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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. blues
  2. jazz
  3. electronic music
  4. ragtime
  5. big band
  1. a a lively, energetic music with pulsating rhythms, and scintillating syncopations, usually played by a small instrumental ensemble
  2. b sounds produced and manipulated by magnetic tape machines, synthesizers, and/or computers
  3. c an early type of jazz emerging in the 1890s and characterized by a steady bass and a syncopated, jazzy treble
  4. d a mid-to large-size dance band that emerged in the 1930s to play the style of jazz called swing
  5. e an expressive, soulful style of singing that emerged from the African-American spiritual and work song at the end of the nineteenth century; its texts are strophic, its harmonies simple and repetitive

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. music without tonality, music without a key center; most often associated with the twentieth-century avant-garde style of Arnold Schoenberg
  2. a full statement of the tune around which the performers improvise
  3. music in which the smallest interval is not the chromatic half step (as on the piano), but half of half a step
  4. German-Austrian style that sought to express the innermost feelings, anxieties, and fears that an object generated in the artist
  5. the stacking of one triad or seventh chord on another so they sound simultaneously

5 True/False questions

  1. rockthe generic term for the various, more sophisticated styles that emerged from rock 'n' roll after The Beatles


  2. Sprechstimme(German for "speech-voice") a singer declaims, rather than sings, a text at only approximate pitch levels


  3. parallel motionthe section within a jazz band, usually consisting of drums, double bass, piano, banjo, and/or guitar, that establishes the harmony and rhythm


  4. country musicRepertoire of songs for solo singer, male or female, with lyrics treating the subject of love and life's disappointments, and accompanied primarily by one or more guitars


  5. second Viennese Schoola six-note scale in which each pitch is a whole tone away from the next


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