Question types

Start with

Question limit

of 18 available terms

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads
Print test

6 Written questions

6 Multiple choice questions

  1. Positive: Pain accompanied by flexion of the knee on the affected side and body rotation away from the affected side.

    Indicates: Positive with a variety of low back pathologies. Hamstring tension on pelvis may trigger the response.
  2. Positive: Radiating pain down the leg causing flexion of the patient's knee or knees

    Indicates: Gluteal, lumbosacral or sacroiliac pathologies.
  3. Positive: Radiating pain in posterior thigh.

    Indicates: Sciatic Radiculopathy
  4. Lumbar Spinous Processes

    Sacral Tubercles

    Iliac Crest

  5. Positive: Reproduction of Sciatic pain BEFORE 60 DEGREES

    Indicates: Sciatica

  6. Positive: Radiating pain and/or posterior thigh pain

    Indicates: Sciatic radiculopathy or tight hamstrings. Positive between 35-70 degrees = possible discogenic sciatic radiculopathy (Cipriano).

6 True/False questions

  1. Heel WalkPositive: Inability to perform test

    Indicates: L4-L5 disc problem (L5 nerve root)


  2. Buckling Sign (Cipriano)Positive: Pain in the posterior thigh with sudden knee flexion (buckle)

    Indicates: Sciatic Radiculopathy


  3. Bowstring SignPositive: Pain in the lumbar region or radiculopathy

    Indicates: Sciatic erve root compression. Helps to rule out tight hamstrings.


  4. Toe WalkPositive: Inability to perform test

    Indicates: L4-L5 disc problem (L5 nerve root)


  5. Lumbar Spine Soft Tissue PalpationParaspinal Muscles (Superficial Layer)
    Sciatic Nerve
    Gluteus Maximus
    Gluteus Medius
    Biceps Femoris
    Anterior Abdominal Muscles


  6. Goldthwait'a SignPositive: Localized pain, low back or radiating pain down the leg.

    1) Pain before spinouses close = Possible SI problem

    2) Pain after spinouses close = Possible lumbo-sacral problem

    *W on spinouses and do a Straight Leg Raiser