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41 terms

ss mid-term vocabulary

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archeaology
the study of the past based on what ppl left behind
region
an area with one or more features that make it diff. from surronding areas
landforms
the nautral features of the land's surface
artifacts
objects created by and used by humans
geagraphy
the study of the earth's physical and cultural features
rennisance
rebirth and refers to the period that flollowed Europe's middle ages
christian humanisim
blend of the humanist and religious ideas
reformation
reform movement againest the Roman Catholic Church
prostants
those who protest against the Roman Catholic Church
Catholic reformation
effort to stop the spread of protestantisim and to reform the catholic church from within
jesuits
religious order created to serve the pope and the church
ancestor
relative who lived in the past
ice ages
long periods of freezing weather
paleolithic era
the first of the stone age or old stone age
hunter-gathers
ppl who hunt animals and gather wild plants, seeds, and nuts to survive
land bridge
strip of land connecting two conntinents
domeestication
the process of changing plants or animals to make them more useful to humans
agriculture
farming
fertile cresant
large arc of rich or fertile farmland
silt
mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks
divison of labor
type of arrangment in which each work specilizes in a particular task or job
city-states
consisted of a city and all the country-side around it
surplus
more than needed
cunieform
the world's first system of writing
scribe
writer
zigguart
pyramid-shaped temple tower
excommunicate
cast out from the church
crusades
long series of wars between christians and muslims in southwest asia
holy land
region where jesus lived, preached, and died
clergy
church officials
religious order
group of ppl who dedicate their live to religion and follow commen rules
friars
ppl who belonged to religious orders but lived and worked among the general public
natural law
law that goverened how the world operated
black death
deadly plague that swept through Europe between 1347 and 1351
middle ages
a peroid that lasted from about 500 to about 1500
feudalism
system of promises that governed the relationships between lords and vassels
vassel
knight who promised to support a lord in exchange for land
chilvary
code of honorable behavior for knights
monasteries
communities of monks
monk
religious men who lived apart for society in isoulated communitites
serfs
workers who were tied to the land on which they lived