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70 terms

Music 1030 Review

Questions from Chapters 1-8 of The World of Music
STUDY
PLAY
a global perspective
A worldwide point of view, including the awareness of and respect for the lifestyles, traditions, values, and arts of nations and cultures
assimilation
Some immigrant groups have merged with the mainstream of American society while retaining the songs, dances, instruments, and other aspects of their cultures in this process
jazz
An American style of music that developed from the merging of the songs and dances of Anglo-Americans with those of Creoles
ethnomusicologists
Scholars of music in cultures
less European and more global
The way American music is becoming at the beginning of the twenty-first century,
George Gershwin
The music of this person is a merging of classical, symphonic, popular, and operatic styles
The music of Woody Guthrie, Pete Seeger, and Bob Dylan
popular music that became part of the folk music tradition
1909
The copyright law was established in this year
silence
Many composers and performers recognize the importance of this as a compositional technique, rather than as only a rest from sound
Classical
The music of the Western European concert tradition
the conductor
The primary musical interpreter in a band, chorus, or orchestra
listener
While many people participate in music as performers and creators, nearly everyone participates in music as this
Music
sound and silence organized in time AND/OR an art that can suggest feelings and images
acoustics
Frequency, range, echo, graphic equalization and signal-to-noise ratio
roots music
Music at the core of America's collective culture, derived from and related directly to the everyday lives of its people
examples of work songs
Sea shanties, railroad songs, and lumbermen's songs
rally songs
Songs that were used to promote union organization, political candidates, and patriotism
revival
A resurgence or a return to popularity of an existing style
Child ballad
named for a folksong collector
protest music
The Hutchinson family is best known for this type of Music
strophic setting
the same music to different words
music notation
Folk music is transmitted primarily through this
Tone bending
a singing technique used in Negro spirituals
"Barbry Allen"
a narrative ballad
the fiddle
instrument that was the primary melodic instrument in almost all instrumental folk dance traditions
Blues
genre of music for three-line poetic stanzas and twelve bars of music
Leadbelly's real name
Pete Seeger
1958
When scholars think the urban folk revival began
Psalter
hymnbook that contains the psalms to be sung during worship
Singing schools
Social, musical and religious events organized to improve hymn singing
Thomas A. Dorsey
father of black gospel music
The Edwin Hawkins Singers
contributed significantly to Black Gospel Music
Lowell Mason
He published Carmina Sacra in 1844.
southern gospel
also known as White Gospel Music
English Pilgrims and Puritans
brought Psalm singing to America
The Bay Psalm Book
first book to be published in British North America
The Sacred Harp
popular traditional black gospel group
"Sherburne"
Example of a fuging tune, a shape-note hymn , and an early New England hymn
Ira Sankey
song leader for Dwight Moody
Aretha Franklin, Sam Cooke, and Little Richard
artists who crossed over from gospel to popular music
Original Dixieland Jazz Band
Made the first jazz recording
King of Swing
Benny Goodman
Scott Joplin
The most popular creator and performer of ragtime piano music
Boogie woogie
jazz for solo piano
Chick Corea
The first leading proponent of cool jazz
Miles Davis
The primary innovator of modern jazz in the 1960s
New Orleans
Where Jazz began
A typical lead instrument
Trumpet
Blues
The styles that helped to stimulate the beginnings of jazz
Swing
Big band is associated primarily with this type of Jazz
minstrel song
considered the first distinctively American genre
James Bland
First American black songwriter of note
Hillbilly music
original music of Appalachian ethnic groups that became an internationally popular style of country music
The Jazz Singer
The first commercial movie with a synchronized soundtrack
The Beatles
The group most symbolic of the "British invasion"
Tin Pan Alley
a style of popular song- tradition lasted from 1890-1950
New Age Music
A style of music that emerged in the 1970s that combines elements of jazz, classical, popular, or rock styles to create a mellow, soothing, "back-to-nature" mood
Afro-Cuban
Culture from which Salsa orginiated
Clifton Chenier
The "king" of creole
Pentatonic
The most common scale used in Native American music
Mariachi
A style of Mexican folk music that in the 20th century became an urban entertainment music performed in restaurants and performance halls, parades, folk festivals and weddings
Gamelan music
typically based on five-tone and seven-tone scales
Kroncong and Dangdut
popular Indonesian styles
melismatic
A melody in which several notes correspond to a single syllable of text
Klezmer music
Music of Yiddish-speaking immigrants in the United States
Indian, Japenese, African Music
mostly from an oral tradition
Gagaku
The oldest documented orchestral music in the world
mbira
An African instrument that has 8-30 metal reeds that are plucked by both thumbs
bouzouki
A plucked string instrument of Greek origin similar to a banjo that is used in Celtic music
shamisen
The three-stringed plucked Japanese instrument used by entertainers and amateurs