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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. chorus
  2. rhythm and blues
  3. Expressionism
  4. bebop
  5. musique concrete
  1. a a complex, hard-driving style of jazz that emerged shortly after World War II; it is played without musical notation by a small ensemble
  2. b a style of early rock 'n' roll ca. 1950 characterized by a pounding quadruple meter and a raw, growling style of singing, all set within a twelve-bar blues harmony
  3. c music in which the composer works directly with sounds recorded on magnetic tape, not with musical notation and performers
  4. d German-Austrian style that sought to express the innermost feelings, anxieties, and fears that an object generated in the artist
  5. e a full statement of the tune around which the performers improvise

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a mid-to large-size dance band that emerged in the 1930s to play the style of jazz called swing
  2. a machine that has the capacity to produce, transform, and combine electronic sounds
  3. a mixture of jazz and rock cultivated by American bands in the 1970s
  4. music that involves an element of chance (rolling dice, choosing cards, etc.) or whimsy on the part of the performers, especially popular with avant-garde composers
  5. Violin played without much vibrato

5 True/False questions

  1. serial musicmusic without tonality, music without a key center; most often associated with the twentieth-century avant-garde style of Arnold Schoenberg


  2. rhythm sectionthe section within a jazz band, usually consisting of drums, double bass, piano, banjo, and/or guitar, that establishes the harmony and rhythm


  3. polyrhythmtwo or more rhythms sounding simultaneously


  4. Tin Pan Alleythe area near Broadway and West 28th Street in New York where numerous music stores were located; the song pluggers in this neighborhood were so noisy that they sounded like a crowd banging on tin pans


  5. tone clustera dissonant sounding of several pitches, each only a half step away from the other, in a densely packed chord