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AP World History Chapter 22 Reading Quiz
AP World History
Terms in this set (30)
In the Global South, which of the following was the standard by which people measured and granted legitimacy to their governments?
Which of the following resulted from the so-called White Revolution of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi in Iran?
Discontent and resentment that paved the way for an Islamic revolution
Which of the following exercised the dominant power in the new government established in the wake of the Iranian revolution?
In contrast to the first decolonization of the Americas in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, the struggles for independence in Africa and Asia int he second half to eh twentieth century
affirmed the vitality of precolonial cultures
Which of the following groups favored a broad alliance of everyone opposed to apartheid regardless of race?
the African National Congress
In contrast to previous foreign rulers in India, the British were the only ones to
never assimilate into Indian society
What distinguished the end of Europe's African and Asian colonial empires in the second half of the twentieth century from other cases of imperial disintegration?
the mobilization of the masses around a nationalist ideology
what did all nationalist movements in Asia and Africa in the second half to the twentieth century share in common?
the goal of political independence
the reforms of Mustafa Kemal Atatürkin turkey in the early twentieth century
removed Islam from public life
Which of the following was a social or economic circumstance within the European colonies that contributed to anticolonial movements?
The growing number of Western-educated colonial elites who no longer viewed colonial rule as a vehicle for their people's progress
Which of the following was a common characteristic of the leaders of independence movements in European colonies in Asia and Africa in the second half of the twentieth century?
they were educated
Which of the following describes a feature of the strategy of the African National Congress in their resistance to the South African government from 1950 to 1994?
Non-violent civil disobedience against apartheid
Which of the following characterized Mohandas Gandhi's agenda in India's struggle for independence?
Non-violent civil disobedience against apartheid
Which of the following reflects a task of newly independent nation-states in the aftermath of decolonization in Africa and Asia in the second half of the twentieth century?
the building of modern economies, stable politics, and coherent nations
Which group of developing countries has been the most successful in stimulating economic growth and industrialization in the late twentieth century?
East Asian economies
Which of the following served as a unifying factor in South Asia before British colonial rule?
Which of the following represented a form of imperialism without territorial possessions that came under attack in the twentieth century?
U.S. influence in Latin America
What accounts for the resurgence of democracy in many developing countries in the decades since the 1980s?
the failure of authoritarian governments to address economic and social problems
Which government launched a revolutionary but short-lived program to achieve a peaceful transition to socialism in the early 1970s?
Chile under Salvador Allende
How did the system of apartheid in South Africa come to an end?
through negotiations between the white South African government and black South African nationalist leaders
In contrast to Indian's struggle for independence in the twentieth century, black South African's struggle for control for their country was
waged against an internal community of permanent white settlers who controlled the country
Which of the following describes how the Ayatollah Khomeini viewed the revolution he had launched in Iran?
as a model for other Islamic countries to follow
Which of the following countries became a new nation-state in the late 1940s?
Which of the following characterizes the economic strategy of most countries in the developing world since the late twentieth century?
Dependence on the market to generate economic growth
in the partition of British India in 1947, why was Pakistan made up of two regions flanking India?
the two regions were populated mostly by Muslims
Which of the following represented a fundamental contradiction that undermined the colonial enterprise in the second half of the twentieth century?
The ideal of national self-determination was at odds with the denial of independence to colonies
In Africa in the early 1980s, what happened to the political parties that had led the movements for independence from colonial rule?
most were soon swept away by military coups
Which of the following changes in the international arena in the second half of the twentieth century contributed to the end of European colonial rule?
The United Nations provided an international platform from which to conduct anti-colonial agitation
Which of the following was an initial goal of the Indian National Congress (INC)?
Gaining positions of influence in British India to protect Indian interests
In Africa, which of the following contributed to the loss of popular support for the democratic institutions established int he wake of independence from colonial rule?
Poor economic performance
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