23 terms


terminology used in research
Basic research
research conducted to advance scientific knowledge
Applied research
research designed to solve practical problems
statistical procedure for combining and analyzing data from many studies
Informed consent:
participants agreement to take part in a study after being told what to expect
Informing participants after the research about the purpose of the study, the nature of the anticipated results, and any deceptions used.
carefully controlled scietific procedure that involves manipulation of variables to determine cause and effect
Experimenter bias
occurs when researcher influences research results in the expected direction
Experimental group
group that recieves treatment in an experiment
Control group
group that recieves no treatment in an experiment
Independent Variable
variable that is manipulated to determine it's causal effect on the dependent variable
Dependent variable
variable that is measured; it is affected by (or dependent on) the independent variable
Double blind study
procedure in which both the researcher and the participants are unaware of who is in the expermental or control group.
inactive substance or fake treatment used as a control technique, usually in drug research, or given by a medical professional
believing that one's culture is typical of all cultures; also, viewing one's own ethnic group as central and "correct" and judging others according to this standard
Salmple Bias
occurs when research participants are not representative of the larger population
Random assignment
using chance methods to assign participants to experimental or control conditions, thus minimizing the possibility of biases or pre-existing differences in the group
participant bias
occurs when experimental conditions influence the participants behavior or mental processes
descriptive research
research methods that observe and record behavior and mental processes without producing causal explanations
Naturalisitic observation
observation and recording behavior and mental processes in the participants natural state or habitat
research tenique that questions a large sample of people to asses their behavior and attitudes
Case study
in-depth study of a single research participant
Correlational research
researcher observes or measures (without directly manipulating) two or more naturally occuring variables to find the relationships between them
Biological research
scientific studies of the brain and other parts of the nervous system