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6 Written questions

6 Multiple choice questions

  1. Positive: Reproduction of Sciatic pain BEFORE 60 DEGREES

    Indicates: Sciatica

    *PANTY HOSE DISPLAY
  2. Lumbar Spinous Processes

    Sacral Tubercles

    Iliac Crest

    PSIS
  3. Flexion: 25
    Extension: 30
    Left Lateral Bending: 25
    Right Lateral Bending: 25
    Left Rotation: 30
    Right Rotation: 30
  4. Positive: Inability to perform test

    Indicates: L5-S1 disc problem (S1 nerve root)
  5. Positive: Reproduction of radicular pain or inability to perform correctly due to Tripod Sign.

    Indicates: Sciatic Radiculopathy

    *KEEP HANDS IN LAP
  6. Positive: Inability to perform test and/or low back pain

    Indicates: Weak abdominal muscles or space occupying lesion

    *YOU RAISE LEGS 2-3 inches)
    Instruct the to hold for 30 SECONDS
    SPOT THEM

6 True/False questions

  1. Buckling Sign (Cipriano)Positive: Pain in the lumbar region or radiculopathy

    Indicates: Sciatic erve root compression. Helps to rule out tight hamstrings.

          

  2. Bowstring SignPositive: Pain in the lumbar region or radiculopathy

    Indicates: Sciatic erve root compression. Helps to rule out tight hamstrings.

          

  3. Hoover's SignPositive: Lack of counter-pressure on healthy side

    Indicates: Lack of organic basis for paralysis (Malingering/hysteria). With organic hemiplegia, the patient will still exert downward pressure when attempting to raise paralyzed leg.

          

  4. Anterior Innominate Test (Mazion Pelvic Maneuver/Advancement Sign)Positive:
    Inability to bend at the waist more than 45 degrees, because of either/or:

    1) Radiating pain along Sciatic nerve, either unilateral or bilateral
    Indicates: Sciatic neuralgia or radiculopathy, etc. possibly due to a lumbar disc pathology

    2) Low back pain (lumbar or pelvic regions)
    Indicates: Anterior (rotational) displacement of the Ilium relative to Sacrum

          

  5. Straight Leg Raiser (SLR)Positive: Radiating pain in posterior thigh.

    Indicates: Sciatic Radiculopathy

          

  6. Goldthwait'a SignPositive: Localized pain, low back or radiating pain down the leg.

    Indicates:
    1) Pain before spinouses close = Possible SI problem

    2) Pain after spinouses close = Possible lumbo-sacral problem

    *W on spinouses and do a Straight Leg Raiser