Hindus
the Hindu idea of nonviolence
a single spiritual power that Hindus believe lives in everything
Describe when and how Hinduism began.
Hinduism developed over 3,500 years, and it absorbed many beliefs from other religions.
What are the most important Hindu gods?
Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva
According to Hindu religion, a person's devotion to a personal god brings the soul closer to what?
to focus the mind inward in order to find spiritual awareness or relaxation
the lasting peace that Buddhists seek by giving up selfish desires
a person who spreads his or her religious beliefs to others
Meditation was practiced that was developed by whom?
What was Gautama before he became "The Enlightened One?"
According to Gautama, how could a person become free from suffering?
giving up selfish desires
What is the Middle Way?
the Eightfold Path to nirvana
In what areas of the world did the teachings of Buddhism spread out to?
They have spread out to many parts of Asia.
a strong seasonal wind that blows across East Asia
a fortress in a city
a large landmass that juts out from a continent
to move from one place to settle in another area
a social class of people
What limited contact between India and other ancient civilizations?
the Himalaya Mountains
What did early farmers in the Indus Valley produce?
a surplus of food
What was a key factor in the Aryan conquest of the Indus Valley civilization?
The Aryans had horse-drawn chariots