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Terms in this set (74)

1) Unitary System
- system you only have one strong central government, no state or local government
Washington D.C making laws that everyone has to follow

- U.S is too big, economic,cultural, geographic diverse; this would work well in smaller country that doesn´t have much of a cultural/geogaphic diversity (Ex: Japan)

Ex: Why did Romans,Ottomans, Russians collapse?= too much land to all control
*Doesn´t mean that this is always a dictatorship

2) Confederation:
1) Union of independent, sovereign states bound together for defense and/or economic purposes
- *** Central government is small, not that powerful; state law is bigger & more important
States don´t have to answer to anyone: acting as their own country
Modern day Ex: Switzerland, European Union (share currency, similar immigration laws but basically operate individually)

3) Federalism
- Shared power between a central/national government and several regional, provincial or state governments.
- Pre Rev: UNitary
Won war: create Confederation (but it was too weak)
Created Hybrid=*Federalism
- Cons:
who´s responsible for what? Fed or State?
Ex: **Covid Pandemic; fed is trying to help but some states are following that guideline but others are not:who is to blame for deaths?

laws can come in conflict with each other; state law vs fed law

Ex: Stevenson is requiring staff to be vaccinated vs religious freedom?
Trade within a state: State
Trade between states: Fed
alchool & drinking: STATE, but fed gov can often enforce states to do what they want
Ex: Alcohol Ex: Wisconsin vs fed
Fed: Im going to pull all ur funding or you can raise the drinking age
** economic systems are independent of government systems: can be a socialist economy w/democratic gov

1) Capitilism (pure)
- little to none government regulations (minimum wage, medical leave act, environmental protection, consumer protection, no sanitation checks)
Good if you are business owners b/c you don´t have to pay for all of these regulations, provides a lot of opportunity
Bad: Huge wealth gaps
Supply & Demand, Competition
- An economic system based on open competition in a free market, in which individuals and companies own the means of production and operate for profit

2) Communism
complete government control
everyone who works is an government employee
divide all resources among population
Goal: eliminate socioeconomic classes= people are all same=no disagreements in society
Good for ppl who are suffering from capitlis system
Bad for ppl who don´t have a reason to work hard anymore if everyone gets the same
- a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.

3)Socialism:
Heavy government control as well (Ex: Oil production, airports)
Try to be equal in terms of socioeconomic status but not split everything equal.
How?: Tax the rich people and use that money to invest in social welfare programs: Ex: Free education, free healthcare
Government can provide more for people in middle class/lower class
But bad incentives for people who want to get rich by starting a business
*most european countries have these systems
*U.S is in the middle of socialism & capitalism: public education, minimum wage, but also operate on free market principles
Dem wants to be more towards socialism
Reps want to be more towards capitalism
Communism is a bit too much to call democrats