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27 terms

Map Skills Vocabulary

Major vocabulary terms you need to know about maps.
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title
indicates the subject of the map and the information it contains
compass rose
shows you north (N), south (S), east (E), and west (W). Sometimes it will only show you north.
scale
compares a unit of length on the map and a unit of distance on Earth
labels
words or phrases that name features on the map
legend or key
lists and explains the symbols and colors used on the map
colors
show a variety of information on the map- the legend tells you what the colors mean
latitude lines
imaginary lines that show distances north or south of the equator
parallels
also called lines of latitude are imaginary lines that show distances north or south of the equator
equator
a latitude line that circles Earth half way between the north pole and the south pole
Prime Meridian
a longitude line that runs from the north pole to the south pole through Greenwich, England. It marks 0 degrees longitude
political map
shows features that humans have created on Earth's surface(cities, states, provinces, territories, and countries)
physical map
helps you see the landforms and bodies of water in specific areas
thematic map
focuses on specific ideas such as climate, types of vegetation, natural resources, population densities and economic activities
Arctic Circle
latitude line at about 66 degrees N
Tropic of Cancer
latitude line at about 23 degrees N
Tropic of Capricorn
latitude line at about 23 degrees S
symbols
may stand for capital cities, economic activities, or natural resources
Antarctic Circle
latitude line at about 66 degrees S
meridians
another name for longitude lines
parallels
another name for latitude lines
International Date Line
a longitude line at 180degrees, where the date changes when you cross it
degrees
unit of measurement on a map
northern hemisphere
half the Earth north of the Equator
southern hemisphere
half the Earth south of the Equator
western hemisphere
half the Earth west of the Prime Meridian
eastern hemisphere
half the Earth east of the Prime Meridian.
lines of longitude
imaginary lines that show distances east or west of the Prime Meridian