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24 terms

CHAPTER 12: INCOME & SOCIAL CLASS

STUDY
PLAY
discretionary income
The money available to a household over and above what it requires to have a comfortable standard of living.
tightwads
Hate to part with their money; experience emotional pain when they make purchases
spendthrifts
enjoy buying everything in sight
THREE GROUPS OF SHOPPERS
- Brand aspirationals
- Price-sensitive affluents
- Value-price shoppers
behavioral economics
or economic psychology, studies the "human" side of economic decisions"
consumer confidence
a measure that reflects how optimistic or pessimistic are about future health of the economy and influences their decisions. Such as world events
social class
the overall rank of people in a society
homogamy
the tendency to marry people in a similar social class to ours. "assoratative mating"
social stratification
the creation of artificial divisions.
status hierarchy
a structure whereby some members are better off than others
social mobility
the passage of individuals from one social class to another.
chavs
Young, lower-class men and women who mix flashy brands and accessories from big names such as Burberry with track suits.
BRIC
Brazil, Russia, India, China
mass class
the hundreds of millions of global consumers who now enjoy a level of purchasing power that's sufficient to let them afford high-quality products- except for big-ticket items like college educations, housing, or luxury cars
affluenza
term coined by social critics to describe the failure of material goods to bring happiness to people who have the financial means to afford them
taste culture
A group of consumers who share aesthetic and intellectual preferences.
restricted codes
focus on the content of objects, not on relationships among objects
elaborated codes
more complex and depend on a more sophisticated worldview
habitus
a status-marking force that causes consumption preferences to cluster together
cultural capital
set of distinctive and socially rare tastes and practices - knowledge of "refined" behavior that admits a person into the realm of the upper class
invidious distinction
we use the products we buy to inspire envy in others through our display of wealth and power (Veblen)
conspicuous consumption
refers to people's desires to provide prominent visible evidence of their ability to afford luxury goods.
parody display
to deliberately avoid status symbols to seek status by mocking it ( ripped jeans)
status crystallization
The extent of which different indicators of a person's status (income, ethnicity, occupation) are consistent with one another.