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Study guide- exam 1
Terms in this set (50)
Smoking is risk factor for what diseases?
Heart disease (leading death in the U.S.), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including emphysema and chronic bronchitis
What is the single most preventable disease that causes premature death in the world today?
Most addictive substance in tobacco
5 A's in tobacco cessation
Ask, advise, assess, assist, arrange
Oral signs of tobacco use
Cancer and precancer
Soft tissue problems
Hard tissue problems
ETS (Environmental Tobacco Smoke)
Tobacco smoke present in room air resulting from ignited tobacco produces burning in an ashtray or exhaled by a smoker
ETS (Environmental Tobacco Smoke) is also called
Passive, involuntary, or secondhand smoke
clinical treatment of tobacco users
White change in palate caused by smoking
Red dots in lesions are inflamed salivary duct orifices with background leukoplakic changes
Recommended Dietary Analysis
Recommended amounts of macronutrients and micronutrients needed to consume daily to maintain good health and prevent deficiency.
Problems that can arise from drinking cariogenic foods in excess
vitamins/minerals for wound healing
B complex, vitamin c, and dietary calcium
B complex vitamins
Refers to all the water soluble vitamins except vitamin c.
Needed for collagen formation and intercellular material, and healing tissues after procedures including periodontal debriment.
What vitamin might a patient be deficient in if they have angular cheilosis?
Purpose of a dietary assessment
Study the patient's food habits and snacking patterns.
Identify the patient who may be at a nutritional and oral health risk.
Determine the overall consistency of the diet.
causing tooth decay
What is the critical pH level for demin?
Sugar substitute that can promote remineralization?
Approximately 90% of all hypertension
High blood pressure caused by the effects of another disease. Approximately 10% of all hypertension
sudden drop in blood pressure upon standing- aslo called orthostatic hypotension
Prevent occurrence or recurrence of blood clots or thombus and causing a myocardial infarction or stroke.
Rheumatic Heat Disease
Complication following rheumatic fever. A high percent of these patients have permanent heart valve damage.
normal blood pressure
elevated blood pressure
Stage 1 hypertension
Stage 2 hypertension
Lifestyle modifications that may impact blood pressure
Not enough exercise
MI (Myocardial Infarction)
Sudden reduction or arrest of coronary blood flow. Most extreme manifestation of ischemic heart disease
type l diabetes
insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM)
usually children/young adults
body not producing insulin
sugar builds up in the blood instead of going into cells
5% to 10% of diabetes
type 2 diabetes
90-95% of diabetes
Most common dental emergency with a diabetic patient
Be familiar with a patient who goes into insulin shock and protocol for this emergency
Glucose gel is the preferred treatment after 15 minutes of treatment. If continued, treatment should be continued. After return to normal, patient should consume a meal or snack. If unconcious, injection of glucagon or intravenous glucose.
Possible complications with diabetics
increased susceptibility to infection
When treating a diabetic patient how would you prepare for the patient?
Make sure they have eaten breakfast (for one).
Preferred time may be morning, during blood gluclose level curve
Do not keep patient waiting
Do not interfere with regular meal
What is hypoglycemia?
Too much insulin, which lowers the level of blood glucose
What organ is insulin produced?
Acetone, fruity breath is a symptom of?
How can diabetes affect periodontal disease and vice versa?
Patient with diabetes are at a two to four times greater risk for more severe periodontal disease than individuals without.
What patients usually take anticoagulants?
Someone who has had blood clots in the past or been diagnosed with a condition such as atrial fibrillation that can cause blood clots to form.
What systemic problem has been named the silent killer?
What if I said, something is asymptomatic, what would you tell me?
Showing no signs or symptoms
What is insulin shock?
When too much insulin is injected causing blood glucose to drop too low
What is ischemic heart disease?
Acute and chronic cardiac disability, arising from reduction or arrest of blood supply to the myocardium.
What is tachycardia?
fast heart rate
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